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How Manga Has Developed Over Time

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Ellen Knowles

on 25 September 2015

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Transcript of How Manga Has Developed Over Time

How Has Visual Language Developed In Manga?
Genres
The style that manga is drawn in can be determined by the genre it is for. Like genres of literature manga series can be categorized into different genres such as horror or fantasy. Fantasy manga are usually drawn in a more cartoonish style. Other genres such as romance or horror are generally drawn in a more realistic way. I plan to experiment with these different styles. Also I will see how manga that belong to the same genre compare.
The Japanese Gallery
I will go to The Japanese Gallery that is in London and do observational drawings of the artwork. The gallery exhibits both pieces of traditional manga and slightly more recent manga. It could be useful to see original manga pieces in person to be able to see exactly how different manga has become from the original type.
Manga
Manga is defined as a style of Japanese comics and graphic novels. They are generally aimed at both adults and children.
Over the years it has changed greatly. Modern manga is a mixture of Western comic styles and traditional Japanese picture scrolls.
Manga Origins
Before it was influenced by Western styles manga took the form of traditional Japanese picture scrolls. These would be read from left to write and were meant for elite audiences. They are very detailed and drawn in 2D. Some aspects from the original are used in modern manga. I intend to experiment with both modern and traditional manga to see how the visual language has changed.
Anime
Anime is animated manga. Many manga series have been developed into anime. Sometimes the way in which characters are drawn changes when the manga is animated. Most of the time the character designs are kept the same or if there are any changes then key aspects of the designs are generally kept.
Culture
Modern manga is influenced by both Western and Japanese cultures. Features of Japanese history and culture is often used in manga and can impact how characters and drawn and such things as props or backgrounds. These features are often used with aspects of modern day life. I plan to see how the two cultures can effect how the manga is drawn.
Types of Manga
Western comics have played a huge part in the development of manga. Another reason for its changes would be how different types of manga have emerged that target different age groups.

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Shonen
-targeted at young boys under the age of 15
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Seinen
-targeted at young men at the ages 15-24
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Shojo
-targeted at girls at the ages 10-18
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Josei
-targeted at adult women
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Kodomomuke
-targeted at young children


These are examples of shonen manga.
-style-different styles-why different styles are used-how they show emotion-characteristics
-stories
-how it has developed into anime
-how it has developed into different types and genres
-history behind manga-influences
-development
-how style is different from traditional Japanese illustrations
-how it is still influenced by Japanese culture and society

How has manga developed over time?
Topics
This is an example of a Seinen series.
This is an example of a horror manga called Attack on Titan by Hajime Isayama.
Shaman King by Hiroyuki Takei
Mushishi by Yuki Urushibara
Kuroko No Basuke by Tadatoshi Fujimaki. is another example of a manga that has been developed into an anime.
This is an example from the series Tokyo Ghoul.

I intend to practice the styles of the different types to help me see how manga has developed into a wide range of styles for different ages. Simplistic styles are mostly targeted at young children and more detailed manga is usually targeted at older readers.
Noragami by Adachitoka
Hyōka by Honobu Yonezawa
Natsume Yuujinchou by Yuki Midorikawa
For primary research I will take pictures or do observational drawings of people in poses similar or different from the poses of the characters from the manga. Manga comics are sold in most book shops so I would be able to access artists work by buying them and looking at the designs. Also I can access anime easily through the internet. I would then draw from both of them.
Primary Research
This is from the manga Natsume Yuujinchou
Ghost Hunt by Fuyumi Ono
I intend to practice drawing in the style of the artists from different time periods. These will be based on their work and once I have practiced enough I intend to use their styles with my own primary research. This will help me to attain an understanding of how styles have changed. Then I will do both drawing and water colour paintings to explore how manga and anime styles either differ or remain the same. With this I will also attempt to make a basic animation to get a simple idea about how making anime works. Furthermore, I intend to draw manga from different genres and types using a range of mixed media such as ink and pencil. Throughout all my practical work I will attempt to develop my own style.
Practical Work
Bleach by Tite Kubo
I did these drawings based on the series Natsume Yuujinchou. I tried to adapt the style to create my own characters.
I attempted to do this drawing in a shojo style.
The first drawing is done more realistically than the other.
Practice
This is an example of horror called Tokyo Ghoul and is by Sui Ishida.
This is an example of of manga that belongs in the genre of fantasy, called Soul Eater by Atsushi Ōkubo.
This series is called One piece by Eiichiro Oda. It is an example of an adventure manga.
Due to the advancement in technology the quality of anime has gone up over the years. I will experiment with the style of manga and anime to see if there are any differences. Moreover I will compare the styles of anime from different times.
Anime visual language
The first image is an example from an anime made in 1989 called Dragon Ball Z and the second is from an anime known as Fairy Tail that started in 2009. These anime were made twenty years apart and there are distinct differences with the quality of the art design.
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