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Road Map of Reconstruction

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Amanda Rodriguez

on 23 October 2014

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Transcript of Road Map of Reconstruction

1. On April 14, 1865, John Wilkes Booth, a famous actor and Confederate sympathizer, fatally shot President Abraham Lincoln at a play at Ford’s Theatre in Washington, D.C. -1865 (Reversed)
13th
Amendment
Approved
Start here
2. Thirteenth Amendment approved in January. Ratified in December. Abolished slavery in the United States. -1865 (Progress)
3. Congress establishes Freedmen's Bureau in March to provide assistance to the emancipated slaves. -1865 (Progress)
4. President Johnson presents plans for Reconstruction. -1865 (Progress and Reversed)
Mississippi enacts Black Code. 1865 (Reversed)
Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution approved by Congress. -1866 (Progress)
Fifteenth Amendment ratified. The Fifteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution gave the vote to all male citizens regardless of color or previous condition of servitude. 1870 (Progress)
Act to Enforce Fourteenth Amendment (Ku Klux Klan Act). 1871 (Progress)
Freedmen's Bureau abolished. 1872 (Reversed)
5. Ku Klux Klan created in Tennessee-1865 (Reversed)
Civil Rights Act passed despite Johnson's earlier veto. -1866 (Progress)
Freedmen's Bureau responsibilities and powers expanded by Congress. Legislation is vetoed by Johnson but Congress overrides his veto. -1866 (Progress)
Fourteenth Amendment ratified. Entitles all persons born or naturalized in the United States to citizenship and equal protection under the laws of the United States. 1868 (Progress)
Act to Enforce Fourteenth Amendment (Ku Klux Klan Act). 1874 (Reversed)
Blanche K. Bruce elected to U. S. Senate. 1874 (Progress)

Primary Source: "I do have two data identities. I have my name, Bruce Sterling, which is my public name under which I write novels. I also have my other name, which is my legal name under which I own property and vote" -Blanch K. Bruce (Progress)
March 1--Civil Rights Act enacted by Congress. It provides blacks with the right to equal treatment in public places and transportation 1875-1876 (Progress)
The Jim Crow laws were racial segregation laws enacted
in1876 (Reversed)
1878 is when some 200 southern blacks
charted a ship and sailed to Liberia
Secondary source: "thousands of black families left the south from Kansas in the "Exodus of 1879."
Secondary Source
"By the early 1870s, the system known as sharecropping had come to dominate agriculture across the cotton-planting South." (Progress)
Secondary Source: "After 1865, a number of northerners moved to the South to purchase land, lease plantations or partner with down-and-out planters in the hopes of making money from cotton."
Primary Source
The Compromise of 1877, was a purported informal, unwritten deal that settled the intensely disputed 1876 U.S. presidential election, pulled federal troops out of state politics in the South, and ended the Reconstruction Era. Through the Compromise, Republican Rutherford B. Hayes was awarded the White House over Democrat Samuel J.
Grandfather Clause voting 1876
(Progress and Reversed)
Primary Source
"In 1873, the U.S. Supreme Court examined the 14th Amendment in the Slaughterhouse Case."
Good for the blacks

I would say... No, African American had a hard time in the South, whether it was from the KKK to Jim Crow Laws, They didn't get a chance to even vote at one point. They didn't get the protection that they needed after the Compromise of 1877. Blacks couldn't handle the stress and decided to leave, maybe they would get a better life in the north or in Africa.

Do you think Reconstruction was successful?
Road Map of Reconstruction
End Here
Plessy Vs Ferguson
Can the states constitutionally enact legislation requiring persons of different races to use “separate but equal” segregated facilities? 1896 (Reversed)
Primary Source:
The white men read a paper to all of us colored people telling us that we were free and could go where we pleased and work for who we pleased.

Share cropping (when they weren't getting enough money to supply themselves)
Sharecropping occurred extensively in colonial Africa, Scotland, and Ireland and came into wide use in the Southern United States during the Reconstruction era (1865–1877) (Progress)

Some of Johnson plans for Reconstruction Pardons would be granted to those taking a loyalty oath
No pardons would be available to high Confederate officials and persons owning property valued in excess of $20,000
A state needed to abolish slavery before being readmitted
A state was required to repeal its secession ordinance before being readmitted.

1865 - (Reversed and Progress)
Carpet Baggers

"After 1865, a number of northerners moved to the South to purchase land, lease plantations or partner with down-and-out planters in the hopes of making money from cotton" (Progress and Reversed)
Redeemers
In the 1870s, southern Democrats began to muster more political power as former Confederates began to vote again. It was a movement that gathered energy up until the Compromise of 1877 (Pay fee
In order to vote) (Reversed)
The Radical Republicans believed blacks were entitled to the same political rights and opportunities as whites. They also believed that the Confederate leaders should be punished for their roles in the Civil War. Leaders 1866 (Progress)
Amanda Rodriguez
Full transcript