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The Road to Disunion
Transcript of The Road to Disunion
the American Civil War Issue of Slavery States' Rights and Nullification - As the U.S. grew, major differences began showing
up between the North and South.
* States' Rights
* Economic (Agricultural vs. Industry)
- Disagreement in all three areas would lead to a
defining event in American history:
* THE CIVIL WAR States’ rights are the amount of power a state government has in relation to the amount of power held by the federal government in making decisions.
What is Federalism? http://www.brainpop.com/socialstudies/ushistory/civilwarcauses/ Before America gained its independence:
In Georgia, the Trustees' rules mandated that slavery was not allowed.
Once it was legalized in the late 1750’s, slavery grew quickly due to Georgia’s agriculture based economy.
Slavery grew exponentially with the invention of the cotton gin, mechanical reaper, and railroad systems. As cotton production and profits grew in the South, so did the region's dependency on Slavery.
Planters needed slaves to:
Operate the cotton gins
The economy of the south depended largely on slave labor to export its most important crop. The gap between the North and South widened every time the U.S. gained more territory.
The South hoped for slavery to expand into the new territories while many in the North wanted it, at the very least, to be contained to where it already existed. State
Gov't Pre-Civil War Free States vs. Slave States BrainPop:
http://www.brainpop.com/socialstudies/ushistory/slavery/ In the 1800s, more and more factories were being built in the North, while farming remained the most common way of life in the South.
Northerners wanted to sell their goods in the south but it was often cheaper for Southerners to buy things from Europe.
To help Northerners, President Jackson put a tariff on imported goods in 1828.
This tariff would make European goods more costly than those from the North, forcing Southerners to buy from the North. Nullify: to declare invalid, or no longer legal and binding In response, Southerners express their anger, resulting in the "nullification controversy."
Many people, including some Georgians, wanted to nullify the federal tax.
Only South Carolina passed an actual Ordinance of Nullification in 1832 and threatened to withdraw from the Union.
Andrew Jackson threatened to attack South Carolina if they attempted to leave the union.
Jackson's threat works and South Carolina does not withdraw... YET.
* The crisis ended when Henry Clay developed a plan which lowered the tariff over a 10 year period. Even though the United States had abandoned their confederacy decades earlier, many people still felt that states should have final authority, not the federal government.
This strong belief in states' rights was a major reason for the Civil War. Ultimately, the nullification controversy showed how strongly Southerners felt about states' rights. The Clashing Point:
issues always involved the slave based agriculture system of the South and the manufacturing based economy of the North.