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Ancient China- G.R.A.P.E.S
Transcript of Ancient China- G.R.A.P.E.S
but often competing dynasties in controlling different regions. Their king was called and emperor. Ancient China's resources, large areas and large populations demanded a strong central government. when one of these regional dynasties became dominant their king would become the emperor. The government these dynasties created tended to be very autocratic and even despotic, ruthlessly enforcing their rule and constricting massive armies and labor forces. E The king was the highest rank. He led the government, gave land to nobles, and lived in a palace located in the capitol city. He had many wives. The king believed the more wives he had would be a better chance of getting a child. Next in rank was the nobles. This class was very privileged. They most give their profits to te king. In return, they get protection. they owned very fancy clothes and jewelry. If a noble did a crime, he would be murdered. Next was the officials. This group is third highest in the social class. Kids must start school early and pass tests in order to be officials. The two best officials were the kings advisors. Next are the merchants. This class includes traders, animal breeders, and money lenders. They were threats to kings and nobles. The next class is artisans. This includes painters,carpenters,potters, and jewel makers. These people earned more than farmers but not merchants. The last class is peasants. They produced food that helped the society build. They were very poor and lived boring lives. Peasent women would sow. Peasants still had to pay taxes. By the time of Confucius, Chinese people traded cattle, salt, iron, and silk. To facilitate trade, the First emperor instituted a uniform weights and measure system and standardized the road width so carts could bring trade goods from one region to the next. Through the famous Silk Road, they also traded externally: goods from China could wind up in Greece. At the eastern end of the route, the Chinese traded with people from India, providing them with silk and getting lapis lazuli, coral, jade, glass, and pearls in exchange. THE END