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Transcript of EAST ASIA
JAPAN, N. KOREA, S. KOREA--CH 28
(SOME) RIVERS OF CHINA
YANGTZE (CHANG JIANG) RIVER
3rd LONGEST IN THE WORLD &
5th LARGEST BY VOLUME
Leads the world in coal, lead, tin, and tungsten
Coal has caused much pollution in China
Variety of Climates
Monsoon winds influence most of China's weather
Dry Winter Winds
Warm, Humid Summer Winds
Some animals that have become extinct in other parts are still living in China
The Chinese have the longest known continuous history of any culture.
After WWI, a civil war broke out between Nationalists and Communists.
1.3 Billion People--largest in the world
70% are Han Ethnicity
Mandarin is the official language and most spoken in the world
Mountains cover almost 50% of China
Himalayas, Kunlun Shan, Tian Shan
For many years the only contact with China was by the Silk Road
Mongolia is almost totally on the Mongolian Plateau
The Gobi (“Waterless”) Desert is found in Mongolia
Mongolia has arid and semi arid climates
Extreme hot and cold temperatures (-50 to 110)
Climates of MONGOLIA
HUMAN GEOGRAPHY OF MONGOLIA
2.8 Million People--there are 3.4 Million in the
Hey Look! A YURT!
LANDFORMS OF TAIWAN
Eastern Taiwan is mostly high steep mountains
Western Taiwan is flatter
Taiwan is located at the edge of a tectonic plate
HISTORY OF TAIWAN
FACTS ABOUT TAIWAN
Most People are Buddhist or Confucianist
PHYSICAL GEOGRAPY OF JAPAN
Four main islands and thousands of smaller islands make up Japan
Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu
Honshu is the largest
Japan has very few natural resources
This is why they started conquering new lands
Today, they make up for lack of resources by
producing goods and TRADING.
HUMAN GEOGRAPHY OF JAPAN
Earliest people in Japan were called Ainu (I no)
Later on, invaders from Asia drove the Ainu to the northern islands
1868 Meiji Restoration
A group of Samurai overthrow the Shoguns and restore the emperor
PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY OF KOREA
BOTH Koreas lie on the Korean Peninsula
Mostly low mountains
A coastal plains region along the coast is where most people live
HUMAN GEOGRAPHY OF KOREA
As early as 4000 B.C., there were people in Korea.
After WWII, Korea split
The war is technically still going
The DMZ (Demilitarized Zone)
is known as the scariest place on Earth
Today, N. Korea is one of the
poorest countries in the world.
S. Korea is one of the richest
Most are Buddhist
86% are Mongol Ethnicity
More horses per capita than anywhere in the world
Mongolia was once the worlds largest empire
LEAST DENSELY POPULATED COUNTRY IN THE WORLD
Many are still NOMADIC
Taiwan has TROPICAL CLIMATES
Taiwan is about the size of Massachussetts, but is in the top 25 Economies in the World.
Tall Mountains and Low Basins form VERY POWERFUL rivers.
Large Basins and Depressions
The Turpan Depression
Large Plateaus form between these ranges
Plateau of Tibet (avg. 16000 ft) is the world’s highest
XI (PEARL) RIVER
10th LARGEST IN THE WORLD BY VOLUME
10th LONGEST IN THE WORLD
HUANG (YELLOW) RIVER
6th LONGEST IN THE WORLD
Only 10% of China’s soil is arable.
Rice is the staple crop (PADDY, INTENSIVE)
World leader in peanut production
Hydroelectric power is widely used
THREE GORGES DAM
The Mongols, under Genghis Khan, overthrew the Sung dynasty and ruled China for a short time.
After the Han dynasty, much of China split up
The T’ang and Sung dynasties reunited China
The Han Dynasty improved China’s military power and built great cities
Many Chinese still call themselves “Han”
The Qin, or Ch’iin was the first dynasty
They completed the first part of the Great Wall
The name “CHINA” comes from this name
Ancient Chinese history was marked by dynasties
Back to 6000 B.C.
Japan invaded China in 1937 and they fought each other during WWII
Japan took advantage and set up a puppet government in NE China (Manchuria)
Chiang Kai Shek took control of China in 1912 and tried to form a strong government
The Chinese lost Hong Kong to the British
Countries set up spheres of influence in a weak China in the 1700’s and 1800’s
The Chinese were isolationists
China has modernized and moved away from total communism since 1976--It is still ruled by the Communist Party, but it isn't as strict as it used to be and capitalism is becoming the norm.
1--Great Leap Forward-Was supposed to improve industry but actually slowed it down
2--Cultural Revolution-Many intellectuals and scientists were suspected of spying and killed.
Mao Zedong’s two biggest mistakes
The Nationalists fled to Taiwan and started their own country, which they still call the Republic of China.
Mao Zedong and the Communists won out in 1949. China has been communist since then.
When the Japanese invaded before WWII, the two sides actually joined forces. When WWII ended, they went back to fighting!!
There are 55 minority ethnic groups in China
2/3 of China’s population lives in the eastern half
Major religions are Buddhism Taoism and Confucianism
Taoism-live a simple life in harmony with nature
Confucianism-based on the lessons of Confucius
Confucianism is more of a code of ethics than a religion
TIBET is an area of China that was it's own country.
Most Tibetans follow a form of Buddhism called LAMAISM--following the teachings of the Dalai Lama
Japan’s climate is very similar to the east coast of the United States
Japan lies along a subduction zone
Hotbed for volcanic, tsunami, and seismic activities
3 major coastal plains, which are all densely populated
70% is mountainous
Longest range is the Japanese Alps
Tallest Mountain, Mt. Fuji, is a volcano
Japan was attacked by the Mongols on several occasions but fought them off.
At first, Japan was ruled by an emperor
By 1100, all power rested with a warlord called a SHOGUN
Samurai=Hired warrior for Daimyo
Shintoism became a religion only found in Japan
Japan developed a unique political system--FEUDALISM
China and Korea influenced Japans early culture
Later on, the Japanese developed many of their own traits
Today, they have a Constitutional Monarchy and are one of our biggest ALLIES
After losing WWII, Japan was forced to give up all conquered lands
In 1940, Japan became allies with Germany and Italy and fought WWII with them
Japan soon became a military and industrial power and began conquering Asia
The emperor modernizes Japan
Japan annexed Korea in 1910 and ruled Korea until 1945.
As Korea modernized, China, and then Japan moved in
to the area.
The result was falling behind in Technology.
During the 19th Century, Korea, like China, developed
an isolationist policy with the west.
Seoul has been the capital since 1374
In 1953 a cease fire was signed and the 38th parallel was agreed
as the border.
American soldiers fought with S. Korea
The Korean War lasted from 1950-1953.
South Korea, helped by the USA,
became a democracy
North Korea, helped by the USSR,
became a dictatorship
YANGTZE DOLPHIN--MAY BE EXTINCT
GOLDEN SNUB NOSED MONKEY