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Transcript of Water Scarcity
children walking miles
diseases Water scarcity is the key problem
of the 21st century, like the water
cycle the lack of water has its own
cycle: food insecurity, energy insecurity,
increased poverty, the obstruction of
education. Water Scarcity: the lack of water in an area in which does not meet the basic human needs.
UN Resolution water scarcity, July 28,2010, at the United Nations General Assembly recognized human rights to water and sanitation Economic water scarcity, physical water scarcity Definition for physical water scarcity..... It means what it sounds like, the access to water is very limited Economic water scarcity....this type of water insecurity is caused when a population does not have the economic or monetary means to access and use of adequate water sources; it is the UNEQUAL DISTRIBUTION of the vital resource. Poverty and Food scarcity About 25,000 people die from hunger or
hunger related causes. Due to food
scarcity, India is home to 42% of the worlds underweight children. In 2005, 46% of children
underweight were aged under 3.
In every part of the world water is used
for many things, one example is
agriculture. With water scarcity
families in India and Africa don't get
the water they need to grow the food. UN Millenium Development Goals:
Goal 2: "Achieve universal primary education-reducing water related diseases which cost alot of school days each year"
http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/ the UN trying to help with water scarcity GOVERNMENT ISSUES RELATED TO WATER INSECURITY: Managing growing populations and increased urbanization, which puts greater strains on surface and ground water resources.
This type of growing urbanization in turn creates increased demand for agriculture and industrial products, which are water intensive.
Having the ability to treat sewage properly so that raw sewage and run off does not contaminate fresh water reserves.
Need to manage their existing water reserves so that citizens are not forced to cover large geographical areas in order to access and transport clean water, both labor and financially expensive.
Setting up local and national conservation programs, which they design, supervise, and implement.
Work with agriculture sectors to make productions of water intensive products like rice, wheat, and sugarcane more efficient; such as encouraging rain water harvesting and water shed due to the fact that agriculture takes up a high percentage of water usage.
Set up community based educational programs, which help area residents to protect, preserve, and collect water. Women's Rights
Water Scarcity and Women’s Rights
The job of collecting water falls on the women and girls in developing nations. Not only do they have to collect the water they have also have to do household chores, cook, wash and take care of the children which leaves them with no time to attend school or follow any type of career in the work force to support their family. This greatly affects the ongoing cycle of poverty and other economics because they are not allowed to add to economic well being of their nations. It is very physically dangerous for women and girls to collect water because there are frequent fights, wild animals, and criminals in their path. Conflicts
There are three main conflicts that arise from water scarcity: Authority Conflicts, Transboundrial Risk and Ethnic Tension. These are all problems that the government should address by promoting a spirit of cooperation and negotiation. Ethnic conflicts are when a developing nation such as Africa or India is very densely populated with many different ethnicities. The varied populations combined with the lack of clean water and sanitation puts a huge strain on cooperation between ethnic groups. Next there are authority conflicts, this when the public is frustrated with the government and the authorities because they feel their need for clean water is not being properly addressed. Lastly there are the Transboundrial Risks,this is when there is a shared water source such as a river that crosses between many countries. Some areas block the access to water sources for others by building such things as dams. Overconsumption
Overconsumption is a problem with agriculture, and many problems by wasting to much water with crops such as rice, wheat, and sugarcane. At the same, because of agriculture and overconsumption itself, both have caused:
Rivers become dry before reaching the ocean
Underground tables dry up
The cost of finding water rises
Agriculture is a big effect on overconsumption because since agriculture takes up 70% of the earth's water resources. Because of this farmers have used tubewells, which are 5 inch pipes that pump groundwater to the surface. But overconsumption itself has been caused by humans to, we have used water in a way that is unexplanable, we have gotten involved in every part of water scarcity from just buying to many gallons of water to using tubewells to help water reach our crops. Just by leaving the water in the sink is overconsumpting water, because all that water that we waste isn't reaching villages. And by the time the water reaches the river the river is dry, which means water doesn't get to reach the sea and then the water cycle can't process. It's all a cause and effect. The river is dry because every body makes this mistake, we all overconsume. Biodiversity and Climate Change
Biodiversity and climate change come hand in hand because as droughts step in water gets out. Because of irregular or even regular climate change, such as droughts, amount of rainfall each year or month the species of ganisms drop and drop because the amount of water that get to lakes, ponds, and rivers dams, and canals or any place any type of organisms habitat is low in healthy or any water. And that is because governments have low numbers in water resources or have started a new type of water resource and couldn't finish it because we overconsumpt it. Or because the government doesn't have the money to keep building the water resource. Because anything can be in poverty, which means that anybodys income is very low. Also as aquifers become losing aqua they become to sink that is because agrochemical pollution through runoff of phosphates and nitrates creates the overgrowth of algae which when decomposes removes the oxygen from the water that doesn't allow species to survive. ` Women's Rights risking health and some times lives
go to school
play with friends and siblings
instead of taking care of sick family or even themselves Agriculture India
Agricultural production growth is leading to greater water stress:
India is home to the most water intensive crop production like rice, wheat and, sugarcane, these crops take up 90% of India's production of crops. Another problem is te over-explotion of ground water, states with the highest production of rice/wheat are expected face ground water depletion of up to 75% by 2050. While the population is growing every day, more crops are being watered every day. Which leads to using more groundwater and surface water. And all farmers have used different methods to get CLEAN water to ther crops or just by getting water to their crops so they have been using tubewells. Agriculture Africa
Difference between Africa and India
One difference between Africa and India is that most of Africa depends on rainwater for the irrigation of their crops. Africans tend to lead a very agricultural lifestyle and the impact of water scarcity translates to a loss of food security. At this point much of rural Africa is not utilizing their current irrigation potential because of the lack of human and financial resources to support proper crop irrigation. By: Ella, Melissa, Shiloh, Gabe, Sam, and Kai There is plenty of food and water but families are traped in severe poverty. This means the families don't have the money to get water, pluming, food, electirity, Medical care Life Straw