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Transcript of Nathaniel Hawthorne
How did the puritan heritage influence him?
Had a Puritan family background.
One of his forefathers, John Hathorne, was one of the three judges that had presided over the Salem witchcraft trials of 1692.
John Hathorne was the only judge that did not repent his actions in the years following the trials.
His other ancestor, William Hathorne, was in the Salem militia and a speaker in the House of Delegates.
Since Nathaniel was so ashamed of his ancestors’ actions, he changed his last name by adding a ‘w’.
How did Hawthorne perceive nature?
Puritans were known for being very hypocritical and intolerant.
Hawthorne conveys nature in his writings to be a place where others could get away from civilization.
The Puritans known for being of an unsympathetic one. The main character, Hester Prynne, in one of Hawthorn's most famous pieces, The Scarlet Letter, was a young girl who committed adultery in her town. Around her, people in her environment would snicker about how she was a sinner. So she sought freedom in nature in order to get away from all the people who judged her.
What was his opinion of women writers?
Started off as misogynist but then respected women
Depicts women as internally complex
Deemed more worthy as a writer than Susan Warner because he was male
Women were dominant in Salem and he was surrounded by them
His families and teachers led him to believe that all women were private and submissive.
By: Ashley Cozzi, Caroline D'Albero
Matilda D'Orlando, and Megan Rankin
Common themes that appear in his works.
“Being human”, meaning that humans will make mistakes and that they are not perfect.
How he relates to The Crucible:
his great-grandfather was a court magistrate for the witch trials, and he lived in Salem Massachusetts.
Had same message in books--society is evil and unjust
Nathaniel's father dealt with the witch trials which is what the play is all about
His ancestor was one of the major characters who sentenced witches to execution in the play.
Hawthorne's early life and family
Short story writer/ American novelist
Born July 4th 1804
Died May 19th 1864 at the age of 59
Born in Salem, Massachusetts
Son of Nathaniel Hathorne and Elizabeth Clarke Manning
In 1808, his father died of Yellow Fever on a voyage to Suriname, causing the family to move into a new house in Salem. (Nathaniel called this house Castle Dismal)
Educated by his uncle, he showed an early interest in writing
By 1820 and the age of 16, he published a newspaper entitled “The Spectator”