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Copy of Rovers, Probes, Satellites
Transcript of Copy of Rovers, Probes, Satellites
Curiosity is a NASA Mars rover. It landed August 5, 2012, and will stay on Mars for two years.
Its mission is to determine if Mars may have once been livable for primitive life.
Rovers are meant to take pictures, grasp objects, examine soil and rock samples, and send data back to Earth.
The main planet studied by rovers is Mars.
Rovers have been to all planets. Probes Probes are spacecrafts that travel
through space to collect science information.
They do not carry astronauts, but they do send back data for scientists to study.
The first probe, the Sputnik 1, was launched on October 4, 1957, by the former Soviet Union.
The United States followed on January 31, 1958, by launching the probe Explorer 1.
In August of 2012, NASA launched the twin Van Allen Probes to explore the Van Allen radiation belts that surround Earth.
Probes can give engineers valuable information to help better protect satellites from their hash environment.
The data received may be about the atmosphere and composition of space or other planets or moons. Satellites The Future of Probes NASA is scheduled to launch the probe IRIS (Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph) in April of 2013 to observe the sun.
Data will be obtained by using high-resolution images and computer models.
Scientists hope to solve how matter, light, and energy move from the sun's photosphere to the corona.
Future probes are predicted to bring back samples from Jupiter's moon, Europa.
The lakes of Titan, one of Saturn's moons, will be explored by robotic probes. Fun Facts The 17 cameras on Curiosity can take pictures as tiny as 12.5 microns (one millionth of a meter). That's smaller than the width of human hair.
In May 2009, Spirit became stuck in soft soil on Mars and is used as a stationary observation and testing station.
Probes are the most important object we have in space, it's how we found our way to moons, planets, and different atmospheres. Without them we wouldn't have been able to land on the moon.
Satellites travel at 18,000 miles per hour. That means in one day they can travel the Earth's circumference about 14 times.
The last photograph Voyager 1 took, is the first and only image of our solar system. The family portrait was taken on February 14, 1990.
A satellite gets better fuel economy than a Prius. Sources www.k12.hi.us
The New Book of Knowledge
www.digitalglobeblog.com Satellites are launched into space to orbit Earth or another body in Space.
Their main use is for communications or weather.
Your GPS (Global Positioning System) gets its information from a group of more than 20 satellites.
Satellites take pictures so we can see a bird's eye view of Earth.
Your TV and phone signals are sent through satellites.
They are launched into space on rockets.
Important information about gases in the atmosphere like carbon dioxide and the ozone can be measured.
Volcanoes and wildfires can be monitored.
Pictures are taken of asteriods, comets and planets. http://www.nasa.gov/audience/foreducators/robotics/home/ROVER.html http://www.nasa.gov/centers/jpl/education/spaceprobe-20100225.html http://www.nasa.gov/audience/forstudents/5-8/features/what-is-a-satellite-58.html http://www.npr.org/2012/12/14/167211913/50-years-after-first-interplanetary-probe-nasa-looks-to-future
http://iris.gsfc.nasa.gov/ The book of knowledge www.k12.hi.us http://marsrover.nasa.gov/mission/spacecraft_surface_rover.html The Book of Knowledge