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Quebec's Independence Movement Prezi

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Sean Simpson

on 26 February 2013

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Transcript of Quebec's Independence Movement Prezi

French is the only official language in Quebec
English may be used in advertising, but it must be placed after the French words, and it must be smaller font

Some people are happy with these changes, but other people still believe that Quebec should be independent from the rest of Canada In Quebec Today… By this time, Quebec had changed in many ways…

Growing populations pushed into farmlands & rural people grew poor
Many chose to leave farms & move to cities

Lives were very different now:
Stopped going to Catholic churches
No longer led a traditional lifestyle
English was spoken in most cities, while French was not A Separate Quebec Located in eastern Canada

Large part of Canadian industry is centered in Quebec
Many electronics and computer factories are based here

French is the official language of business and government in Quebec
81% speak French as 1st language The Province of Quebec Quebec’s Independence Movement Canadian government does not want to allow Quebec to separate from Canada
Huge economic help to country
Rich in natural resources
Access to many waterways (shipping & trade)

Government has made several reforms in an attempt to keep separatists happy… What Now? 1980 & 1995--people of Quebec voted whether or not to secede
Both votes were in favor of staying Canadian
Last vote--49.4% voted to secede; 50.6% voted to stay Canadian…wow!

Close results showed that the relationship between Quebec and the rest of Canada will continue to be a controversial issue Let the People Decide Those who supported Quebec separatism want:
to protect French language and culture
to be treated as equals with English-speaking Canadians
other Canadians to respect French language and culture
to preserve French Canadian culture for future generations Pros for Separating Idea of a separate French Canada spread slowly

At first, most French Canadians did not think that Quebec needed independence just to be French
By the 1960s, however, thinking had changed…

Many French Canadians had become Quebec nationalists & thought of themselves as Quebecois, not Canadians A Separate Quebec Quebec Government has passed several laws to help Quebec’s citizens preserve their language and culture
The Constitution Act made Canada officially bilingual (English & French)
All government documents must be written in French & English Reforms Those who opposed Quebec separatism argued that separatism would:
result in economic disaster for Quebec
ruin national unity and pride Cons for Separating Many French Canadians felt that their language & culture might disappear
French language & culture was overwhelmed by English
Tired of feeling like second class citizens in their own country

Most started to think that Quebec should secede from Canada (be independent)
Separatists--want Quebec to “separate” from Canada Quebec’s Independence Most French Canadian families had been living in Quebec for hundreds of years

Spoke French & had a different culture than English-speaking Canadians
Majority lived on farms and rarely left their villages

Most French Canadians were Catholic, while the majority of British Canadians were Protestant Early 1900s Canada was originally colonized by French (fur trade)

British wanted part of the fur trade; fought & won French and Indian War
Divided Canada into Upper Canada (British) and Lower Canada (French)
“Lower Canada” is now called Quebec

Canada was united in 1867--British North America Act
But Quebec is still predominately French Canadian History Review: + ( )
= French & Indian War +
Full transcript