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Yoana Kurniawan

on 4 February 2014

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Transcript of E

-Third Conditional-

The THIRD CONDITIONAL sentence is a sentence that used to imagine a different past than the one that happened.
If I hadn’t eaten so much, I wouldn’t have gotten so fat.

The if clause is
. The result is what would have happened IF the if clause were real:
If I hadn’t eaten so much,
Did I eat a lot? Yes, I did. However, I’m imagining what would have happened if I hadn’t eaten so much.

What would have happened if I hadn’t eaten so much? The result:
…I wouldn’t have gotten so fat.
Am I fat now? Yes. I would not be fat now if hadn’t eaten so much in the past. If I ate well in the past, I wouldn't be fat now.

The 3rd conditional form:
The past perfect tense = had + past participle
Because you are imagining the past, you can ONLY use if. In this sentence structure, you cannot use when, after, or any other time conjunction

1.What would you have done if … ?

What would you have done if you hadn’t been accepted at any university?
What would you have done if we hadn’t been there to help?
What would you have done differently if you had known you would never speak to him again?

3. You can use this sentence structure to express regret about something in the past, and to wish the past had happened differently.
If we had known the movie was so awful, we wouldn’t have wasted our money on it.
If I had finished high school and gone to university, I would have gotten a better job.

4. You can use this structure to criticize someone / something or point out mistakes:

If you hadn’t stayed out so late last night, you wouldn’t have slept in and been late for work!
It would have been quicker if we had taken a taxi to the park instead of walking.

Common uses of this sentence structure
If + past perfect, would have + past participle
i am not fat in real life
I am just using this as an example sentence!
" If I had had enough money, I would have gone to Japan"

(v3 from have)
(v3 from go)
Full transcript