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Ancient Egypt vs Ancient Greece

History FSE
by

Lauren D

on 27 January 2013

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Transcript of Ancient Egypt vs Ancient Greece

Ancient Egypt Ancient Greece Egypt Greece Land was not productive for growing anything but grapes Government Agriculture Democratic government - people were given a say in how their country was run 500 citizens were appointed as law-makers each year Politicians were not voted into power; the person with the least amount of votes against them (on black pottery called ostraka) was chosen Ostraka Religion Zeus Athena Poseidon Polytheistic religion consisting of various, intertwining myths 12 main gods and goddesses, including Zeus, Poseidon, Athena, Apollo and Aphrodite Voting was done in an assembly, which was often very confusing because of the large amount of men there (only men could vote) Athenian democracy did not always work very well because the general population was often uneducated about events Everything that happened in ancient Greece was attributed to the gods; if someone's house burned down, Zeus must have been angry with them and threw a lightning bolt at their house Religion inspired much of the impressive writing, art and architecture that was created in Ancient Greece Science & Writing Ancient Greek Alphabet Hippocrates :
father of modern medicine Ancient Greek
screw Homer Ancient Greece had their own alphabet, based off of the Phoenicians The works of Homer, Heroditus, Plato and Aristotle (ancient Greek philosophers) are still read today Hippocrates' 'humours' theory was one of the first theories examining personality, making him a pioneer of psychology The gear, the screw and the steam engine were all created in ancient Greece Zoology and botany were pioneered by Aristotle Hippocrates was the first to determine that all ailments had physical causes, not divine causes as previously thought Boys went to school beginning at age six to learn a variety of things including math, reading and writing; girls could study at home Zoology was pioneered
by Aristotle Ancient Greek boys
at school Had to trade for food Jobs Upper Class artist philosopher government official Middle/Middle-Lower Class merchant manufacturer tradesman craftsman farmer soldier Lower Class slave Trade Athenian cargo ship Ancient Greek trade in Athens employed the use of cargo ships Athens traded with Asia, Sicily, Egypt, Phoenicia and North Aegean Imports included: grain, glass, perfumes, ivory, timber, pitch and weapons Exports included: olive oil, wine, silver, white marble, pottery and jewelery Athenian trade utilized coinage for currency; the Athenian owl was one of the first types of coinage ever minted Athenian owl coin Class Structure Upper Class Did not have to work Had slaves do everything for them Had abundance of free time Middle/Middle-Lower Class Middle class men always had jobs Middle-Lower class men were lucky if they had jobs - did not make much money Middle class men were non-citizens who had lived their whole lives in Athens Middle-Lower class men were former slaves or immigrants Slave Class Considered citizens one had to have Athenian lineage to receive citizenship rights Consisted of prisoners of war,
captives and infants saved from criminals Received no wages Women were not considered citizens, but had higher standing in society than slaves * Agriculture The Nile River made Ancient Egyptian
agriculture so successful The yearly flooding of the Nile River created very fertile soil called kemet; it allowed for bountiful harvests Ancient Egyptians harvesting Crops grown in Ancient Egypt included: wheat, corn, barley, figs, melons, pomegranates, vines and grain Tools used for cultivation included: hoes, rakes, sickles and ploughs; tools were usually made of a wood or a combination of wood and stone - occasionally, copper was used Mud-brick reservoirs and irrigation canals were created to hold and transport water so that crops would not wither once the Nile River had stopped flooding Ancient Egypt had three seasons, based on the cycles of the Nile River Seasons Akhet: Flooding Season (June - September):
No farming was done Peret: Growing Season (October - February):
Soil was ploughed and seeded Shemu: Harvesting Season (March - May):
All crops were harvested before flooding began again Government Egypt was led politically and religiously, by a pharaoh Pharaoh Pharaohs were said to represent the Egyptian gods on earth - the pharaoh received his or her powers from them Pharaohs made all of the laws Pharaohs were in control of the military and had the power to send the army to attack with a simple command Religion Polytheistic religion, consisting of various, intertwining myths 114 main gods, including Horus, Isis, Seth, Tefnut and Osiris Everything that happened in Ancient Egypt was attributed to the gods Egyptian pharaohs were considered gods Religion inspired much of the impressive writing, art and architecture that was created in Ancient Egypt Horus Isis Seth Science & Writing Great Pyramid of Giza Mummy Rosetta Stone The Egyptian pyramids, perhaps one of the greatest feats of architecture ever, began to be built in 2584 BC The Ancient Egyptians utilized early embalming techniques on their dead; this process is now known as mummification -bodies were stripped of vital organs, dried out, wrapped in bandages and placed in coffins The Ancient Egyptians felt the need to document information; they utilized a script called hieroglyphs Hieroglyphs are about 5000 years old and have origins in cuneiform One of the most important discoveries of the ancient world was found in Egypt - the Rosetta Stone; it presented the key to understanding hieroglyphs (Greek script on the stone provided a translation) Jobs Ancient Egyptian Farmer Ancient Egyptian Soldier Jobs were mostly inherited, unless one showed particular talent for a trade The highest quality job in Ancient Egypt was that of a pharaoh Jobs for regular Ancient Egyptians included priest, craftsman, worker, soldier, scribe artist, teacher, fisherman, architect, builder, dancer, acrobat and astrologer The lowest quality job available in Ancient Egypt was that of a slave Trade Ancient Egyptian ship Ancient Egyptians utilized the seaway transport system that was at their disposal to create larger trade routesEgypt Ancient Egyptians traded with as many other countries as possible Ancient Egypt was known to trade with Nubia, Byblos, Punt, Anatolia, Afghanistan, Greece and Crete Imports included: gold, timber, ebony, ivory, tin, copper, olive oil, blue stone lapis lazuli and exotic animals (such as monkeys) Exports included: grain, linen, papyrus, glass and stone objects Lapis lazuli Monkeys - an appealing import Class Structure Upper Class pharaoh and family noblemen priests Middle Class craftsmen workers soldiers farmers Lower Class slaves *Women were not considered to be in any of the classes, but they had more standing in society than slaves Similarities Similarities Polytheistic religion Everyday occurrences attributed to divine intervention Religion and politics were intertwined Religion inspired much of both civilizations' impressive writing, art and architecture Upper class people did not have to work for a living Middle class people had to work hard to make a living Usage of cargo ships for trading purposes Women were not recognized as members of any particular class, but they had more standing in society than slaves Thanks for watching http://ancientegypt.co.uk/gods/explore/main.html

http://ancientegypt.co.uk/life/home.html

http://ancientegypt.co.uk/mummies/home.html

http://ancientegypt.co.uk/mummies/story/main.html

http://ancientegypt.co.uk/pharaoh/home.html

http://ancientegypt.co.uk/pyramids/home.html

http://ancientegypt.co.uk/writing/rosetta.html

http://ancientegypt.co.uk/temples/home.html

http://ancienthistory.about.com/cs/hippocrates/a/hippocraticmeds.htm

http://atschool.eduweb.co.uk/sirrobhitch.suffolk/portland%20state%20university%20greek%20civilization%20home%20page%20v2/docs/7/ryan.html

http://augie.edu/dept/history/athe.htm

http://chiddingstone.kent.sch.uk/homework/egypt/farming.htm

http://civilization.ca/cmc/exhibitions/civil/greece/gr1010e.shtml

http://crystalinks.com/EgyptTrade.html

http://egypt.mrdonn.org/professions.html

http://egyptiandiamond.com/ancient-egyptian-trade.php

http://greece.mrdonn.org/education.html

http://greece.mrdonn.org/government.html

http://greece.mrdonn.org/greekgods/index.html

http://historyforkids.org/learn/greeks/literature/greeklit.htm

http://king-tut.org.uk/ancient-egyptians/ancient-egyptian-jobs.htm

http://msh.councilforeconed.org/documents/978-1-56183-758-8-activity-lesson-09.pdf

http://nemo.nu/ibisportal/0egyptintro/1egypt/index.htm

http://projects.cbe.ab.ca/glendale/showcase/utopia/class_structure.html

http://sptimes.com/Egypt/EgyptCredit.4.3.html Bibliography
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