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P210 L20-22 2015

UP: Eastward-ho!
by

Jeanne Sept

on 7 April 2015

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Transcript of P210 L20-22 2015

Colonizing New Worlds
Intensification & diaspora:
Individual & social identity
Human-Animal relationships
Space & Place
Toba 72,000 bp
Jawalpuram
Batadomba Lena
Sri Lanka
Foods:
snails
small & medium game
chopped & burned
wild fruits & nuts
Artifacts:
leaves & stems for matts, baskets, shelters
stone & bone points, grinding stones
shell ornaments, ochre, etc
Niah Cave
modern human remains
41-34,000 bp
Niah Cave:
modern human occupation by ~45,000bp
intensive exploitation of plants & animals
complex foraging lifestyle
simple stone artifacts
"invisible" material culture
arboreal & forest floor game:
tool kit?
Artifacts:
informal flaked stone tools
some sources >50 km
use-wear & residue analysis:
lots of hard/siliceous (bamboo or rattan)
some soft plant & palm wood
Organic remains!
bone & hair of animals
freshwater fish bones & scales
bird feathers
molluscs & insects
pollen, phytoliths, starch grains
wood charcoal, nut & fruit fragments
Bones: spatial segretation:
clustered in site
burnt & crushed, dumped out front of cave
Bones
Plants
low sea level during glacials
continental shelf was mainland
Modern humans arrive by 45,000 bp
Earlier populations still there!
Flores Island
New Guinea
deliberate or accidental?
> 70 km
regional maritime adaptations
floats & fiber
East Timor
Jerimalai Rockshelter
42,000 bp
5 km from coast
marine turtle, coastal & reef fish
deepwater tuna
40-28,000 bp
shore & reef fish
deepwater: tuna & shark
Australia
maritime

&

mountain
fish bones
hearths
simple cores & flakes
diverse animal remains
Bias: unchanging, primitive
heritage
Lake Mungo
rock art
petroglyphs
extinct marsupials
marsupial lion extinct 18,000 bp
Cuddie Springs
Extinctions
Anatomically Modern Humans DNA
horse & reindeer kill sites
mobile hunter-gatherers
Central Russian Plain
traps / snares?
fur?
Kostenki
Dolni Vestonice
shift from Aurignacian to Gravettian
Gravettian
~25,000 bp
hunter-gatherers
houses
"Venus" figurines
materials: stone, mammoth ivory & bone
arctic clothing
early Upper Paleolithic
~45 - 35,000 bp
Don River: open-air sites buried on river terraces
storage pits
central hearths
Style as social glue
Social security network
Mezhirich
stayed together in larger groups, year-round
unstable - requires constant ideological reinforcement
18,000 bp
stability?
ancestral places
social construction
of memorable landscapes
Pincevent
Solutrean & Magdalenian
emergence of social complexity
intensification
Mas d'Azil
Lascaux
Powerful iconography
18,000 - 12,000 bp
early grinding starchy foods
Paris basin as glaciers retreat
oldest joke?!
Sulawesi, Indonesia
Maros-Pankep Cave
caves dated 40-18,000
babirusa = pig-deer
Cave sequence:
20-13,000 yrs ago
UP stone tools
giant rat, dwarf elephant, Komodo dragon
Full transcript