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Alexander Graham Bell

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Amanda L-O

on 12 October 2012

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Transcript of Alexander Graham Bell

Alexander "Aleck" Graham Bell: Death: He passed away peacefully by his wife on August 2, 1922
at Beinn Bhreagh in Baddeck, Nova Scotia Family Education and Experience Places Lived/ Travelled Famous Figures Associated with Bell Interests/Hobbies Challenges Inventions, Innovations, and Other Notable Achievements Famous Quotes Modern Day Equivalency Tim Berners-Lee: A Parody of "Telephone" Originally by Lady Gaga ft. Beyoncé Inventor of the telephone and more The Bell family had careers and disabilities tied into sound and speech Grandfather: Alexander Bell - Actor
- Speech Therapist Father: Alexander Melville Bell - Speech teacher to hearing and speech impaired people
- Created the writing system called "Visible Speech" Symbols that represented the different positions of the components of the mouth and throat in speaking Visible Speech Alphabet Mother: Eliza Grace Symonds Bell - Talented pianist
- Portrait painter *Eliza was hearing impaired and used an ear tube for assistance in hearing Older Brother: Melville "Melly" James Bell Younger Brother: Edward "Ted" Charles Bell - Music
- Chess
- Teaching others
- Different ways of communications
- Aviation - Worked with their father
- Died of tuberculosis at the ages of 25 and 19 - Mostly homeschooled by mother
- Excelled at problem solving
- For the most part, an average student
- Family taught him about his/her's own careers/interests
- Participated and studied in Father and Grandfather's classes
- Because his mother and wife were both hearing impaired, he learned new methods of communication from them
- Formal education:
One year of private school
Two years at Edinburgh's Royal High School Wife: Mabel Hubbard (Bell) His Own Family Younger Daughter: Marian "Daisy" Bell Older Daughter: Elsie Bell -Came from a wealthy family
- Campaigned for women's suffrage
- Helped with the business aspects of her
husband's inventions

- How they met: Mabel was also hearing impaired, and at the age of 15, she started getting help from Alexander Graham. They eventually became close. The portrait was created by Alexander Graham's mother Sons: Edward & Robert Bell "To Alexander Graham Bell
Who has taught the deaf to speak and enabled the listening ear to hear speech from the Atlantic and the Rockies," Alexander Graham and his two brothers - Died as newborns Alexander Graham, Father, and Grandfather Helen Keller: Helen Keller with Alexander Graham Bell and her teacher, Anne Sullivan - Famous for being the first person who was visually and hearing impaired to obtain a B.A.

- Met with Bell to discuss the schools that she could attend that offered the help she needed. Bell brought her to Annie Sullivan
- Became great friends with Bell
- Dedicated her autobiography "The Story of My Life" to Bell. She wrote: In memorial of Bell, all telephone lines were closed for one minute. President James Garfield - Assassinated in 1881
- Just as he was shot, Bell was called in to help locate the bullets to take them out. His newly invented metal detector, the telephonic probe he was trying on Garfield did not work, and Garfield died shortly after. Lived until he was 75 yrs old Born: March 3, 1847 in Edinburgh, Scotland Comparisons Creator of the World Wide Web From this... To a product of Bell's work... And presently to Tim Berners-Lee's creations Both...
- Improved communications by an enormous amount.

- Eventually made their products/sevices available to the general public.

- Did not invent for the wealth, but for the greater good. 1. Born and raised in well-populated city of Edinburgh Scotland (1847- 1863) and taught in Elgin, Scotland from 1863-1865

2. Family moved to London, England (1865-1870). This is where Bell's brothers passed away.

3. Family emigrated to Brantford, Ontario in July 1870

4. Moved to Boston, Massachusetts in the latter part of 1870

5. While living in Boston, he travelled throughout the U.S, Southern Ontario, and various parts of Europe promoting his work.

6. Purchased a property and made a summer home in Baddeck, Nova Scotia (1885-1922) - The tragic death of...
His two brothers at a young age
Both of his newborn sons *The upcoming example of the evolution of communication is exaggerated Modes of Transportation Overseas - Ship
Inland - To populated cities: Train
- To more remote areas: Horse and buggy or by foot Bell's mansion contained 11 fireplaces "A man, as a general rule, owes very little to what he is born with - a man is what he makes of himself." "Mr. Watson — Come here — I want to see you" The first words spoken over Bell's telephone In my opinion, I think Bell is meaning that even though he grew up with a family who influenced him greatly in his lifework, it was up to his choices to become someone even better "Sometimes we stare so long at a door that is closing that we see too late the one that is open." Kites
Airplanes Careers - Assistant teacher for his Father and Grandfather's "Visible Speech" and elocution classes - Teacher of...
the speech and hearing impaired at the "Boston School for Deaf Mutes"
Vocal Physiology and Elocution at Boston University - Inventor
Toured and lectured around the world to promote his inventions. Emotional: - Coping with a hearing impaired mother and wife (although he was very suitable in this situation) (Alexander Graham Bell style) - Telephone
- Photophone
- Audiometer
- Graphophone
Adapted from of Thomas Edison's Phonograph

- "American Association to Promote the Teaching of Speech to the Deaf" and became their 1st president

- Place of research on hearing impairment called the Volta Bureau

-Aerial Experiment Association (AEA)
Formed group with four other men

- National Geographic Society
When president, he added photos to the magazines and sales increased greatly In his lifetime, Alexander Graham Bell was awarded 24 medals and 12 degrees. Physical: -Experimented with this in his late years Transportation: Auditory and Verbal Devices
- Distilling device
- Vacuum jacket
-Many toys but were not patented Other Inventions - Produced many different kites with pyramid shaped "cells" (tetrahedrons) wrapped in silk Example: "Frost King" This carried a man about 9m into the air - Bell and his AEA created airplanes that had been the 1st...
Public flight in North America
To set a record for 300m in flying distance
Airplane flight in Canada and the British Empire The AEA's most effective plane, "The Silver Dart" Helped found/endorse... *Edison also improved telephone by adding a microphone Flight Navigation in Water - Constructed boats that floated on top of the water (hydrodomes)with inventor Casey Baldwin -A world record was set for water speed in 1919 when one of their hydrodomes (HD-4) reached 112km/hr Their hydrodome had a structure much like the wings of an airplane - Since many inventions were occurring around this time, it was difficult to be the very first one to create and patent an invention
Example: -Although Bell obtained the patent on the telephone, Elisha Gray requested it only hours after Bell. - He spent 18 years battling in court to keep his claim on the telephone - Bell had ideas of his inventions, but not necessarily all of the engineering skills because he did not have a great education (although great experience). So, Bell had to rely on his assistant, Thomas Watson for the physical creation of his ideas. Bell making the first call between New York and Chicago Bibliography: "Alexander Graham Bell (1847 - 1922)." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 4 Oct. 2012.
<http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/bell_alexander_graham.shtml>. Lindsay, David. "People and Events: Alexander Graham Bell." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. MacLeod, Elizabeth. Alexander Graham Bell: An Inventive Life. Toronto: Kids Can, Pasachoff, Naomi E. Alexander Graham Bell: Making Connections. New York: Keller, Helen. "Dedication." Introduction. The Story of My Life. New York: Bantam 4 Oct.2012. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/telephone/peopleevents/
pande01.html>. 1999. Print. Oxford UP, 1996. Print. Dell, 1990. N. pag. Print. Telephone: A History (A Lady Gaga Parody). Dir. Phil Rosenberg. YouTube. YouTube, 14 Dec. 2010. Web. 7 Oct.2012. <https://www.youtube.com/wat
ch?v=vG_PlJ0SiaU>. Links to Some of The Quotes http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/a/alexanderg389218.html

http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/a/alexander_graham_bell.html Links to Some of the Pictures *Note: the rest are located in the above sources http://www.google.ca/imgres?um=1&hl=en&biw=1920&bih=934&tbm=isch&tbnid=rxz0B4Tgf9ShLM:&imgrefurl=http://www.rcaf-arc.forces.gc.ca/v2/equip/hst/silverdart-eng.asp&docid=gaK32XZTWvQb3M&imgurl=http://www.rcaf-arc.forces.gc.ca/v2/equip/resrc/images/hst/l-g/silverdta29.jpg&w=640&h=480&ei=y2d2UOTPDeiWiQKC8oCIBQ&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=437&sig=111250058366369429747&page=1&tbnh=133&tbnw=153&start=0&ndsp=44&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0,i:68&tx=44&ty=49
http://www.google.ca/imgres?num=10&hl=en&biw=1920&bih=934&tbm=isch&tbnid=B3AYOIayfazlVM:&imgrefurl=http://gardenofpraise.com/agbell6.htm&docid=_mm9ZF7vaDN00M&imgurl=http://gardenofpraise.com/images2/agbell6.jpg&w=700&h=438&ei=qnB2UJXCFs_iigLApoGIDA&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=163&vpy=154&dur=966&hovh=177&hovw=284&tx=145&ty=79&sig=111250058366369429747&page=1&tbnh=127&tbnw=169&start=0&ndsp=58&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0,i:71

http://www.google.ca/imgres?um=1&hl=en&sa=X&biw=1920&bih=934&tbm=isch&tbnid=3guZJy0BOg9RIM:&imgrefurl=http://www.myhero.com/hero.asp%3Fhero%3DBell_memorial_ms_06&docid=d6fffzaeUofNwM&imgurl=http://www.myhero.com/images/guest/g28699/hero27675/g28699_u28278_bell.jpg&w=346&h=260&ei=tXZ2UP3jIc_YigKm7YDYCA&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=362&sig=111250058366369429747&page=1&tbnh=139&tbnw=187&start=0&ndsp=56&ved=1t:429,r:20,s:0,i:129&tx=107&ty=103

http://www.google.ca/imgres?um=1&hl=en&biw=1920&bih=934&tbm=isch&tbnid=yxrpecD6Vw60lM:&imgrefurl=http://www.pc.gc.ca/eng/lhn-nhs/ns/grahambell/natcul/natcul2b/photo10.aspx&docid=ZRMgLlpXi72V1M&imgurl=http://www.pc.gc.ca/~/media/lhn-nhs/ns/grahambell/32.ashx&w=445&h=517&ei=afp0UJ38D-KYiALBkoGIDw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=876&vpy=136&dur=343&hovh=140&hovw=127&tx=102&ty=115&sig=111250058366369429747&page=1&tbnh=140&tbnw=127&start=0&ndsp=54&ved=1t:429,r:4,s:0,i:80
http://www.google.ca/imgres?start=0&um=1&hl=en&sa=N&biw=1920&bih=934&tbm=isch&tbnid=suqntJUf3vhfuM:&imgrefurl=http://best-breezes.squarespace.com/alexander-graham-bell-tetrah/&docid=yG4Me7atorzRBM&imgurl=http://best-breezes.squarespace.com/storage/a_g_bell/Bell-tetrahedral-kite.gif&w=163&h=178&ei=V2R2UKTWB6KDiwL6toDABA&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=980&vpy=644&dur=782&hovh=142&hovw=130&tx=59&ty=102&sig=111250058366369429747&page=1&tbnh=142&tbnw=130&ndsp=51&ved=1t:429,r:57,s:0,i:24
http://www.google.ca/imgres?um=1&hl=en&biw=1920&bih=934&tbm=isch&tbnid=mwN23DLV5fw79M:&imgrefurl=http://www.huntington.org/huntingtonlibrary_02.aspx%3Fid%3D10450&docid=khXZ8c892J1dRM&imgurl=http://www.huntington.org/uploadedImages/Files/images/empire_locomotive_lg.jpg&w=550&h=404&ei=o0p2UMz1F4L1iQKauIHoAQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=1107&vpy=150&dur=3944&hovh=192&hovw=262&tx=162&ty=134&sig=111250058366369429747&page=1&tbnh=133&tbnw=177&start=0&ndsp=47&ved=1t:429,r:5,s:0,i:83
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http://www.google.ca/imgres?start=64&um=1&hl=en&sa=N&biw=1920&bih=934&tbm=isch&tbnid=F0q_sDBazopXKM:&imgrefurl=http://fun.yukozimo.com/facts-about-alexander-graham-bell/&docid=h7XvCZ7H3lopIM&imgurl=http://1.yukozimo.com/nt/5685-2.jpg&w=466&h=314&ei=JW11UJ-9EOGmiQK32oG4DQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=1514&vpy=503&dur=1270&hovh=184&hovw=274&tx=210&ty=94&sig=111250058366369429747&page=2&tbnh=148&tbnw=194&ndsp=74&ved=1t:429,r:50,s:64,i:160
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