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Transcript of René Descartes
designed by Péter Puklus for Prezi
Early Life & Childhood
Discourse on method
In his last years, he served queen christina of sweden as a tutor after being invited. Descartes did not feel good about the cold weather, especially because she demanded for lessons early in the mornings. He died of pneumonia in 1650.
Rene Descartes was born in La Haye en Touraine (now called Descartes, in the Touraine region of north-central France. At that time, the city had a mixed population of Catholics and Protestants.
March 31, 1596
Rene was enrolled
in jesuit college
He was joined the defense force of Maurice of Nassau, Dutch Republic
He was employed
by a law company
He MOVED TO
Discourse on Method
He wrote “Meditations on First Philosophy”
humain was written
René died on February 11, 1650 in Stockholm, Sweden while serving Queen christina
René Déscartes was born on 31 March 1596 in
La Haye en Touraine, (now known as Descartes), France. A year after the birth of Descartes, his mother Jeanne Brochard passed away. His father, Joachim, was a member of provincial parliament and also owned farms and houses. He received his early education at Jesuit Collège Royal Henry-Le-Grand at La Flèche, after which he went on to studied law at the University of Poitiers, as his father’s wished. In 1618, Descartes got placed in defense force of Maurice of Nassau, Dutch Republic. During this period he learned mathematics, in his spare time.
In 1637, he published his major work discourse on method(La Géométrie). La Géométrie introduced the algebra method used today ( a, b and c for known quantities and x, y and z for unknown quantities.) The book also introduced the cartesian plane.Descartes was the first person who proposed that each point in two dimensions can be described by two numbers on a plane, one giving the point’s horizontal location (x axis) and the other the vertical location (y axis), which have come to be known as Cartesian coordinates(named after descartes latin name).
In 1633, he wrote a book called le monde. He accepted Copernicus’s idea about the relationship between the earth and the sun, but was really careful to not offend the church’s authorities. The main difference was that Descartes maintained that there could be no vacuum, and all matter was constantly swirling to prevent a void as corpuscles moved through other matter. The World presents the creation of our solar system and the circular motion of planets around the Sun.
La description du corps humain
The Description of the Human Body (La description du corps humain) is an unfinished piece written in 1647 by René Descartes. Descartes felt knowing oneself was particularly useful. This for him included medical knowledge. He hoped to cure and prevent disease.
René Descartes believed the soul caused conscious thought. The body caused automatic functions like the beating of the heart and digestion he felt. The body was necessary for voluntary movement as well as the will. However, he believed the power to move the body was wrongly imagined to come from the soul. A sick or injured body does not do what we want or moves in ways we do not want. He believed the death of the body stopped it from being fit to bring about movement. This did not necessarily happen because the soul left the body.
René Descartes believed the body could exist through mechanical means alone. This included digestion, blood circulation, muscle movement and some brain function. He felt we all know what the human body is like because animals have similar bodies and we have all seen them opened up.
He saw the body as a machine. He believed the heat of the heart somehow caused all movement of the body. Blood vessels he realized were pipes, he saw that veins carried digested food to the heart.Descartes felt that an energetic part of blood went to the brain and there gave the brain a special type of air imbued with vital force that enabled the brain to experience, think and imagine. This special air then went through the nerves to the muscles enabling them to move.