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Module 9 Honors Assignment

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Jessie Schmidt

on 17 December 2014

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Transcript of Module 9 Honors Assignment

Module 9 Honors Assignment
Jessica Schmidt
Honors American History 2

1970's: Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon was the 37th President of the U.S. and was elected in the year 1969. With Nixon's presidency, many things occurred including the Moral Majority, his many domestic policies and foreign policies, the Watergate Scandal, and many other smaller events. With the Cold War still taking place, Nixon had many efforts in reaching Detente, including visiting China, using trade instead of war, and the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks. He also had to deal with domestic issues such as the rise in divorce rates and the Kent State bombing. The most well-known event though is possibly the Watergate scandal where Nixon hired people nicknamed "plumbers" to make sure there were no leaks of America's foreign policies. When word got out, American citizens were wary to trust the government and Nixon resigned. President Nixon is important to this time period because of the impact, (good or bad), he had on not only America, but other countries as well. (facts are ingrained in the paragraph above)
1970's:Swann v. Charlotte Mecklenberg Schools
The Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education case occurred on April 20, 1971, where the Supreme Court of the United States unanimously upheld busing programs that aimed to speed up the racial integration of public schools in the United States. This was a big step in racial equality and led to protests but also satisfied many. It was a change some admired and some disagreed with; either way it was a monumental event during this time period. (facts already in paragraph)
1980's: Glasnost/Perestroika
To help the horrible state of the Soviet Union's economy, the democratization of the Communist Party was promoted through Party Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev‘s policies of “perestroika” and “glasnost.” Perestroika was a policy that meant the restructuring of the Soviet political and economic system while glasnost called for increased openness and transparency in government institutions AND activities in the Soviet Union. These two policies were important during the 1980's because it meant the focus for the Soviet Union was to reform the economy and political system and not other things that concerned the U.S.
1980's: Strategic Defense Initiative
The Strategic Defense Initiative, or SDI, was proposed by U.S. President Ronald Reagan on March 23, 1983. It was made to use ground-based and space-based systems to protect the United States from attack by strategic nuclear ballistic missiles. This was an important event because it was a very controversial topic; some claimed that this was a good method while others called it "Star Wars" saying that we need to have advanced technology. (facts already in paragraph)
1980's:Tienanmen Square
This event is possibly one of the most memorable from the 1980's. Over a million students and youths came to protest in Tienanmen Square on May of 1989. The goal of the protest was to demand a democratic government and call for the resignations of the leaders of the Chinese communist party leaders. However, when the military and police stepped in, thousands of protesters were killed and 10,000 were imprisoned. When other countries were informed of this massacre they quickly became angered, especially the U.S. and Soviet Union. This was an extremely important event because of the lives and countries it impacted. (facts already in paragraph)
1. http://iml.jou.ufl.edu/projects/Fall06/Weiner/pages/Overview/definition.htm
2. http://sadat.umd.edu/archives/summits.htm
3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strategic_Defense_Initiative
4. http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2011/mar/03/1970s-oil-price-shock
5. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerald_Ford
6. http://supremecourtcases4civics.weebly.com/swann-vs-charlotte-mecklenburg.html
7. http://pixgood.com/perestroika-glasnost.html
8. http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2014-11-07/did-the-fall-of-the-berlin-wall-hurt-economic-growth
9. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strategic_Defense_Initiative
10. http://www.theatlantic.com/infocus/2014/06/tiananmen-square-25-years-ago/100751/
11. http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,2025752_2025751_2025669,00.html
12. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Execution_of_Saddam_Hussein
13. http://www.afhso.af.mil/topics/factsheets/factsheet.asp?id=15263
14. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:JamesBrady_BillClinton.jpg
15. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_American_Free_Trade_Agreement
1970's: Camp David Accords
1970's: OPEC
1970's: Gerald Ford
1980's: Fall of Berlin Wall
1980's: Gorbachev
1990's: Saddam Hussein
1990's: Operation Desert Storm
1990's: Brady Bill
1990's: North American Free Trade Agreement
1990's: Impeachment of President Clinton
The Camp David accords was a historic peace accords that was made in 1978 between Israel and Egypt. It took place at the U.S. presidential retreat at Camp David, Md. and the official agreement was signed on Mar. 26, 1979, in Washington, D.C. by Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin and Egyptian President Anwar al-Sadat, with U.S. President Jimmy Carter signing as a witness. Under the pact, which was in check by other Arab states, Israel agreed to return the Sinai to Egypt, which was completed in 1982. This agreement was very important to this period because it solved a potential crisis and was able to keep all the countries from each others throats-- or at least temporarily. (facts ingrained into paragraph)
The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, or known as OPEC is a permanent, intergovernmental Organization. It was created at the Baghdad Conference on September 10–14, 1960, by Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela. The main purpose of OPEC was to get the world's main oil or petroleum producers and unify them to secure fair and stable prices of the oil and petroleum. OPEC is immensely important to this time period due to its impact on all countries who import oil from these OPEC countries. The OPEC countries basically control the petroleum market and can ultimately cut off oil or petroleum to any country just if they wanted to. (3 facts already ingrained in the paragraph)
Gerald Ford came to presidency after Nixon's resignation, which was a hard time. Vietnam also began its fall to communism at this time as well. Ford had to make a quick decision about Nixon's illegal actions and decided to pardon them for the good of the nation. However, this backfired because of the public's anger at his pardon. Ford was an important person during this time period due to the challenges he had to face going into the presidency and his impact during his administration. (facts are already ingrained into paragraph).
The Berlin Wall basically stood as a symbol of the Cold War and a symbol of communism throughout Eastern Europe for around 28 years. At first the Berlin Wall was made after WWII to separate Berlin, in half with East Berlin and East Germany being communist and West Berlin and West Germany being democratic. The take down of the Berlin Wall was an emotional time and symbol to many people; it finally showed that this divide was ceasing. (facts already in paragraph)
Mikhail Gorbachev was the last leader of the Soviet Union and was said to highly improve the Soviet Union's economic and political state due to his policies perestroika and glasnost. He made an immense impact on many countries in the world, including the U.S., saying that we should try to use his policies. His influential policies are a shining reason to his importance during this decade. (facts already in paragraph)
Saddam Hussein was the fifth President of Iraq, serving in this capacity from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003. Hussein and Iraq was one of President Bush's main challenges when coming into presidency.
Saddam Hussein claimed that Kuwait, very rich in oil, was apart of Iraq and sent in troops to Kuwait as well as Saudi Arabia, (also rich in oil). Bush thought this ruthless treatment was unfair and that this dictator should not have untrue control of two oil-powerful countries. Because of Saddam Hussein's influence and impact on two oil rich countries as well as America, it makes him a monumental figure during the 1990's. (facts already included)
To solve the problem of Saddam Hussein's claim on Kuwait and Saudi Arabia,Bush ordered a massive air attack on Iraq. This assault became known as Operation Desert Storm. By February President Bush announced a cease fire and Kuwait was liberated! However, this was only part of the Persian Gulf wars. This event was very important because it solved the grave problem of Iraq's unfair treatment and control over the two oil rich countries. (facts already included)
This bill was signed into law by President Bill Clinton on November 30, 1993, and went into effect on February 28, 1994. It was named after James Brady, who was shot by John Hinckley, Jr. during an attempted assassination of President Ronald Reagan on March 30, 1981. The importance of the Brady Bill was that it ultimately made America safer due to a in depth background check before the purchase of arms was allowed. (facts already included)
The North American Free Trade Agreement was an agreement signed by Canada, Mexico, and the United States on January 1, 1994. It created a trilateral rules-based trade bloc in North America. It was made to eliminate most tariffs on trade between these nations. NAFTA was incredibly important during this decade because of its impact on these 3 countries and is still in effect today. (facts already included)

When news and evidence that President Clinton had an extramarital affair with a White House intern appeared, America was truly shocked. Upon questioning before a grand jury, Clinton denied ever having sexual relationship with this young intern, Monica Lewinsky. However, Clinton was forced to admit to the allegations and was accused of lying to a grand jury. In December of 1998, the House of Representatives voted to impeach President Clinton. Although he was acquitted by Senate trial, the issue tarnished the image of the President for the remainder of his time in office. This impeachment created turmoil in America and not only stained President Clinton, but America itself, which proves its importance.
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