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Actors, Theatres, and Playwrights of the Victorian Era

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Diamond Jackson

on 20 November 2015

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Transcript of Actors, Theatres, and Playwrights of the Victorian Era

The Lyceum
The Lyceum was built in 1765, but officially licensed in 1809. Then, obtaining permission to stage opera and other musical dramas. The Lyceum was then renamed The English Opera House.The Lyceum was named after the Greek philosopher Aristotle. Samuel Beazley had the theatre rebuilt six years later, but it was then destroyed by fire in 1830. On July 14, 1834 it was rebuilt with its main entrance appearing on Wellington Street. There were many plays produced here in The Lyceum. One of the actors were Sir Henry Irving who starred as the complex villain Mathias on Leopold David Lewis's The Bells.
The Haymarket
The Haymarket King's Theatre Opera House was built by the theatrical impresario, architect, and playwright SirJohn Vanbrugh. The Haymarket was first opened on April 9, 1705. The theatre was destroyed by a fire in 1789 and was then rebuilt and used exclusively for opera. When Queen Victoria came to power in 1837, the manager Ben Webster re-named it "Her Majesty's.There were many Shakespearean plays showed at this theatre, and five plays with Dion Bouciclaut.
The Adelphi
The Adelphi was built in 1806 opposite of Adam Street by a merchant named John Scott, as the Sans Pareil to showcase his daughter's theatrical talents. In 1814, the theatre was given a new facade and redecorated. It was the re-opened on October 18, 1819 as the Adelphi named after the imposing complex of West London streets builtby the brothers named Robert, James, and Adam. The word 'Adelphoi' means 'the brothers' in Greek. The Adelphi was known for melodramas and dramatic adaptations. There were many actors who performed on this stage such as the famous Anglo-Irish dramatist, Dion Boucicault in 1860, 1861, 1875, and 1880. The building was then under the management of Madame Celeste and comedian Ben Webster. Ten years later, the old building was demolished to make way for a larger theatre. Dion Boucicault staged many plays in the Adelphi.
Play of Herod
Play of Herod, one of the themes in liturgical music drama in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. It is also known in various sources as the Officium stellae or Officium regum trium. The play represents the journey of the Magi to Herod's court and their visit to the newborn Christ.The Herod play is intended for performance on Epiphany (6 January) and is usually followed in the manuscript sources by plays of the Holy Innocents ("Slaughter of the Innocents" or Ordo Rachelis).

Dion Boucicault
Dion Boucicault first had many of his plays produced in the English capital at twelve theatres: The Princess's, The Adelphi, The Haymarket, Drury Lane, Covent Garden, The Gaiety, St. James's, The Westminster, The Lyceum, Astley's, The Holborn, and The Olympia. He had hundreds of plays, but here are some small examples: The Bastile which was produced in December 1842 as an afterpiece at the Haymarket in London. The Wonderful Water Cure which was made in 1846, A Dark Night's Work was produced in London at The Princess's Theatre in 1870, and Hunted Down was also produced in London in November of 1866 , Ganevieve or The Reign of Terror was produced in London at The Adelphi Theatre in June of 1853, and lastly La Dame de Pique or The Vampire (also called The Phantom) was produced in London at The Princess's Theatre on June 14, 1852, and published in French's Standard Drama.

Visial Aids
Lady Windermere's Fan
Actors, Theatres, and Playwrights of the Victorian Era
Theatres
The Giatey
The first Giatey Theater, built in The Strand in 1868, was managed by JohnHollingshead with a mixed bill that included W. S. Gilbert's burlesque of the opera Robert le Diable. Here in 1869 Charles Dickens, who prided himself on his knowledge of nineteenth-century London theatre productions, saw his last play before his death in 1870 at age 58
Plays and Writers
Oscar Wilde
Wilde attended Magdalen College, Oxford, where as a disciple of Walter Pater he participated in the Aesthetic Movement, which advocated "art for art's sake." His aesthetic idiosyncrasies (such as his wearing his hair long, dressing colourfully, and carrying flowers while lecturing) Gilbert and Sullivan parodied in the operetta Patience (1881), for which Wilde acted as a "front man" by delivering lectures on aetheticism in advance the road tour. After his marriage to Constance Lloyd (image) in 1884, Wilde published several children's books, and in 1891 the tale of a hedonistic Adonis with the tormented soul of a satyr, The Picture of Dorian Gray. In a brilliant series of domestic comedies — Lady Windermere's Fan (1892), A Woman of No Importance (1893), and an Ideal Husband (1894)
The Play of Daniel
The Play of Daniel was a musical that was based off of Old Testament material. According to the article, the Play of Daniel was presenting the biblical story of Daniel. It consists of musical in the form of the liturgical prosa. The play is not able to be identified with a specific day in the liturgical calendar, but seems to be performed during Advent or the week of Christmas.
Bibliography
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