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Scientific Revolution

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Dan Honeycutt

on 16 May 2017

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Transcript of Scientific Revolution

Roots of the Scientific Revolution
Brahe
Results
The Scientific
Revolution

Copernicus
Charted the positions of 750 stars.

Kept accurate detailed records so it can help future scientist.
Scientific thinking is used to improve all aspects of society.
Said the Earth revolved around the sun. A "heliocentric" theory.
People believed explanations about the world given by ancient Greek writers and the Catholic Church
Before the Scientific Revolution
Roots of Scientific Revolution
Kepler
Galileo
Renaissance Humanism

-Focused on Greek and Roman ideas
-Focused on the importance of education and learning
Doubt in Greek Authority
Planets orbit in an elliptical, or oval fashion rather than circle like Copernicus stated.
Columbus' discovery of the new world led to doubt of Greek authority and a better understanding of the world.
Ptolemy's Map
Planets move faster when closer to the sun.
Map 50 years after Columbus
Sir Issac Newton
Discovered Craters
on the Moon with his
telescope.
Developed the law of gravity and the laws of motion.
Performed experiments to test his theories.
Agreed with Heliocentric theory which got him in trouble with the church.
Father of experimental science.
Newton wrote Principia Mathematica
-Simplified the works of all the previous scientist and added his own observations
- Invented Calculus
-Discovered light was made of the colors of the rainbow
"For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction"
The Scientific Method:
1) Why 4) Test Hypothesis
2) Gather information 5) Record and analyze
3) Form a hypothesis 6) Draw conclusions
Francis Bacon
Rene Descartes
-Observe and gather information
-Experiment and collect data
-develop theories and do more experiments
-doubt everything until proven with reason
-the world follows physical laws
The Scientific Method came from the ideas of 2 men
Inventions
The Tools of the Scientific Revolution:
-Microscope
-Thermometer
-Telescope
_Barometer
-Philosophers use reason with society's problems:
Poverty, war, and government
-Observation (Hypothesis)
-Natural laws? All people equal? Leads to democracy
-Conflict of Science and Religion (but most scientists were Christian)
-Trial of Galileo
-Contradicting the Church
-weakened the Church
"And yet it does move"
Full transcript