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Transcript of FAUVISM
Art Elective Programme A good start to
the new term What were the two major world events that happened between 1914 and 1945? (1)Punctuality to class and in handing in homework
if not, everyone stays back for the same amount of time that the last person to arrive was late.
if not, student stays back to finish up the work. Impressionism
the emphasis on light
capturing the moment
using quick and expressive brushstrokes
Claude Monet, Edgar Degas, Auguste Renoir, Edouard Manet Leaving Impressionism and Post-Impressionism behind... When? 1904-1908
Who? Henri Matisse, Andre Derain, Maurice Vlaminck
How? Used pure, brilliant colour, applied straight from the paint tubes in an aggressive, direct manner to create a sense of an explosion on the canvas. FAUVISM Born in France in 1869, Died 1954 (Aged 85)
The son of a middle-class family, started out studying to be a lawyer HENRI MATISSE:
A video lecture What?
The Fauves painted directly from nature as the Impressionists had before them
But their works were invested with a strong expressive reaction to the subjects they painted
Colours used are non-naturalistic.
First formally exhibited in Paris in 1905
Fauvist paintings shocked visitors to the annual Salon d'Automne
One of these visitors was the critic Louis Vauxcelles, who, because of the violence of their works, dubbed the painters "Les Fauves" (Wild Beasts). Andre Derain,
Self-Portrait in Studio, 1880 Henri Matisse,
1906 Dinner Table, 1897, Oil on canvas. Luxe, Calme Et Volupte, 1904, Oil on canvas Woman with the Hat, 1905 If you want your colours to seem more intense,
you have to use MORE of them. 3. "A kilogram of green is greener than half a kilogram of green."
What do you think this means? The Roofs of Collioure, 1905 Harmony in Red, 1908 6. "What Matisse recognized is that colours don't work in isolation. They always work in terms of how they interact with those around them."
What do you think of this quote? Do you agree? Why? Dance II, 1909-1910, Oil on canvas Music, 1910, Oil on canvas Icarus, 1947 Expectations and Consequences
from teachers (2)Attentiveness in class
if not, you get one warning, after which you will
stand at the back of the classroom. (3)Participation in lessons
if not, you will stay back to have a talk with
the teachers about your interest in art. Expectations and Suggestions
from students Write on your post-it:
(1)How you expect yourself to behave
(2)How you expect your classmates to behave
(3)Suggestions for the kind of lessons you want to have Post-Impressionism
scientific explorations in pointilism and colour theory (Seurat)
experimenting with unnatural colours (Gauguin)
bright colours and expressive brushstrokes (Van Gogh) Based on everything we’ve learned about Matisse today,
especially his use of colour, in the next lesson we will be:
(1)Constructing your own colour wheel
(3)Experimenting with complementary colour schemes
So you must: Bring your painting equipment! 7. What did cutting out paper to make artworks allow Matisse to focus on? Also, in 1941, Matisse was diagnosed with
cancer and weakened considerably.
He moved to Vence, in the south of France, to receive treatment and to escape from the bombings in Paris. And now, some interesting
and entertaining letters
from you guys to Vincent... Andre Derain, Big Ben, 1906 Claude Monet, Houses of Parliament, 1904 Compare these two paintings:
1. What is the subject matter of each painting?
2. What are the different colours used in each painting?
3. What are the different brushstrokes used in each painting?
4. What are the different effects created in each painting? ‘Colours became charges of dynamite. They were supposed to discharge light. It was a fine idea in its freshness, that everything could be raised above the real.’ Pont de Charing Cross, 1906 Charing Cross Bridge, 1906 a) A question will be posed on screen and also on your handout
b) A clip from the video will be shown
c) We will return to the question on the screen and discuss the answer based on what we just watched
d) We will also take a closer look at the paintings by Matisse that were mentioned in each video clip Format of Video Lecture: 1. How did Matisse start to
be interested in painting? At 19 years of age, Matisse had appendicitis and was bedridden for months. His mother gave him a set of paints and that was how he started painting. Still Life with Books and Candle, 1890, Oil on canvas 2. Why did Matisse first start out painting like this? Matisse’s early style was a conventional form of naturalism, and he made many copies after the old masters. How does this painting show the influence of Impressionism? How does this painting show the influence of Post-Impressionism? 4. What traditional conventions of painting did Matisse break with paintings like these? Matisse broke conventions of light, shadow, perspective, and imperceptible brushstrokes were broken.
To express his feelings about Collioure, Matisse decided to ignore all of that and use colour purely and simply. 5. How did Matisse use colours? Matisse used colours on the opposite of the colour wheel such as red and green.
Can you identify them in these two paintings? Colours produce different effects when used together.
Using only a few colours can produce a greater intensity.
Matisse wanted his colours to “sing together,”
like “a chord in music.” Pure colour, even without brushstrokes
Extremely basic forms that you can cut out with a scissors
However, the colour and the forms were still highly expressive in the intensity of the story that they were telling. The Snail, 1953 8a. Can you describe the colours used in this artwork?
8b. Can you see any relationships between the colours used in this artwork?