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African American Culture Presentation
Transcript of African American Culture Presentation
Michelle Dow Religion and Culture Nursing and Culture Nutritional Patterns Communication Social Organization The Tuskegee Experiments Some Cultural Background Education Religion Discussion Points African American Defined Introduction Religion and Culture
Time Orientation and Space
Health Beliefs and Practices
Death and Dying African Americans often have a strong Christian background, although many follow Islam.
It is common for African Americans to turn to the church in times of struggle.
Religious beliefs have a huge impact on health beliefs. Many have a strong belief that healing comes from God and depends on how "good" they are at their faith. Family structure is largely matriarchal, but the father may take on the decision-making role.
Elders are highly respected in African American culture.
Family groups are typically very close and may include non-relatives. According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, as of March 2008:
10% have less than a high school diploma
35% are high school graduates, with no college
31% have some college or an Associate degree
23% have a Bachelor's degree or higher In the African American population, especially the older generation, there may be distrust toward health care. This is in large part thanks to the infamous Tuskegee Experiments.
In 1932, a study called the "Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male" was started. It involved 600 black men, 399 with syphilis and 201 who did not. These men were misled to obtain their consent and were never given adequate treatment of their disease.
The study lasted until 1972, and was discontinued after an Associated Press Story caused public outcry. Many African American dishes are connected to times of slavery. Cooking styles today are very similar to those used by the Africans brought to America.
African American cuisine is called "Soul food" and originates from making meals from less desirable cuts of meat.
Common fruits and vegetables in African American cuisine include yams, okra, watermelon, peaches, mint, corn , cornmeal, hearty greens, potatoes and cabbage. Know that they may have a different word or meaning to what you might think
Saying that their hair is oily or dry might offend them
Ask about religious beliefs upfront
Include the patient in the decision making process
Use open ended questions Families tend to be matriarchal, although fathers may still play a role in decision-making.
Family may be extended to non-related friends.
The older generation can be more conservative, holding traditional gender roles and shunning interracial marriage.
Child rearing is often authoritarian, with spanking being a common form of punishment.
Elders are rarely institutionalized, with children caring for their aging parents. Webster's Dictionary defines the term "African American" as a black American of African descent. Time, Orientation, and Space Health Beliefs and Practices Questions? Time orientation varies according to age, socioeconomic status, and subculture and may include past, present, and future orientation.
African American patients may not be on time for procedures, because medical appointments tend to be of less value than family and friends.
Interactions among close friends and family are often in the intimate space. Terms to know are bad blood, falling out, falling off, sugar, low blood, and high blood.
Many African Americans will accept illness as a punishment for sin, even if they understand the biomedical explanation.
Blood is a key concept in traditional health beliefs, and illness is typically divided into natural and unnatural forms.
African Americas typically have higher incidences of hypertension and diabetes. Death and Dying African Americans take a holistic view of death, considering birth and death a part of the life cycle.
Cremation is generally avoided and organ donation may be viewed as desecration of the body.
Many will want to utilize life support as long as necessary.
Ideally, a clergyman of the dying person's faith should be present at the time of passing. Black History Month Every February is dedicated to celebrating the African American culture and remembering important people and events in Black history.