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Transcript of Black Panthers
Bobby Seale (25) left
Huey Newton (30) right originated in oakland, CA (1966)
(response to police brutality)
group under doctrine
provacative militant posture
HUEY NEWTON youngest child growing up in CA, poor but loving family.
went to poor high school, couldn't read (once said finishing Plato's Republic gave him incentive to be a leader.)
victim of segregation and discrimination. Teacher's said YOU CAN'T
Arrested many times as a teen for petty theft, weapon posession, vandalism. "Studied law to become a better burglar." To support himself.
Wanted to prove disbelievers wrong. Merit College- joined Afro-American Assoc. where he met Bobby. Studied Malcom X, Marx, Che Guevera.
jailed for 6 months for weapon at age 22 (solitary confinement).
"Minister of Defense" of Black Panther Organization
BLACK PANTHER PARTY (originally "For Self Defense") "I have the people behind me and the people are my strength." BOBBY SEALE grew up in a segregated Dallas, Texas kicked out of airforce INVOLVEMENTS IN COURT "Chicago 8"
(1968 Democratic National Convention)
New Haven Black Panther Trials
(1970 murder trial of Alex Rackley) “We don't hate nobody because
of their color. We hate oppression” OBJECTIVE ’Black Panther Party Platform and Program’ full employment for the black American community
full civil rights
good educational facilities ACHIEVEMENT FREE HUEY most powerful movement for social change in America
since the Revolution of 1776 and the Civil War revolutionary
media "Any unarmed people are slaves, or are
subject to slavery at any given moment." FBI chief J. Edgar Hoover deemed "the greatest
threat to the internal security of the United States." << Huey Newton 1966-started with 5,000 members men, women, white, black, teenagers, scholars, convicts, olympians, actors ON THE OTHER HAND... weapons did not replace order
members had to follow rules on and off "duty." Every member of the party must know the rules verbatim by heart. Any part member found shooting narcotics will be expelled from this party.
No party member will use, point, or fire a weapon of any kind unnecessarily or accidentally at anyone
Communications--all chapters must submit weekly reports in writing to the National Headquarters.
If we ever have to take captives do not ill-treat them.
No party member can join any other army force, other than the Black Liberation Army.
"I do not expect the white media to create positive black male images."
-Newton WHITE MEDIA BLACK MEDIA "There will be no prison which
can hold our movement down." After Newton's 1967 arrest, the protest gained rapid support for BP Party new members took 6 week training class and political education classes many trials for many years
some deemed guilty, some innocent,
to a death
word of mouth
strong figure heads