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The Lakota - Standing Rock Sioux Tribe
Transcript of The Lakota - Standing Rock Sioux Tribe
Back-ground Info State AND Federally Recognized!!! Current Tribal Information! -The Lakota tribe is a division of the Sioux and is composed of seven tents or the seven council fires (also called the Oceti Sakowin ).
-The Standing Rock Sioux Tribe are one of the seven tents and are composed of
two even smaller subdivisions, the Hunkpapa (campers at the horn) and the Sihasapa (Blackfeet).
- They are members of the Dakota and Lakota nations and were given the name Nadouwesou ("adders") by the Ojibwe until the 17th century when French shortened the name to Sioux.
- Originally the tribes called themselves the Nakota/Dakota which means
"friends" or "allies" but it has also been translated as "an alliance of
friends". Population Information -According to their website, the Standing Rock Sioux total population count in 2002 was 8,508.
-In 2000 it was 8,225.
-In both years the growth rate was 3.4 which was higher than both North and South Dakota in 2002 and higher than North Dakota in 2000. Tribal Enrollment
Qualifications -Must have at least 1/4 degree or more of Sioux Indian blood
-Must have at least one parent or grandparent who is lawfully enrolled.
-Adopted children can only enroll if their biological mother was enrolled. When a man moves away from nature his heart becomes hard. - Lakota Historical Development Federal Government Interactions -Lakota lands were located in both South and North Dakota, as well as Minnesota
-The Hunkpapa and Sihasapa lived primarily in the lands between the Cheyenne, Missouri, Tongue, and Heart Rivers. -Originally a woodland tribe
-Became nomadic people whose lives revolved around the horse and the buffalo
-Lived in tepees year round Brief History Government! Traditions and Culture! -The United States signed two treaties with the Great Sioux Nation,
one in 1851 and one in 1868 to establish the tribe's boundaries as well
as rights to rule themselves independent of the United States Government.
-The Act of March 2, 1889 created a such a reduction in land that what
was left of the Standing Rock Sioux's lands became a reservation. Homelands The tribal seal features the date that the
Standing Rock Agency was moved up the
Missouri River, nearly fifty-five miles. It also illustrates the
eight districts of the
reservation with eight
symbolic white tepees
in a circle. Chief Sitting Bull Lived in tepees
year round! Charles W. Murphy Chairman Siouan language family Language Wanji - One
Nupa - Two
Yamni - Three
Topa - Four
Zaptan - Five To - Blue
Zi - Yellow
Amna - Pink
Sabya - Black
Gi -Brown Hau - Yes, Hello Tatonka The Arts! Hand made beaded moccasins. Beaded Native Dance Outfit Revitalization Efforts LLC - The Lakota Language Consortium
-'primary mission is the complete revitalization of the Lakota
language' - Constitution
- Eight District Reps Structure 'Today just 14 percent of Indians living on reservations in North
Dakota and South Dakota speak Lakota, according to 2000
-southdakotamagazine.com Current Lakota Fort Laramie
Treaty- 1868 The Great Sioux Reservation includes the
Black Hills as lands set aside for exclusive
use by their various tribes thanks to
United States recognition. The Standing Rock Legend There once was a Dakota man who married an Arikara woman. Together they had one son but soon the man grew tired of his wife and took a second. The first wife, jealous and angry, refused to move from the spot she had been sitting in when the camp packed up to leave so they left her. Her husband after a while, suggested someone go back for her before she killed herself and their son. The men who were sent came back with a wild tale of how she and the baby had turned to stone. The tribe returned to the camp and found the story true. They gave her honors and began a tradition of carrying her to all their camps where she was given another honor; being placed in the center of the camp. This persisted until she was brought to the Standing Rock Agency, where she was given a pedestal to sit upon in front of the agency.
-She is also featured on the tribal seal. 1831 - 1890 "If a man loses anything
and goes back and looks
carefully for it, he will find it." We know you as tatanka
Others call you the buffalo
You have been our symbol of life
Once abundant as far as the eye can see
You roamed the wide open plains wild and free
The sacred earth rumbled as we knew you were near
We prayed, as your harvest gave food, shelter, and tools
Throughout time you provided and we eternally thanked you
Recent events changed our culture, but you’ll forever be our breath
We continually yearn for you and give great praise to you and grandfather
Not to be forgotten, one day hopefully your thunder will be heard once again Sioux Corn Cookies Wagmiza Wasna 2 cups yellow cornmeal
1 cup oil
1 cup raisins
1/3 cup brown sugar
1. Use a skillet to toast cornmeal
2. Heat Oil
-Grind and mix raisins in oil
-Add toasted cornmeal (brown) and sugar
3. Stir thoroughly before pressing mixture on a cookie sheet.
4. "Eat by the handful, like candy."
Men usually wore breech cloths
with leggings, and buckskin shirts.
Only chiefs wore the impressive
feathered 'war-bonnets' and even
then they only did so on occasion. Women generally wore long dresses
made of buckskin and elk skins. They
also wore leggings, but their leggings
were not the same as the men's. Both
genders wore moccasins and in cold
weather, buffalo robes. Cradleboards
were used to protect infants. The Sun Dance It is a prayer and a sacrifice for the benefit of all Lakota.
It has also been described as the ultimate expression of faith,
and it is not a dance you "take part in voluntarily, but as a
result of a dream or vision."
Tribal Website: standingrock.org Tribal Programs -Food Distribution Program
-Fuel Assistant (Low Income Energy Assistant Program)
-Women Infants & Children (WIC)
-Ambulance Program 24-HOUR Emergency Service
-Bear Soldier Daycare Sitting Bull Youth
-First camp held was in 2008.
-Result of some thinking that the children of Standing Rock "needed strengthening of their cultural identity and language"
-Participants help prepare the grounds for the Sun Dance ceremony
- No initial funding so the camp relied on generosity from supporters of basically a culture camp. Economics The Standing Rock Sioux tribe operates two casinos, one with a lodge, a Quik Mart, Standing Rock Farms, and Standing Rock Sand and Gravel. Compare and Contrast -The Standing Rock operate similar to a corporation while the Navajo operate much the same as our United States government, with three branches and etc.
-Both populations are thriving and both reservations stretch across state lines. Council fails to oust Sioux
tribal chairman Charlie Murphy An effort to remove the Standing Rock Sioux tribal chairman for misconduct and neglect of office failed to pass muster when charges were formally heard Wednesday by the tribal council.
“Chairman (Charlie) Murphy is still Chairman Murphy,” said Archie Fool Bear, spokesman for Active Citizens for Tribal Truth, an organization that opposed the council’s intrusion into the executive branch of tribal government. “The vote didn’t go in favor of the charges.”
Murphy did not return three phone messages seeking comment.
The effort started earlier this month, when tribal council member Avis Little Eagle filed eight charges against the chairman, though only three were moved forward by the council at an earlier proceeding.
All of the charges related to various personnel moves under Murphy’s administration. Murphy did release his executive director, Cheryl Kary, under pressure from the council after she divided tribal programs under six department managers, rather than management by the council.
Murphy brought in witnesses during the seven-hour public hearing in Fort Yates.
In the end, and after discussion in a closed-door executive session, several council members who had originally voted to move the charges forward voted for Murphy at Wednesday’s hearing.
Two charges were voted down by margins of 12-3. A third was voted down 9-6, Fool Bear said. The tribal vice chairman conducted the meeting and did not vote, he said. March 28, 2012 The Bismarck Tribune
"NEWS." Standing Rock Sioux Tribe. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Oct. 2012. <http://www.standingrock.org/history/>.
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"Lakota Language Dictionary." Lakota Language Dictionary. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Oct. 2012. <http://www.sageandsweetgrass.com/dictionary.aspx>.
"The History and Culture of the." Tribal Historical Overview. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Oct. 2012. <http://www.ndstudies.org/resources/IndianStudies/standingrock/historical_gs_reservation.html>.
":: About LLC ::." :: About LLC ::. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Oct. 2012. <http://www.lakhota.org/html/about.html>. "Saving Their Language." South Dakota Magazine: Celebrating Life in South Dakota. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Oct. 2012. <http://southdakotamagazine.com/lakota-saving-their-language>."Native Americans Recipes - Sioux Corn Cookies (Wagmiza Wasna)." Native Americans Recipes - Sioux Corn Cookies (Wagmiza Wasna). N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Oct. 2012. <http://nativeamericans.mrdonn.org/recipes/corncookies.html>."Lakota Clothing." Lakota Clothing. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Oct. 2012. <http://www.ic.arizona.edu/ic/kmartin/School/lakota12.htm>."------- Hau Kola -------." ------- Hau Kola -------. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Oct. 2012. <http://www.hazelb.co.uk/sites/haukola/sioux_info.asp>."HOMELAND - Plains Indian Timeline 1640-1840." HOMELAND - Plains Indian Timeline 1640-1840. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Oct. 2012. <http://archive.itvs.org/homeland/timeline.html>. Sources: