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Breast Cancer

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Danae Ramirez

on 20 March 2013

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Transcript of Breast Cancer

WHAT IS AND CAUSES BREAST CANCER? Breast cancer occurs when malignant tumors develop in the breast. These cells can spread by breaking away from the original tumor and entering blood vessels or lymph vessels, which branch into tissues throughout the body. When cancer cells travel to other parts of the body and begin damaging other tissues and organs, the process is called metastasis. BREAST CANCER Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that starts in the cell of the breast. SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS OF BREAST CANCER A CHANGE IN HOW THE BREAST OR PAPILLA FEELS - Papilla tenderness or a lump or thickening in or near the breast or underarm area
- A change in the skin texture or an enlargement of pores in the skin of the breast
- A lump in the breast A CHANGE IN HOW THE BREAST OR PAPILLA LOOKS - Any change in the size or shape of the breast
- Dimpling anywhere on the breast
- Swelling of the breast
- Shrinkage of the breast
- Papilla that is turned slightly inward or inverted
- Skin of the breast the becomes scaly, red or swollen PAPILLA DISCHARGE - the discharge can possibly be bloody, clear to yellow, and green. - Breast lump
- Breast pain
- tenderness

Symptoms of advanced breast cancer are

- Bone pain
- Breast pain or discomfort
- Swelling of or in the armpit
- weight loss MENS BREAST CANCER SYMPTOMS DIAGNOSIS BREAST SELF-EXAM Adult women of all ages are encouraged
to perform breast self-exams at least once
a month. Although mammograms can help
you detect cancer before you can see a
lump, breast self-exams help you be familiar with how your breast looks and feels so when you see a change you can go talk to your health care provider. HOW SHOULD A BREAST SELF EXAM BE PERFORMED? IN THE SHOWER Using the pads of your fingers, move around your entire breast in a circular pattern moving from the outside to the center, checking the entire breast and armpit area. IN FRONT OF MIRROR Look at your breast in the mirror with your arms at the side. Next you would raise your arms over your head and look for any changes such as
- swelling
- dimpling of the skin
- or changes in the papilla LYING DOWN When you lay down, the breast tissue spreads out evenly along the chest wall. Place a pillow under your right shoulder and your right arm behind your head. Using your left hand, move the pads of your fingers around your right breast gently in small circular motions covering the entire breast area and armpit. CLINICAL BREAST EXAM CLINICAL BREAST EXAM GOAL Early Detection CHECK FOR Lumps and physical changes MAMMOGRAM A mammogram is an x-ray. the breast is exposed to a
small dose of iodizing radiation that produces an image of a breast tissue. If your mammogram detects a abnormal sight your doctor will take further investigation to see what is wrong. ULTRASOUND BIOPSY A PROCEDURE IN WHICH CELLS ARE
- Metastasis

- Extreme fatigue
- Lack of energy
- Nausea
- Lack of appetite
- Weight loss
Breast cancer affects the breast tissue and can also invade and grow into the tissue surrounding the breast. Our body's natural defense against breast cancer TREATMENT CHEMOTHERAPY Chemotherapy is a treatment method that uses a combination of drugs to either destroy cancer cells or slow down the growth of cancer cells. SIDE EFFECTS OF CHEMOTHERAPY Hair loss Poor appetite Nausea Vomiting Diarrhea RADIATION THERAPY Radiation therapy uses high energy rays to kill cancer cells. Breast cancer radiation therapy may be used to destroy any remaining mutated cells that remain in the breast or armpit area after surgery. SIDE EFFECTS OF RADIATION THERAPY - Sunburn-type skin irritation of the targeted area
- Red, dry, tender, or itchy skin
- Breast heaviness
- Discoloration, redness, or a bruised appearance
- General fatigue HORMONE THERAPY The hormones estrogen and progesterone can stimulate the growth of some breast cancers. Hormone therapy is used to stop or slow the growth of these tumors. TARGETED THERAPY Targeted therapy is a more effective treatment
that can attack specific breast cancer cells without harming normal cells. BETTER TREATMENT FOR BREAST CANCER TARGETED THERAPY - Newer more effective treatment
- Used in combination with traditional chemotherapy
- Less severe side effects than standard chemotherapy drugs. HOW A PERSON'S DAILY LIFE IS AFFECTED BY BREAST CANCER - Emotional
- Discomfort
- Stress COST OF HAVING BREAST CANCER DIAGRAMS Age - The chances of getting breast cancer increases as you get older.
- most advanced breast cancer cases are found in women over the age of 50 years old. The estimates of life time per-patient costs of breast cancer ranged from $20 000 - $100 000 The costs of different surgeries range from
$23 000 - $31 000 HISTORY - Breast cancer has been known since ancient times. it has been mentioned in almost every period of recorded history.
- Ancient Egyptians were the first to note the disease more than 3,500 years ago. Our system is not strong enough to handle breast cancer. CAUSES, INCIDENCE AND RISK FACTORS - Over the course of a life time 1 in 8 women will be
diagnosed with breast cancer.
- You have a higher risk of getting breast cancer if
you have a close relative who has had breast cancer.
20 - 30% of women with breast cancer have a family history
of this disease.
- women who got their periods early (before age 12) or went
through menopause late (after age 50) have an increased
risk of breast cancer.
- Drinking more than 1-2 glasses of alcohol a day may increase your risk of breast cancer
- Women who have never had children or who had them after the age of 30 have an increased risk of breast cancer.
- Being pregnant at a early age reduces breast cancer. Thank you By: Danae Ramirez BIBLIOGRAPHY BIBLIOGRAPHY http://www.news-medical.net/health/History-of-Breast-Cancer.aspx
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