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03.02H Great Empires of the World: Big Picture Africa.

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Valerie Doleby

on 2 January 2014

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Transcript of 03.02H Great Empires of the World: Big Picture Africa.

03.02H Great Empires of the World: Big Picture Africa
KONGO (CONGO)
Right after the Bantu spread in Africa, many populations were influenced, resulting in the Bantu mining skills and farming techniques making its way into the way the people do things. Congo took part in trades of food, cloth, items, pottery, and several precious metals. The Congo was also a coast country that was ruled by wealthy nobles.
SWAHILI
SOCIAL. POLITICAL. RELIGION. ECONOMY
Social: Swahili had its own language, lugha amesema, it is a blend of Arabic and Bantu
Political: Swahili success and power came with its location being a coast city, where it could do several trades
Religion: Swahili had Christian missionaries, but really it was a Islam state.
Economy: much of the money Swahili came from the many ships that would pass by the kingdom to make trades.

HISTORICAL LANDMARK
SOCIAL. POLITICAL. RELIGION. ECONOMY
Social: greatly influenced by the Bantu people who had migrated throughout Africa
Political: The Kingdom of Kongo is under the control by rich upper class people
Religion: by adopting Christianity, Kongo became allies with Portugal
Economy: Kongo had a strong economy is due to its trade in all sorts of items and natural resources

HISTORICAL LANDMARK
The most popular and famous landmark in Congo is the natural active volcano, Nyiragongo. It is constantly visited by tourist every day.
SOCIAL. POLITICAL. RELIGION. ECONOMY
Social: Axum and Adulis were to major cities in Ethiopia
Political: with its multitude trade on items like textile and gold, Axum became a very rich and powerful country.
Religion: king Ezana was Axum first Christian king of Africa
Economy: Axum became rich and powerful country due to many trades were of gold, ivory, glass, spices, textiles, agricultural products, and dyes.

HISTORICAL LANDMARK
Huge obelisks and monuments were made by Kings in Axum for graves that still stand today.
AXUM
Axum was originally a major port city then into grew into a city/state, resulting in Axum finally becoming a kingdom. Axum, or Aksum as some would call it, was in a perfect location which was the key to its flourishing success; it was at an intersection of trade routes between the Mediterranean area, Asia, and Africa. Though after Axum major city, Adulis was taken over by the Arabians, Axum began to fall apart. This was extremely fatal to Axum because Adulis was Axum’s access to the red sea as a trading port, Axum’s income of the kingdom dropped increasingly!
BY: Valerie Doleby
World History Honor
AXUM
KONGO
FUNJ
SWAHILI
Funj was located in what is now known as present day Sudan. Funj was ruled for over 300 years by the Arabians, but there control over the African people ended when the African people of Funj revolted against them and succeed in defeating them, afterward creating a new kingdom. Though the country couldn’t withstand the constant attacks, so it had much difficulty trying to keep a hold of power on Funj, it was then taken over 200 years later by Egypt in the nineteenth century CE.
FUNJ
Social: Funj and its culture still exist today and are run by an African Funj tribe
Political: Egypt had taken over Funj due to Funj struggling to have a strong
Religion: originally Funj a Christian state, but was then converted into the Muslim religion.
Economy: before Funj’s power on the country began to weaken, Funj use to use Gold coins as the country’s currency, but then it had to now start using foreign coins.

SOCIAL. POLITICAL. RELIGION. ECONOMY
There is a religious monument that is shaped as pyramids very close to the mountain of Gebel barkal. Native tribes still use these pyramids that were built almost over 2,000yrs ago.
HISTORICAL LANDMARK

Swahili just like Congo is a coast country and it has its own language, lugha amesema that you can still hear today. Swahili is very similar to Axum in terms of how it was found, Swahili was originally a trade city that developed into a kingdom and depends on trade and economy in order to continue to thrive. Though it didn’t finish the same way as Axum, instead it was invaded by portuguese.

An amazing historical landmark in the Swahili coast is Fort Jesus, it faces Mambasa's Harbor.
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