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Mary Peace

on 27 November 2014

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Transcript of THESIS

General Objective
This study will identify the strategies that a specific teacher puts into practice to motivate teenage EFL students in an Iquiquenian subsidized school.
Zoltán Dörnyei
- He is a professor of Psycholinguistics at the University of Nottingham.

- He is Hungarian.

- He has published many books, articles and investigations related to motivation in second language learning.

- He has won many Academic Awards for his work on motivation.

Identification of the problem
- English has become the international language, and it is the most prominent second language.

- An important lack of interest and motivation is recognized in students in high school classrooms.

- Williams and Burden (2001) Lack of motivation
related to external and
internal factors

- It describes and analyzes strategies to motivate high school
EFL learners under the framework of Dörnyei's theory

- It focuses on an observation, a checklist, and an interview given to
a high school teacher.

- The motivation is a recognized teacher who makes successful
use of motivational strategies in his classes

- Dörnyei and Csizér created Ten Commandments for
Motivating Language Learners

It is a descriptive and qualitative case study.
Individual characteristics:
- Gender: Male
- Age: 40 years old.
General characteristics:
- Teaching 14 years.
- Teaching experience in USA.
- Participant in Iquique Teachers Network
- Cambridge examiner
- CORFO instructor.
Instruments and Data Analysis
- It is divided in four sections related to personal and academic information.
- From "Motivational strategies in the language classroom." by Zoltan Dorneyi.
- Six hours of Observation in 10th, 11th and 12th grades assessed by a rubric.
These Commandments
were determined after realizing
that research has not
developed practical strategies
to apply in the EFL classroom.

Specific Objectives
- To observe a teacher's
specific strategies and techniques to motivate teenage EFL students.

- To determine if the TCFMLL are applicable and useful in the Iquiquenian context.
How do you motivate teens?
- Positive reinforcement

- Teacher's attitude (good sense of humor)

- Students' confidence

Orientations and Types of Motivation
Motivation Involves the factors why people decide to do something.

According to Ryan & Deci (2000), Gardner (2006), and Dörnyei there are two motivational orientations and two types of motivation.

Orientation Reasons for studying a second language

Motivation Personal impetus a person has to learn
- Integrative orientation

- Instrumental orientation

- Intrinsic motivation

- Extrinsic motivation
Positive disposition
towards the L2 community
Advantages of learning
the L2 in terms of its
practical value (getting
a better job)
The feeling of
satisfaction when doing
something the learner
considers is enjoyable

To achieve an objective
in anticipation of a
material or abstract
reward from outside
According to the Chilean national
curriculum the most important reasons to learn English are based on extrinsic and instrumental motivations.
- To function effectively in the current globalized world.
- Grades and praises are the main extrinsic motivators.

Discussion and Conclusion
The teacher uses the Ten Commandments for motivating language learners.

Unawareness of certain characteristics of his own performance.

Commandment 1: Set a personal example with his own behavior

The teacher was aware of his influence on students.

Constant good attitude and enthusiasm.

Use of different accessories related to L2.

Students were encouraged to speak the L2 inside and outside the classroom.

Commandment 2: Develop a good relationship with the learners.

Teacher cared about personal and healthy problems.

Teacher took into consideration students' opinions.

Empathic and respectful relationship with the students.

Commandment 3: Create a pleasant, relaxed atmosphere in the classroom.

Pleasant and supportive atmosphere.

Rules and consequences established at the beginning of the school year.

Mistakes were allowed as a natural part of the learning process

Constant sense of humor.

Commandment 4: Familiarize learners with the target language culture.

English was emphasized all the time.

Culturally authentic material.

Encouragement of an independent exploration of the L2 culture.

Commandment 5: Increase learners' goal-orientedness.

Class objective wrote and oriented every class.

Attention from time to time to the class goals.

Achievable goals according to students’ abilities.

Commandment 6: Make the language classes interesting.

Variety of tasks, including trivias, competences and games.

Focus on motivational flow and not just in the information flow.

The teacher did unexpected things constantly.

Commandment 7: Personalize the learning process

Attractive information, topics and activities according to students’ interests.

Use of personal experiences and situations that had happened in classes to explain content.

Commandment 8: Present the tasks properly

Explanation of the purpose and utility of the task.

Modeling of the task.

Attention to interesting facts from content and books.

Strategies to carry out the task.

Commandment 9: Increase the learners' linguistic self-confidence

Variety of activities.

Games to motivate and release students' anxiety.

Appropriate difficulty of tasks.

Commandment 10: Promote learner autonomy

Teacher as a facilitator.

Teacher handed over leadership roles to students.

Students’ opinions were taken into consideration.

Students were allowed to organize activities by themselves.

The Ten Commandments are

to motivate students in an Iquiquenian subsidized school.

Positive reaction, disposition and enthusiasm from students to carry out activities and tasks.

The Commandments that influence the most in students’ motivation are:

Commandment 2: Develop a good relationship with the learners.

Commandment 3: Create a pleasant and relaxed atmosphere.

Commandment 6: Make the language classes interesting.

Ten Commandments for Motivating Language Learners
1. Set a personal example with his own behavior:

2. Develop a good relationship with the learners:

3. Create a pleasant, relaxed atmosphere in the

4. Familiarize learners with the target language culture:

5. Increase the learners' goal-orientedness:

6. Make the language classes interesting:

7. Personalize the learning process:

8. Present the tasks properly:

9. Increase the learners' linguistic self-confidence:

10. Promote learners' autonomy:
Variety of tasks


Students' control
According to Maslow and Brown
intrinsic motivation is clearly superior
to extrinsic motivation.
self-determined to get
to the long retention memory of linguistic
aspects of the foreign language

The Ten Commandments are essential for:

Creating the appropriate motivational conditions
in the classroom.

Generating an initial motivation on students.

Maintaining this motivation along the lesson.

MOTIVATION A key aspect for English teaching

English teachers should use the Ten Commandments for:

Improving their methodology

Innovating with new techniques

Increasing EFL learners' motivation

Full transcript