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Framing Fan Fiction: Archival Infrastructures as Consent Negotiations
Transcript of Framing Fan Fiction: Archival Infrastructures as Consent Negotiations
Shows Used in On the Prowl
New Moon, Memento, I, Robot, Terminator: The Sarah Connor Chronicles, The Saltan Sea, Starsky & Hutch, Quantum Leap, American Psycho, Doctor Who, The Outsiders, Supernatural, Point Break, Man on Fire, Smallville, Merlin, The Matrix: Revolutions, Say Anything, The Boondock Saints, Burn Notice, Casino Royale, Hercules: The Legendary Journeys, Terminator, Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Farscape, Lethal Weapon, Bones, Heroes, The X-Files, Fight Club, Sherlock Holmes, Life on Mars, Bladerunner, 12 Monkeys, Terminator: Salvation, The Covenant, The Crow, Star Trek: Reboot, Due South, Roadhouse, Spartacus: Blood and Sand, Firefly, The Vampire Diaries, Lost, Legend of the Seeker, True Blood, Torchwood, Angel: The Series, The Empire Strikes Back, The Davinci Code, Dexter, Wise Guy, Die Hard, Spiderman, The Princess Bride, Criminal Minds, Stargate: Atlantis, Near Dark, China Beach, Star Trek: Next Generation, Carnivale, Invisible Man, Wolverine: Origins, Indiana Jones and the Raiders of the Lost Ark
a) No dead bodies. We decided that was too much of a line even for us. (We also didn't castrate anyone! But that was more incidental.)
b) No blood spilt before a certain point in the vid (1:08) -- everything before that can bruise but not break the skin.
c) Must hold off on the full-on torture until 2/3rds of the way through the vid.
Angel, Buffy the Vampire Slayer
Holmes, Sherlock Holmes (2009)
10th Doctor, Doctor Who
James Bond, Casino Royale
Captain Jack, Torchwood
Han Solo, The Empire Strikes Back
Jean Luc Picard, Star Trek: TNG
Sam Winchester, Supernatural
And then I wanted more...
Source: T. Jonesy&Killa, Closer (2004)
Warnings and content notes as consent negotiations between readers and writers
Community finds ways to safeguard violent fantasies through specific framing
Frames most often paratextual: author’s notes and community guidelines
Gérard Genette, Paratexts: The Threshold of Interpretation (1977)
“These two actions are to get
the book read and to get the book read properly.” (197)
“They came to be called ‘headers’ in all online fan fiction communities; one of my points is how significant this first group was in terms of setting up templates and rules and precedents that other online groups followed."(146)
Abigail Derecho, “Illegitimate Media: Race, Gender and Censorship in Digital Remix Culture (2008)
alt.tv.x-files.creative, archived on gossamer.org
http://www.trekiverse.org/FAQ/ for alt.startrek.creative
Fan Fiction Headers
[W]arnings are the author's request for consent. By continuing past cut-tags, headers, and preliminary pages, the reader implicitly consents to what may follow.…As readers, we are responsible for knowing our own limits, our own boundaries, and crossing those limits with forethought and care.
(the_drifter, LJ September 15, 2003)
Warnings as Consent Negotiation
The writer promises that these are the features that the story will contain and, furthermore, that it does not contain others.
Headers inform potential readers and ask them to explicitly agree that they understand what they are about to read.
The reader takes responsibility for her own reading experience when opening the story.
T.Jonesy&Killa, Closer (2004)
“at the heart of the community something both more meaningful and more dangerous lay hidden.”
Camille Bacon Smith, Enterprising Women (1992)
"the 'hurt-comfort' material, which pictures nurturance as a lot of open sexual touching and strong emotional intimacy [is] something that has become a sexual cue, not anything resembling real help or real illness."
Joanna Russ, "Pornography by Women for Women, With Love" (1985)
SSC (safe, sane, and consensual)
RACK (risk-aware consensual kink)
conscious and conscientious power exchange foregrounding risk awareness and mutual consent
ethics of care
ethos of consent
Framing of Rape Fiction
thematized within the story
explicitly articulated in the paratext
shared risk-aware consensual kink spaces
inscribed in the communities themselves
Hydra Trash Party
not exactly consensual; just slight non-con; violent rape; rape by proxy; major trigger warning for rape/non-con; so non-con like really wow.
Disclaimer: This story contains content that should not be read by people underneath the age of 21. It is 100% fiction and has no bearing on reality whatsoever. 100% fiction means real life rape is WRONG. Please read the story codes above to ensure that you are not going to be offended by, or otherwise dislike, the content.
media fandom itself can function as a contextual interpretive space