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YouTube

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by

Marissa Surdu-Miller

on 29 January 2014

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Transcript of YouTube

YouTube was founded on February 14th 2005 by Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, and Jawed Karim, who were all early employees of PayPal.

YouTube
Music videos can offer a positive form of entertainment, especially when artists promote positive values through their music and through the imagery included in the video. Examples of this would be Bruno Mars' song "Just the way you are" or One Directions' "What makes you beautiful". These videos promote values of self-respect, respect and love for others, compassion, and learning to have a high self-esteem and self-worth.
Self-challenges are empowering and self-esteem boosting. Athletic challenges are good for ones health and promote a healthy life-style to those watching- as well as challenge their viewers to try the same tricks or achievements. These sorts of videos are growing especially famous in the seven-second
Vine
form, but they also appear in YouTube compilations.
Athletic Challenges
Many experimental challenges are becoming world-wide fads among social media users. These challenges are typically unhealthy and full of risks. Challenges are filmed (usually by young people) and uploaded to YouTube to "show-off" that the up-loaders either simply attempted or succeeded in the challenge. The most popular challenges to be spread across YouTube are:
The Cinnamon Challenge, The Knife Song, Milk Gallon Challenge, Chubby Bunny Challenge, Salt & Ice Challenge, Baking soda & Vinegar Challenge, Baby Food Challenge, Condom Snorting Challenge, and the Tin Can Challenge
A very popular type of video to have surfaced within the past few years is "challenges". While some YouTube users film themselves successfully completing a self-challenge of "shooting a hoop" from far away, or by completeing difficult soccer tricks,others choose to film themselves completing experiments (some of which are very dangerous to one's health) simply to prove that they will be the ones to accomplish it.
YouTube can be a place where people worldwide share their inspirational stories of progress on weight loss, medical issues such as cancer, and even touching animal rescue videos.
Challenges
Experimental Challenges / Social Media Challgenges
There are many YouTube videos meant to leave viewers inspired, hopeful, and in tears.

Cancer patients keep viewers updated on their battle- and weather they lose or win their battle with cancer (or any other terminal illness), their stories are meant to inspire and teach.

Animal rescue videos are the worst for bringing on the tears. YouTube features many videos showing animals being rescued from abusive homes, animals being captured and nursed to health, and animals being freed from an awaiting death. Most of these videos have a happy ending.
An unfortunately sad use of YouTube is "Suicide Letters" where teens ask for either support or "likes" on their video to discourage them from going through with their plans. A very popular YouTube user who ended up taking her life after several videos; each one her condition worsenening was Olivia Penepraze. She had many YouTube users following her story.

After her death, her parents were horrified with how many YouTube subscribers and watchers she had- yet noone had made any effort to contact someone to help her.

Amanda Todd's suicide made headlines for her pre-planned suicide and depressing videos of her situation that were posted on YouTube just before she took her life.

With real suicides occuring after these YouTube suicide letters it can be hard to pick out the attention seekers from those who truly need help.
Music Videos with positive values
YouTube is a video-sharing website available to people all over the world with an account or not.People of all ages and professions use YouTube. The types of videos and their purposes that people post on YouTube vary, and there are many different uses of YouTube.
The issue that I will be discussing is if the use of YouTube is a positive or negative influence on viewers' lives, and if the videos people choose to watch will affect their values and actions that they see demonstrated in YouTube videos.I will do this by examining each common type of video uploaded by world-wide users, and by providing my assessment of the positives and negatives of each type of video.
Music Videos with negative values
Although there are other video sharing websites like Hulu and Vevo, YouTube is by far the most visited with...

-Over 1 billion different visitors on the site each month
-Over 6 billion hours of videos watched each month
-100 hours of video uploaded each minute
-Millions of subscriptions each day.
If product placement works on viewers, then wouldn't it make sense
that you will use the values and ideas portrayed in the songs that
you sing along to?
Music videos can also offer a negatively influential form of entertainment, especially when artists promote negative values in their video and through their lyrics in their songs. Examples of this would be the music videos "Bitches ain't shit" by YG and Tyga, "Birthday Song" by 2 Chainz, where both music videos objectify women, portray women in a derogatory and degrading way, and promote the use of sexist terms to describe women. In my two examples, you hear derogatory terms within the first 10 seconds of the video.
Music Videos
Music videos are posted on YouTube by artists in order to sell their album and make money off of their YouTube partnership. This means that the money made from advertisements on the music video's YouTube page, or advertisements that are put before the video begins, is shared with the artist according to the number of views their music video accumulates.

Currently, the most watched YouTube videos of all time are ...
1. Gangnam Style - PSY (1,879,575,441 views)
2. Baby - Justin Bieber (967,567,779 views)
3. On The Floor - Jennifer Lopez ft. Pitbull (722,985,113 views)

"On The Floor" has a particularly negative message by promoting excessive drinking and objectifying women.
YouTube offers the opportunity for people to share their opinions and criticisms. People that do "follow me around" videos or "episodes" that have a topic discussion are called "video blogs' or "vlogs". While some people have genuine concern for the present issues, others make videos promoting negative views and baseless opinions that are offensive to others
A Perfect example of YouTubers who take good advantage of video-sharing on YouTube to inform- as well as entertain are Philip Defranco, The Young Turks and SourceFed. All use their videos (with a large viewer-following) to share awareness on current issues of today. They keep viewers up to date on world issues as well as sharing genuine criticisms in an intelligent manner.
Informative and positively opinionated Vlogs
Anger rants, offensive and discriminative vlogs
YouTube, while full of intelligent and informative information, also has incredibly offensive and discriminating videos which can be posted by anyone who has internet access.Some of the discrimination featured in these videos can be racist, sexist, and blatantly hateful to large groups of people.
How To Videos
You can find out how to do pretty much anything on YouTube, but there are some things that people shouldn't learn how to do / make for the sake of their health and well-being.

Although YouTube will suspend videos that interfere with copy-write infringement laws (usually for music or movies uploaded to YouTube), and delete videos with pornography or nudity, users can post whatever videos with whatever content they like.


Question: If videos that can teach how to cause self-harm or harm to others weren't available on social media, would young people use other parts of the internet to find out how? Or are these YouTube videos (especially one's that teach methods of intoxication) the starting point for trends causing harm?
"How To" videos can offer free-lessons on important skills or fixing troubles. Common "How To" videos that users seek are on the subject of sewing, cooking, construction, crafts, dancing, instrument playing, and tutorials on how to use tools or appliances. YouTube offers a place where people of todays' society can find every lesson on one site, as well as find entertainment.

These videos are so commonly searched that parodies of "How To" videos have popped up as jokes around YouTube.

Is YouTube (the greatest source of social media) to blame?
While YouTube offers lessons on how to make life easier, YouTube also provides a forum for users to learn to, and encourage others to create their own self-destruction. Many dangerous trends are popping up on YouTube, and are becoming increasingly popular among teens. YouTube offers videos on how to make drugs, how to make bombs and how to self-harm.


A trend that is becoming an epidemic is "purple drank", which was originally promoted by Lil-Wayne. Teens just have to search up the word and hundereds of results on how to make the concauction pop up on their YouTube results page.
Conclusion
Without a single source to blame for today's trending issues, ALL sites that become forums for media with posters who provide negatively influential information or videos are to blame for their contribution to the problem. YouTube, although the most visited social media website, simply ALLOWS un-educated information and harmful content to be presented by up-loaders, it also allows for solutions to these problems.
Terms like "Hoe" and "Bitch" are used to describe women everywhere today
Purple drank, and other strangely concocted drugs are growing popular
Kids nowadays will take any risk to get views or gain popularity.
Self-harm is at an all-time high
People nowadays use terms like "Facebook Drama"... It's the same with YouTube. It's not the site to blame, it's the people posting to it who are creating the drama on facebook, or trends on YouTube.
For every self-harm or suicide letter video on YouTube, there is a video offering support to those who struggle with it.
There are also people in the comment sections of these types of videos offering their support to the specific individual.
It can also be a place where people share their decline in their struggles and use YouTube as a cry for help. Some use their struggles for attention.
Heartfelt Stories, Progress Videos, and Letters-To-Self videos
NOTE***
This means that although negatively influential videos may be scattered across YouTube (as well as all forms of media), but there are also many good uses to the site, some which promote good values and provide people with much-needed help.
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