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Temperate Grassland Project

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by

Matthew Furgele

on 4 March 2014

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Transcript of Temperate Grassland Project

Temperate Grassland Project
By Matthew Furgele, Tom Abraham and Kayla Czaplicki
General Description
Abiotic Factors
Temperate Grasslands are dominated by grass. This biome has some of the richest soil (in nutrients) in the world. Most people that live in this biome are farmers. The temperate grasslands in North America are called prairies. The major one in North America is called the Great Plain. Grasslands in Eurasia are called steppes. They are found in Ukraine and Russia. South America has grasslands called pampas. Pampas are located in Argentina and Uruguay. South Africa calls grasslands veldts. The temperatures can vary between seasons. It can be more than 100 degrees Fahrenheit and the winters are very cold. Rain happens during late spring and early summer. The average of the rainfall is 20-35 inches and most of this is snow. Most animals in the temperate grasslands are large grazing mammals, birds and reptiles.
Picture of the Temperate Grassland
Kingdom- Animalia
Scientific name-
Cynomys leucurus
White-tailed prairie dogs
American Bison
Kingdom- Animalia
Scientific name-
Bison bison
Pronghorn
Kingdom-Animalia
Scientific Name-
Antilocapra americana
Asters
Kingdom- Plantae
Scientific name-
Aster amellus
Purple Needlegrass
Kingdom- Plantae
Scientific name-
Nasella pulchra
Buffalo Grass
Kingdom- Plantae
Scientific Name-
Bouteloua dactyloides
Cottonwood Tree
Kingdom- Plantae
Scientific Name-
Populus fremontii
Goldenrod
Kingdom- Plantae
Scientific name-
Solidago canadensis
Ruffed Grouse
Kingdom- Animalia
Scientific name-
Bonasa umbellus
Kingdom- Fungi
Scientific name-
Arbuscular mycorrhizal
The fungi helps to break
apart and enrich soil, and
also traps water and minerals which helps surrounding plants.
There are several abiotic factors in the temperate grasslands biome. One of them is temperature; the average temperature of the temperate grasslands ranges from about 20°F- 100°F. The temperature dictates when plants can grow and how animals behave. Another is the weather, such as rain and storms. Rain amounts control the amount of growth and through that the population of different species of animals inhabiting temperate grasslands. In addition, another abiotic factor is wildfires. Wildfires spread often and can burn most of the wildlife down and greatly limit the amount of food until plants grow back.
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