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Hinduism & Buddhism

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Christene Stratman

on 29 September 2015

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Transcript of Hinduism & Buddhism

Hinduism & Buddhism
South Asia
Vedic Age
Vedas
: sacred knowledge originally preserved orally by Brahmin priests and eventually written down (Rig Veda)
Challenges to the Old Order
Jainism & Buddhism challenged the religious status quo & position of the Brahmins.
Varnas
Different Branches
Mahayana
: "Great Vehicle" branch, followed in China, Japan, Central Asia. Focus on reverence for Buddha (near god)
Buddhism & Hinduism
goal: nirvana
subcontinent
: physically isolated landmass
subtropical climate
monsoons
: seasonal winds that bring rain
3 harvests per year possible in some regions
monsoons and trade
Remember the Aryans?
Aryas: light-skinned, Indo-European peoples
Dasas: darker-skinned, Dravidian peoples
literally meant "color"
Jati
: further subdivisions, or castes, based on occupation
Classical Hinduism
c. 600 B.C.E
Upanishads: Symbolic, mystical, interpretation of Vedas
Belief in vast cosmic periods of creation and destruction
Belief in reincarnation
Recognition of multiple paths to salvation and truth
Polytheism
Acceptance and reverence for the Vedas
Hindu Beliefs
Sustainer
Creator
Destroyer
Unity in multiplicity?
Vishnu
Brahma
Shiva
330 million different gods representing different ethnic & linguistic traditions
atman
=
brahman
Moksha: liberation from the cycle of reincarnation
Message:
You are where you deserve to be.
Karma
Only by accepting your position & fufilling your duties can you improve your lot
Good
Bad
Jainism
540-468 BCE
Mahavira, Jina
non-violence towards all creatures
many practiced extreme asceticism,
Buddhism
Siddhartha Gautama: "The Buddha" Enlightened One
Four Noble Truths
1. Life is suffering
2. Suffering arises from desire
3. eliminate desire to eliminate suffering
4. desire can be curbed by following the "Eightfold Path"
goal: moksha
gods: non-theistic
gods: devotion helps us reach moksha
Soul: none
soul: atman
founding: Siddhartha Gautama
founding: developed over time
caste: has no bearing on enlightenment
caste: determines liberation
non-violent
reincarnation
Thervada
: "Way of the Elders", followed in Sri Lanka, & S. East Asia; closest to original buddhism (non-theistic, individual meditation)
c. 500 BCE
Buddhism & Hinduism
Buddhist Stupa
Hindu Temples
Why did Buddhism essentially die out in India, but flourish elsewhere?
Hindu Answer
Mahabharata: longest epic poem

Bhakti
: intense devotion to a god/goddess
Revitalized popular participation
Pilgrimages
Full transcript