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Infant Life Cycle and Nutrition

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Mary Lou Martinez

on 12 December 2012

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Transcript of Infant Life Cycle and Nutrition

Infant Life Cycle & Nutrition * Requirements for macronutrients and micronutrients are
higher on a per–kilogram basis during infancy and childhood
than at any other developmental stage: Energy, water &
essential fatty acids

* Infants experience rapid growth in a short amount of time, and
need proper nutrition to fuel their development.

* Breast milk is the most nutritious feeding option for your baby,
however if breast-feeding is not a feasible option, an iron-fortified formula also meets all of baby's nutritional needs

* Although breast milk is considered the best feeding option for
babies, it doesn't contain high amounts of vitamin D. Lack of
vitamin D can cause vitamin D-deficiency rickets, which
softens and weakens the bones. Nutritional Needs at the Infant Stage * Your baby needs about 116 calories per kilogram for the first three months of life and about 100 calories per kilogram for the rest of the first year.
* Macronutrients: The composition of your baby's diet differs from that of older children and you should focus on providing higher levels of fat and lower levels of protein.
* Vitamins and minerals: Your baby needs all of the essential vitamins and minerals that adults do, including vitamins C, A, D, E and K, calcium, iron, potassium and folic acid. How are needs different at this stage * Adding some nutrients to the diet at certain stages may help prevent deficiencies and their associated diseases
* One reason that breast milk is preferable over formula is that it contains antibodies and immune cells that help fight disease
* Vitamin D is most well known for its role in boosting bone health and helping prevent the bone disease rickets
How important is nutrition at this stage in preventing future disease * Need proper nutrition to sustain the rapid growth that occurs throughout the first years.
* Improper nutrition can lead to:
- Rickets
- Weak bones
- Stunt growth
- Body not developing properly
- Impede mental development How might nutrition affect growth,
development, & learning at this stage? * Malnutrition
- Poor diet
- Frequent illness
- Inadequate or inattentive care
What are some current nutritional issues that might affect this group? Melissa Rivera
Norma Martinez
Mary Lou Martinez
University of Phoenix
SCI 220 Human Nutrition MU12ELC08
Dr. Amin Boroujerdi References Coila, B. (2011, May 12). What is the difference in nutrition for infants versus other stages of life?. Retrieved from http://www.livestrong.com/article/441161-what-is-the-difference-in-nutrition-for-infants-versus-other-stages-of-life/
Crawford, N. (Sept, 1 20). Nutrional needs at the infant stage in life.. Retrieved from http://www.livestrong.com/article/530220-nutritional-needs-at-the-infant-stage-in-life/
Hawthorne, M. (2011, September 02). How important is nutrition at preschool age in preventing future diseases?. Retrieved from http://www.livestrong.com/article/531038-how-important-is-nutrition-at-preschool-age-in-preventing-future-diseases/
Health education to villages . (n.d.). Retrieved from http://Link: http://hetv.org/programmes/nutrition.htm

Energy Expenditure and Physical Activity in Recovering Malnourished Infants. (2010, December). Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism , 2010(), 7. Retrieved from http://ehis.ebscohost.com/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=4bebe24b-489e-44ba-97d3-311db39abf22%40sessionmgr4&vid=7&hid=3

Ball, S.D., Brunstetter, V.L., & Chan, G.M. (2008, June). Maternal-administered physical activity enhances bone mineral acquisition in premature very low birth weight infants.. , 7(6), 1.
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