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Ancient China- G.R.A.P.E.S

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Jasmine Mcknight

on 9 April 2013

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Transcript of Ancient China- G.R.A.P.E.S

Ancient China G R A Shi Huangdi was the first emperor of the Qin Dynasty. He brought the period of warring states to an end by unifying the nation under his control. He built a canal connecting the Yangtze to central China and constructed the first Great Wall of China. Toilet Paper,gunpowder, and ice cream were made! S G.R.A.P.E.S Ancient China is very dry and vast.It is the worlds fourth largest country. It has a great variety of climates and terrains. The south is wet and tropical, with some rain coverage.The north-west area of china is covered in desert. In the very far east, near Russia, the temperature can drop to -50 degrees Celsius in the winter. In the west of China there are the Himalayas, with some of the highest mountains in the world! The melting snows from the mountains in the west create the headwaters for two of China's most important rivers, the Yellow River, and the Yangzi River. Confucianism is an indigenous religion and is the soul of Chinese culture. Taoism is also one of China's major religions. The primary belief is in learning and practicing "The Way" which is the ultimate truth to the universe. P Ancient China had a government ruled by dynasties, sometimes united under one dynasty
but often competing dynasties in controlling different regions. Their king was called and emperor. Ancient China's resources, large areas and large populations demanded a strong central government. when one of these regional dynasties became dominant their king would become the emperor. The government these dynasties created tended to be very autocratic and even despotic, ruthlessly enforcing their rule and constricting massive armies and labor forces. E The king was the highest rank. He led the government, gave land to nobles, and lived in a palace located in the capitol city. He had many wives. The king believed the more wives he had would be a better chance of getting a child. Next in rank was the nobles. This class was very privileged. They most give their profits to te king. In return, they get protection. they owned very fancy clothes and jewelry. If a noble did a crime, he would be murdered. Next was the officials. This group is third highest in the social class. Kids must start school early and pass tests in order to be officials. The two best officials were the kings advisors. Next are the merchants. This class includes traders, animal breeders, and money lenders. They were threats to kings and nobles. The next class is artisans. This includes painters,carpenters,potters, and jewel makers. These people earned more than farmers but not merchants. The last class is peasants. They produced food that helped the society build. They were very poor and lived boring lives. Peasent women would sow. Peasants still had to pay taxes. By the time of Confucius, Chinese people traded cattle, salt, iron, and silk. To facilitate trade, the First emperor instituted a uniform weights and measure system and standardized the road width so carts could bring trade goods from one region to the next. Through the famous Silk Road, they also traded externally: goods from China could wind up in Greece. At the eastern end of the route, the Chinese traded with people from India, providing them with silk and getting lapis lazuli, coral, jade, glass, and pearls in exchange. THE END
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