Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald

Chapter Analysis: Students will be able to write an analysis of the theme of the American Dream in F. Scott Fitzgerald’s novel The Great Gatsby and identify archetypes, symbols, and imagery which contribute to the modernist aesthetic and point of vie
by

Adriana Alba

on 27 April 2016

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald

Monitor
Evaluate
Monitor
Predict
Summarize
Question
CHAPTER 1
Draw a picture or list the three most important things that happen in this chapter
Monitor
Evaluate
Monitor
Predict
Summarize
Question
(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr
CHAPTER 2
Draw a picture or list the three most important things that happen in this chapter
Monitor
Evaluate
Monitor
Predict
Summarize
Question
(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr
CHAPTER 3
Draw a picture or list the three most important things that happen in this chapter
Monitor
Evaluate
Monitor
Predict
Summarize
Question
(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr
CHAPTER 4
Draw a picture or list the three most important things that happen in this chapter
Monitor
Evaluate
Monitor
Predict
Summarize
Question
(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr
CHAPTER 6
Draw a picture or list the three most important things that happen in this chapter
Monitor
Evaluate
Monitor
Predict
Summarize
Question
(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr
CHAPTER 7
Draw a picture or list the three most important things that happen in this chapter
CHAPTER 2: Predict
Based on what you learned in the
novel's exposition, make predictions
about Chapter 2 based on the following
questions:
1.) How will Nick Carraway finally meet Jay Gatsby?
2.) What type of problems will Nick Carraway witness? What will be the cause of these problems?
CHAPTER 2: Questions
As you read, look for the answer to the following
questions:
1. What is the "valley of ashes"? What does this setting symbolize?
2. What are Dr. T.J. Eckleburg's eyes? What do they symbolize? Why are the eyes of Dr. TJ Eckleburg, viewed as symbolic of Modernist thought and views?
3. Who is Myrtle Wilson? Describe her character traits. Compare her to Daisy Buchanan.
CHAPTER 2: MONITOR

The quote:
"This is the valley of ashes-- a fantastic farm where ashes grow like wheat into ridges and hills and grotesque gardens; where ashes take the forms of houses and chimneys and rising smoke, and finally with a transcendent effort, of men who move dimly and already crumbling through the powdery air" (p. 26)

demonstrates the

wasteland
that is just at the margins or outskirts of modern life. It symbolizes a general social sterility and waste produced by
modernity
.
CHAPTER 2: MONITOR

The quote:
"Mrs. Wilson had changed her costume some time before and was now attired in an elaborate dress of cream colored chiffon which gave out a continual rustle as she swept about the room" (p. 35)
demonstrates/shows/proves
______________________________________________
CHAPTER 2: Monitor: Why are the eyes of Dr. TJ Eckleburg, viewed as symbolic of Modernist thought and views?

The quote:
"The eyes of Dr. T.J. Eckleburg are blue and gigantic-- their retinas are one yard high. They look out of no face but, instead [...] brood on over the solemn dumping ground" (p. 28).

demonstrates/shows/proves
________________________________________
________________________________________
This chapter begins to foreshadow the complications that await us once Jay Gatsby completely enters into the picture.

How does this chapter help you understand the barriers and obstacles that Jay Gatsby will have have to face to fully assert his American Dream?
CHAPTER 3: Predictions

Based on events that took place in Chapter 1 & 2
what predictions can you make about what will happen in Chapter 3?

I predict that ____________________________________
based on/because ______________________________.
CHAPTER 3 QUESTIONS:

1.) Describe Jay Gatsby the first time Nick sees him. Compare him from his guests at the party.
2.) What rumous about Gatsby are going around the party. How do you think such rumors got started?
3.) Why does Nick choose to share his thoughts and feelings with Jordan Baker?
Chapter 3: Monitor

The quote:

"Sometimes they came and went without having met Gatsby at all, came for the party with a simplicity of heart that was its own ticket of admission."

demonstrates/shows/proves

_______________________________________________________
Chapter 3: Monitor

The quote:

"He smiled understandingly-- much more than understandingly. It was one of those rare smiles with a quality of eternal reassurance in it, that you may come across four or five times in life."

demonstrates/shows/proves
_______________________________________________________.
Chapter 3: Monitor

The quote:

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

demonstrates/shows/proves
CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS:
a. This chapter provides a glimpse at the world that "The Great Gatsby" has built for himself. Based on the interactions of the characters what is your opinion on the world Gatsby has built for himself? (Disillusion and cynicism)

b. Did you see Fitzgerald alluding to any of the three thematic features of modernism which we are following: subversion of cultural norms (gender, class, race), social alienation, or valorization of the anti-hero? Describe the moments where you saw these themes at work.

c. Nick says that "dishonesty in a woman is a thing you never blame deeply" referring to Jordan Baker. What does he mean by this? Why does he say this? What does this show about Nick?
Chapter 4: Predict
Based on what the events which took
place in Ch. 3, predict what events might take plaec in Chapter 4.
C
HAPTER 4: Questions
As you read, look for the answer to the following
questions:
1.) Why does Fitzgerald list all of Gatsby's Party guests?
2.) Why does Gatsby tell Nick about his life? Do you believe him? Does Nick?
3.) Who is Meyer Wolfsheim? Describe his character traits?
The quote:

"He looked at me sideways-- and I knew why Jordan Baker had believed he was lying. He hurried the phrase "educated at Oxford," or swallowed it, or choked on it, as though it had bothered him before. And with this doubt his whole statement fell to pieces, and I wondered if there wasn't something a little sinister about him, after all."

demonstrated/shows/proves
_________________________________________________________.
The quote:
_________________________________
demonstrates/ shows/proves
_________________________________.
The quote:
_________________________________
demonstrates/ shows/proves
_________________________________.
Choose one of the following questions to evaluate Chapter 4:
a. Writers employ ambiguity when they want to leave meaning open to question. How does Fitzgerald use ambiguity to describe Jay Gatsby in Chapter 4? What specific events in the chapter most communicate this tone?

b. Did you see Fitzgerald alluding to any of the three thematic features of modernism which we are following: subversion of cultural norms (gender, class, race), social alienation, or valorization of the anti-hero? Describe the moments where you saw these themes at work.

c. Predict why Daisy was not allowed to marry Jay Gatsby. Use details from the chapter to explain your prediction.
Chapter 5 Predict
Based on the events which took place in Chapter 5, predict what will happen in Chapter 6.
As you read Chapter 6, look for answers to the
following questions:
1. Why does a reporter show up at Gatsby's door?
2. Who is Dan Cody? What was the significance of Dan Cody to Gatsby's life?
3. Describe the meeting of Tom and Gatsby. What does this meeting reveal about them?
4. What is the Buchanans' reaction to Gatsby's party? Why?
5. What does Gatsby want from Daisy?
The quote:

"So he invented the sort of Jay Gatsby that a seventeen-year old boy would be likely to invent, and to this conception he was faithful to the end" (p. ).

demonstrates/shows/proves
__________________________________________________
The quote stated by Tom Buchanan,

"I wonder where in teh devil he met Daisy. By God, I may be old-fashioned in my ideas, but women run around too much these days to suit me. They meet all kinds of crazy fish," (p. )

demonstrates/shows/proves
___________________________________________________.
The quote:
____________________________________________________(p. #)
demonstrates/shows/proves
___________________________________________________.
As you read Chapter 7, look for answers to the
following questions:
1. Who is Trimachio?
2. Describe Daisy and Gatsby's new relationship.
3. What is the weather like in Chapter 7 and what effect does it have on events that take place in this chapter?
4. Describe the escalation of the conflict between Tom and Gatsby.
5. Compare Tom and George Wilson. What did each man learn about his wife and how did they each react?
6. Who was driving the death car?
7. At this point, how should the novel end?
Based on events which took place in Chapter 6, what predictions can you make about what will happen in Chapter 7?
The quote:

"I read somewhere that hte sun's getting hotter every year," said Tom genially. "It seems that pretty soon the earth's going to fall into the sun-- or wait a minute-- it's just the opposite-- the sun's getting colder every year"

demonstrates/shows/proves
__________________________________________________________________________.
The quote:

That was it. I'd never understood before. It was full of money-- that was the inexhaustible charm that rose and fell in it, the jingle of it, the cymbals' song of it.... High in a white palace the king's daughter, the golden girl....

demonstrates/shows/proves
__________________________________________________________________________.
The quote:

____________________________________________________________________________

demonstrates/shows/proves
__________________________________________________________________________.
Monitor
Evaluate
Monitor
Predict
Summarize
Question
(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr
CHAPTER 5
Draw a picture or list the three most important things that happen in this chapter
Chapter 5: Predict
Based on what the events which took
place in Ch. 4, what predictions can you make about what will occur in Chapter 5?
CHAPTER 5: Questions
As you read, look for the answer to the following
questions:
1.) What effect does the rain have on the events in Chapter 5?
2.) Why does Gatsby offer Nick work? How does Nick feel about this?
3.) Why does Gatsby get so many phone calls? What does this say about him?
4.) Why does Gatsby show Daisy all his shirts?
The quote:

I realize now that under different circumstances that conversation might have been one of the crises of my life.

demonstrates/shows/proves
_________________________________________________________.
The quote:

While the rain continued it had seemed
like the mrumur of their voice, rising and swelling a little now and then with gusts of emotions.

demonstrates/ shows/proves
_________________________________.
The quote:
_________________________________
demonstrates/ shows/proves
_________________________________.
Choose one of the following questions to evaluate Chapter 5:
a. In Chapter 5, Gatsby offers Nick Carraway a job, which is quickly rejected by the narrator. Why? Use details from the story to support your answer.

b. Did you see Fitzgerald alluding to any of the three thematic features of modernism which we are following: subversion of cultural norms (gender, class, race), social alienation, or valorization of the anti-hero? Describe the moments where you saw these themes at work.

c. Predict why Gatsby is so obsessed with Daisy. What qualities does he see in her that perhaps her own husband, Tom Buchanan, cannot appreciate?
Monitor
Evaluate
Monitor
Predict
Summarize
Question
(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr
CHAPTER 8
Draw a picture or list the three most important things that happen in this chapter
As you read Chapter 8, look for answers to the
following questions:
1. How does Fitzgerald achieve a melancholic mood in the beginning of the chapter?
2. How does Fitzgerald use seasons for the structure of the novel?
3. What does Nick mean when he says, "You're worth the whole bunch put together"? Why does he say this?
3. What does T.J. Eckleberg symbolize for Mr. Wilson? for the novel? for modernism as a whole?
Based on events which took place in Chapter 7, predict what will happen in Chapter 8.
The quote:

It excited him, too, that many men had already loved Daisy-- it increased her value in his eyes.

demonstrates/shows/proves
__________________________________________________________________________.
The quote:

____________________________________________________________________________

demonstrates/shows/proves
__________________________________________________________________________.
The quote:

____________________________________________________________________________

demonstrates/shows/proves
__________________________________________________________________________.
Choose one of the following questions to evaluate Chapter 8:
a. In Chapter 8, Nick tells Gatsby, "You are worth the whole damn bunch put together." What does he mean by that? Why does he say this? Why do you think Nick perceives Gatsby this way?

b. Did you see Fitzgerald alluding to any of the three thematic features of modernism which we are following: subversion of cultural norms (gender, class, race), social alienation, or valorization of the anti-hero? Describe the moments where you saw these themes at work.

c. In Chapter 8, Gatsby recalls falling in love with Daisy and describes her "gleaming like silver, safe and proud above the hot struggles of the poor." He also refers to her as a 'grail' How do these references help the reader understand Gatsby's obsession with Daisy? At this point of the novel, what will become of Gatsby without her?
Monitor
Evaluate
Monitor
Predict
Summarize
Question
(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr
CHAPTER 9
Draw a picture or list the three most important things that happen in this chapter
As you read Chapter 9, look for answers to the
following questions:
1. Why did Nick have to take care of arrangements at Gatsby's funeral?
2. Explain what Gatsby began doing at a young age to rise above his "station" in life. What does this show about Gatsby's character? the idea he represents?
3. Who attended Gatsby's funeral? How and why is that signficant?
4. What is the purpose of Nick's last meeting with Jordan?
5. Why does Nick call Tom and Daisy "careless people"?
Based on events which took place in Chapter 8, predict what events will take place in Chapter 9.
The quote:

__________________________________________________________________________.

demonstrates/shows/proves
__________________________________________________________________________.
The quote:

____________________________________________________________________________

demonstrates/shows/proves
__________________________________________________________________________.
The quote:

____________________________________________________________________________

demonstrates/shows/proves
__________________________________________________________________________.
An
alyzing the outcome of events in a story's plot, is one way to find an author's message or theme. Based on the way that the central conflict is solved:
1. How does this chapter help you understand F. Scott Fizgerald's message about the American Dream?
2. What are obstacles to achieving the American Dream?
3. Do you agree/disagree with Fitzgerald's message? Explain...
Monitor
Evaluate
Monitor
Predict
Summarize
Question
(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr
POST Reading
Draw a picture or list the three most important things that happen in this chapter
As you read Chapter 6, look for answers to the
following questions:
1. What turn of events does the opening description of nature
foreshadow and what philosophical idea does it represent?
2. What does Lennie ask George to do when he appears?
3. What is the story's resolution? Is it fair?
Based on events which took place in Chapter 5:
1. Will George and Lennie escape the ranch?
2. Will Lennie go to prison?
3. Will Lennie ever get to tend the rabbits?
The quote:

A water snake glided smoothly up the pool, twisting its
periscope head from side to side; and it swam the length of the
pool and came to the legs of a motionless heron that stood in the shallows.
A silent beak lanced down and plucked it out by the head, and
the beak swallowed the little snake while its tail waved frantically (p. 99).

demonstrates/shows/proves
__________________________________________________________________________.
The quote:

____________________________________________________________________________

demonstrates/shows/proves
__________________________________________________________________________.
The quote:

____________________________________________________________________________

demonstrates/shows/proves
__________________________________________________________________________.
Analyzing the outcome of events in a story's plot, is one way to find an author's message or theme. Based on the way that the central conflict is solved:
1. How does this chapter help you understand John Steinbeck's message about the American Dream?
2. What are obstacles to achieving the American Dream?
3. Do you agree/disagree with Steinbeck's message? Explain...
Based on what you know about F. Scott Fitzgerald and the historical context during which he was writing make predictions based on the following questions:
1.) What is the setting (time and place) of the story?
2.) Who are the main characters?
3.) What is the basic situation?
As you read, look for the answer to the following questions:
1.) Who is the narrator? What do readers learn about him/his background? Is he reliable?
2.) What is the mood communicated by the narrator's tone in Chapter 1?
3.) What events actually take place in Chapter 1 to reveal the basic situation and to introduce the story's protagonist, Jay Gatsby?
“Whenever you feel like criticizing anyone, just remember that all the people in this world haven’t had the advantages you’ve had (p. ),”

demonstrates/reveals/ explains/describes/proves
The quote:
“Gatsby who represented everything for which I have unaffected scorn. If personality is an unbroken series of successful gestures, then there was something gorgeous about him…(p. 6)

demonstrates/reveals/ explains/describes/proves
The quote: “Civilization’s going to pieces,” broke out Tom violently. “I’ve gotten to be a terrible pessimist about things. Have you read ‘The Rise of the Coloured Empires’ by this man Goddard?” (p. 17)

demonstrates/reveals/ explains/describes/proves...
An
archetype
in literature is a
character type that recurs in literature and often represents a "universal idea" or theme.
For example in Homer's The Odyssey, Odysseus represents the idea of the hero.

Jay Gatsby is an archetypal character. Based on what you read in Chapter 1, what idea does he represent for the narrator, Nick Carraway?
GIVE ONE GET ONE:
Describe
the
narrator
and the
tone
he uses to introduce readers to the
characters
and
setting
of the novel.

How does Nick's
tone
affect how we feel about Jay Gatsby? Tom and Daisy? Jordan Baker?
CA Focus Standard: LRA 3.5 a-c

Unit Goal: Students will be able to write an analysis of the theme of disillusion in the American Dream in F. Scott Fitzgerald’s novel The Great Gatsby and identify archetypes, symbols, and imagery which contribute to the modernist aesthetic and point of view.

Objective: During today's lesson students will
1. Predict events in The Great Gatsby by using background knowledge of modernism and F. Scott Fitzgerald as they read they read Chapter 1
2. Students will use the analysis map to monitor quotes that help convey major themes in the novel.
CA Focus Standard:
LRA 3.4 Anayze the ways in which poets use imagery and figures of speech to evoke a readers' emotions.
LRA 3.6 Analyze the way in which authors have used archetypes drawn from myth and tradition in literature.

Unit Goal: Students will write an analysis of the theme of the American Dream in F. Scott Fitzgerald’s novel The Great Gatsby and identify archetypes, symbols, and imagery which contribute to the modernist aesthetic and point of view.

Objectives: Today, students will define symbolism and archetypes by writing notes on Dr. Mill's podcast and identify symbolism in Chapter 2.

Today's Agenda:
1. Predict Events in Chapter 2
2. BIG Questions for Chapter 2
3. Begin monitoring important quotes for Chapter 2
Choose one of the following questions to evaluate Chapter 6:
a. In Chapter 6, after Nick Carraway advises Gatsby not to ask too much of Daisy because he can't repeat the past, Gatsby adamantly disagrees, "Can't repeat the past?" he cried incredulously. "Why of course you can!" What does Gatsby mean by this statement? What does this show about Gatsby's view of life?

b. Did you see Fitzgerald alluding to any of the three thematic features of modernism which we are following: subversion of cultural norms (gender, class, race), social alienation, or valorization of the anti-hero? Describe the moments where you saw these themes at work.

c. Daisy is "apalled" by the scene at Gatsby's party. Nick recalls that "She saw something awful by the very simplicity she failed to understand." Describe her point of view towards the party and Gatsby's desk. What is so awful about what she sees at the party? What does this show about how she views herself compared to Gatsby's guests?
Choose one of the following questions to evaluate Chapter 6:
a. In Chapter 7, Tom and Gatsby finally confront each other with what each considers the "truth." Compare the two men's view of the "truth". What makes it so different? What ideas do these contrasting men represent?

b. Did you see Fitzgerald alluding to any of the three thematic features of modernism which we are following: subversion of cultural norms (gender, class, race), social alienation, or valorization of the anti-hero? Describe the moments where you saw these themes at work.

c. Compare and contrast the types of femininity and/ or class embodied by Daisy and Myrtle. How are they the same and how are they different? Describe Myrtle's death at the hands of Daisy. What idea about femininity and/or is communicated through the death of Myrtle Wilson?
AMBIGUOUS
adj. 1. open to having several meanings 2. causing confusion or uncertainty.

What makes the novel's narrator, Nick Carraway, ambiguous?

What makes Jay Gatsby ambiguous?
can be defined as
CONVENTIONAL
SYMBOLS
ARCHETYPAL
SYMBOLS
These can be
defined...
Some examples
include....
Archetypal symbols
are
For example...
SYMBOLS
Two types of symbols are
INTRODUCE EVIDENCE: What are two types of symbols?
EVIDENCE: What is the difference between the two?
ANALYSIS: What are some examples of each?
COMMENTARY: In The Great Gatsby we will be encountering symbolic colors of white, green, and gold. Predict what ideas these colors might represent?
*
Due to advanced weaponry, World War I was a devastating physical, psychological and spiritual experience for soldiers.
* Returning soldiers had difficulty readjusting to a civillian life they could no longer relate to.
* This was crisis was best expressed artistically through the ANTIHERO PROTAGONIST.
The modern antihero lacks all the qualities of the traditional hero: courage, self-sacrifice, honesty, bravery. Instead the antihero is disillusioned, hopeless, and at times even pathetic.

* TOPIC: Gatsby is widely regarded as the epitome of the MODERNIST ANTIHERO.
* INTRODUCE EVIDENCE: What characteristics would make him so?
* EVIDENCE: What are some examples of events which reveal him to be an ANTIHERO?
* ANALYSIS: How do these examples demonstrate that he holds the qualities of the antihero?
* COMMENTARY: How would have his experiences as a soldier contributed to these qualities?
1.) Who is the narrator? What do readers learn about him/his background? Is he reliable? The quote:
2.) What is the mood communicated by the narrator's tone in Chapter 1?
Full transcript