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501 Part 1: Demographic Briefing

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EDP Writing Tutor

on 9 May 2017

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Transcript of 501 Part 1: Demographic Briefing

501 Part 1: Demographic Briefing
SSW Writing Center
Step 2 - Step 5
Step 1: Review Assignment
Overview of Assignment:
5 Big Steps
1. Preliminary paper topic
2. Revised paper topic
3. Demographic briefing
(What's the situation? What does the data say?)
4. Theory and policy analysis
(Why does the data look like this? What could be done?)
5. Final draft: Combining 1-4
Getting Started
1. Keep it simple.

2. LEARNING/Product.

3. Data-driven topics.

4. One step at at time.

5. Re-think, re-create, and re-vise

Step 1: Review Assignment
Using demographic data from the US Census or a comparable government source, report on one or more of these topics as it relates to poverty/inequality:
Employment/unemployment
Earnings or Income
Location (city, county, state, etc)
Education
Disability
Family Structure
Gender
Race, ethnicity, nativity

Analysis should include:
DYNAMIC (over time) or
COMPARATIVE element (looking at two populations)
Getting Started
We all react differently to starting a paper, tell your neighbor which one you relate to:

CHOOSE ONE!
CHOOSE ONE!
Remember, keep it simple :)
Paper Part I – Demographic Briefing

Papers should be no more than four double-spaced pages and include:
1. A brief introduction outlining the purpose and key points of the paper
2. A discussion of relevant context and definitions of important concepts, and
3. An original table or graphic displaying data from your research.
4. Documentation of scope and magnitude of the economic/social inequality.

**Support all statements of fact with references to academic, governmental or reputable non-governmental sources of information
**Use language that clearly documents the situation without eliciting emotion or action. Let the facts speak for themselves

Step 2: Topic Selection
Employment/unemployment
Earnings or Income
Location (city, county, state, etc)
Education
Disability
Family Structure
Gender
Race, ethnicity or nativity

Dynamic

Comparative
Data-Driven Topic Selection Process
Helpful Hints:
1. DATA: Find data before getting too committed to a topic.
2. APPROACH: Pick a dynamic or comparative approach.
3. SCOPE: Narrow scope! Be specific.

Topic
Topic Selection Examples
Topic Example #1:
"educational attainment and earnings among men and women in Snohomish County in 2011"
1.
DATA
: highest level of education achieved and annual earnings for men and women.
2.
APPROACH
: Comparative: men vs women
3.
SCOPE
: Snohomish County in 2011

Topic Example #2:
"SNAP participation rates among poor households in King County before and after the recession (2007,2011)"
1.
DATA
: households with income below poverty level, participate in SNAP?
2.
APPROACH
: Dynamic and comparative: 2007 vs 2011, different areas of King County.
3.
SCOPE
: King County, 2007-2011.
Step 3: Topic Introduction
Papers should include:
1.
Introduction: purpose and key points of the paper
2. Context and definitions
3. Data summary: Include an original table or graphic displaying data

General rule: Tell them what you’re
going to tell them. Tell them.
Tell them what you told them.

Topic Introduction
Example
Topic #1: educational attainment and earnings

(Topic, purpose and data) This paper investigates the relationship between educational attainment and earnings among men and women in Snohomish County. Two questions are considered. (research questions) First, to what extent do gender disparities in annual earnings exist? And second, how might these disparities change with educational attainment? (Plan of paper) Following a brief demographic report exploring 2011 US Census data, I posit two complementary theories to explain this earnings inequality. Finally, using the context of these theories, I analyze two policies that aim to reduce gendered earnings disparity and offer suggestions of how each might be most successfully implemented.


Papers should include:
1. Introduction: purpose and key points of the paper
2. Context and definitions
3. Data summary: include an original table or graphic displaying data

Step 4: Definitions
Beware of definitionitis!

Try to work definitions into text naturally.

Define all of your terms and major concepts; don’t assume the reader already knows what you’re talking about
Discuss the source of the data and/or how it’s collected
Discuss limitations of data as needed

Topic example #2: SNAP in King County

Definitions:

Our scope will be limited to households with income below the poverty level, which for the purpose of this essay will be referred to as “poor households”. Receiving roughly 93% of SNAP benefits nationally, poor households will act as a litmus test for participation in King County (CBPP, 2012). To determine the number of households falling below the poverty level, the American Community Survey (ACS) compares yearly household income with poverty thresholds appropriate for family size and composition (US Census, 2011A). Similarly, SNAP participation is classified as one or more members in a household receiving food stamps within the last 12 months (US Census, 2011A).

1. Introduction: purpose and key points of the paper
2. Context and definitions
3. Data Summary: include original table or graphic displaying data

Step 5: Data! Tables, Graphs
Data can be fun!
Example
Figure 1. Median 2011 annual earnings for males and females over 25 years in Snohomish County by educational attainment. Adapted from the U.S. Census Bureau 2011 American Community Survey.

Helpful Hints:

Don’t just show the graph--explain it!
Support all statements with facts.
Use clear neutral language.
Let the facts speak for themselves.

Definitions
Example
Figures:
Using figures is a way to describe data, but:
Don't overuse figures
Make sure they're clear and necessary
Use only when they assist the reader in comprehending groups of data
Always refer to figures you insert
Number each figure
Give a concise title
Make sure categories are clear
Give source information in APA style

Use #s when:
writing about percentages or other statistics
referring to a numbered table
numbers refer to population sizes or ages
the number is 10 or above

Use words and #s when:
you’re rounding a number (Example: nearly 7 million)
you’re using numbers together in a potentially confusing way (Example: nineteen 14-year-olds)

When referring to figures in your paper
Don’t describe all of the data in the figure
Give the highlights
Always refer to the figure number: “Figure 1 shows…”
Never: “The figure on page three…” or “The figure above shows…”
Use numerals (1, 2, 5) to refer to figure numbers, not words (one, two, five)

Focus on organization
Use headings (Optional)
Use shorter sentences when possible
Back up claims w/data
501 is a good assignment because you get to re-visit it several times to perfect it

APA Questions?
See Purdue OWL:
http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/
UW Libraries’ citation guides:
http://guides.lib.washington.edu/citations

Tips!
Gina:
Thu: 11-1pm & 2-6pm
*Fri: 12:30-2:30pm
Additional times available if needed, please try to schedule with Jennie requesting alternative times:
gmendoza@uw.edu
meetme.so/gmendoza
Jennie:
Tue & Wed: 3-5:30pm
Thu & Fri: 3:30-6:30pm
Additional times available if needed, please email me at:
edpwrite@uw.edu
meetme.so/daywrite
Schedule an Appointment!
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