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Transcript of Artificial Insemination
http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_hUAcTy3gdGI/SvkZEO51R9I/AAAAAAAAAHQ/yKlDZ3UVnGY/s320/ovarian-cyst-more-condition_treatment.jpg Types: Intracervical (ICI) Intrauterine (IUI) Intravaginal (IVI) Intratubal (ITI) The sperm is injected into or right before the cervix This procedure is the most common type of insemination. Sperm from the spouse or donor is inserted through a catheter into the uterus. This procedure is painless and brief. This is the least common type of artificial Insemination, it is also the least invasive of all the types of insemination. The procedure for IVI is very simple and can be done at home. The sperm is taken into a syringe and inserted into the vagina. The procedure for ITI is when they insert the sperm into the fallopian tubes. This can be done in two ways: intercervically or more invasively through laparoscopic surgery. In the laparoscopic surgery, an incision is made into the abdomen and a camera is inserted to find the fallopian tubes, once located sperm is injected through a catheter into the fallopian tubes. This type of insemination is best for women who don’t have any problems physically (aka: no problems with cervical mucus, inconsistent ovulation, or sperm quality) In intrauterine insemination it creates a higher chance of pregnancy, people who may chose this type of insemination do so because there aren’t enough sperm making it to the uterus through intercourse, so with the IUI there is a higher chance of fertilization due to the fact that the sperm is injected straight into the uterus. This type of insemination is usually used by couples who have problems with ejaculation during intercourse. Used for women who have cervical mucous and/or inconsistent ovulation problems. Why: Why: Why: Why: This type can become as high as 86%, however, due to multiple cycles that a woman may go through before becoming pregnant, it can lower the chance to be 5-20% for one cycle. Success rate: Success rate: this has similar success rates as that of the IUI, thus making the success rate about 5-20%. There needs to be more research done by scientists to truly determine the success rate of this type. Success rate: Success rate: There is a 50% success rate. Success rates are in the region of 5-10% per treatment cycle Risks: The risks associated with each procedure are similar for the four types. In an IUI the risks are low because it is a safe procedure. However, for all of the procedures, the risks may include infection of the fallopian tubes.
Also another risk can be multiple pregnancies. This is due to the fertility drugs that a woman takes before becoming pregnant. These drugs stimulate ovulation and they can trigger the release of multiple eggs.
Risks of sperm quality. The woman may get an STD if the semen is infected with Chlamydia that may go undetected during screening examinations. Also, the sperm may have bacteria if it’s not washed correctly before going into the cervix. 2011. Artificial Insemination. (Retrieved 2011, May 1). http://www.ehow.com/facts_5407797_risks-artificial-insemination-women.html
2011. Intrauterine Insemination IUI. (Retrieved 2011, May1). http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/intrauterine-insemination/MY00104/DSECTION=risks
2010. Artificial Insemination Success Rate. (Retrieved 2011, May 1). http://www.artificialinsemination.net/?p=21
2011. All About Artificial Insemination Success Rates. (Retrieved 2011, May 1). http://attainfertility.com/article/artificial-insemination-success
Wanda Thibodeaux, . (2011, September). Types of artificial insemination in humans. Retrieved from http://www.ehow.com/about_5057777_types-artificial-insemination-humans.html
UC Davis Health System, . (2011). Artificial insemination program. Retrieved from http://www.ucdmc.ucdavis.edu/fertility/artificial_insemination/
Mikio A. Nihira, MD, . (2011, May). Infertility and artificial insemination. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/infertility-and-reproduction/guide/artificial-insemination
Sources: By: Becca Bowser and Anes Karic