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Body Image

How to address body image in the classroom
by

Christine Antoniou

on 15 October 2013

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Transcript of Body Image

Strategies to enable students to have a positive self image Amy Vine s3286685, Claire Liston s3286688 & Christine Antoniou s3284248 Body Image in schools HEALTHY CLASSROOMS How you perceive, think and feel about your body and your appearance. It is also about how a person believes the outside world views their body and how their body fits with social norms. What is body image? Causes of unhealthy body image Factors that surround body image:
weight
size
shape
skin colour
religious diversity (especially if it is joined with particular appearance or clothing)
disabilities
skin appearance
hair style/colour
clothing Obsessive thinking about appearance and eating or dieting habits
Unnecessary elective cosmetic surgery
Declining self esteem
Smoking
Depression and other mood disturbances
Eating disorders
Fad dieting
Exercise dependence
Steroid abuse All of the strategies presented in this section are important as they promote and encourage students to build healthy and positive attitudes about themselves and others.
It is important for teachers to have a solid understanding of these strategies in order promote and build a health classroom environment where students can feel comfortable and safe within themselves. what you see isn't what everyone else sees
large impact social influences can have on someone's self image
being pressured to think about yourself in a negative light
no one is 'perfect' not everything you see is real
society has a distorted view of what is beautiful
feeling that being yourself isn't good enough 'Everything has beauty, but not everyone sees it.' - Confucius Unhealthy body image in primary school can lead to
Some of the factors that contribute to a negative body image include:
Cultural messages – media, social norms, broader society
Social messages – family and friends
Personal characteristics of the individual Contributing Factors These factors can be further broken down into: Going Deeper Bounce back program:
Supports children to develop a stronger sense of well being and to be more resilient, confident and successful.
Students participate in a range of activities to develop their skills in dealing with difficult situations.
For more information on this program, see http://www.bounceback.com.au/ Tribes learning communities:
Tribes is a program that promotes an inclusive community environment in schools and classrooms.
The program is based around 4 classroom agreements: Reflect on the following ideas while
watching the video: DEECD suggests schools invite parents to information sessions
Buddy programs to look after one another, cross age/level groups Positive Self Talk Physical Environment to Promote Positive Body Image 7 Steps to Positive Self Talk:
1.Eliminate Internal Negative Chatter
2.Positive Affirmations
3.Positive Scripts
4.Replace Negative Influences with Positive Ones
5.Present Tense Messages
6.Confront Fears
7.Focus on Enjoyable Moments

For more information, visit:
http://www.pickthebrain.com/blog/7-steps-to-positive-self-talk/

Model for Turning Negative Self-Talk into Positive Self-Talk:
What happened out there?
What was the upset feeling inside?
What was the self-talk likely to be?
Look closely at the self talk.
Re-word the self-talk into a positive statement Promotion by society of the ideal man as always being strong, lean and muscular Promotion by society of the ideal man as always being strong, lean and muscular Reflect on the following ideas while
watching the video: Advertising campaigns and media coverage featuring idealised male images The emphasis on male sports players as role models for boys Peer pressure among teenage boys to be tough and strong Well-meaning public health campaigns that urge people to lose weight A tendency in women’s media to push fad diets and weight loss programs Media and advertising images promoting thinness as the ideal Peer pressure among teenage girls to be slim, go on diets and compare themselves with others A cultural tendency to judge people by their appearance Growing up with dieting parents, or one who was unhappy with their body shape Being teased about appearance in childhood Posters
Inviting guest speakers to the school from appropriate organisations such as The Butterfly Foundation http://www.thebutterflyfoundation.org.au/
Displaying images of a range of appearances, body sizes or shapes and ethnicity around the classroom
Curriculum
http://www.bodyimagehealth.org/curriculum.html The reason we've mentioned tribes is because we believe there are some really simple and powerful ways of promoting positive and inclusive behaviours within your classroom. The program has many games that encourage team building skills as well as activities that encourage students to feel good about themselves. Some of these activities include:
-Boasters - this is where the students make a poster using words to describe/boast about themselves (the things they like about themselves).
- Appreciation capes - each student is given a paper cape to wear on their back and a texta. The students then go around the room and write an appreciation on every other students cape. Tribes use "appreciations" to encourage the students to give positive comments and feedback to others in their community.
- Another positive idea from Tribes is using games where there is no winner or loser. They suggest games with the objective of making the students laugh such as; Grandpa's Underpants or Honey, I Love You, would you give us a smile.

If you would like more information please visit this site: http://tribes.com/ Help students to build their self esteem through promoting healthy thinking about themselves
Explore influences on body image and what society considers to be healthy
Health experts opinions Confidence and self esteem Family and peer support Resilience Why is healthy body image important to establish in primary school? A healthy body image or strategies to promote this should be established in primary school because they will equip children with the skills to deal with issues in the future and to assist in building their resilience. Building a Positive Classroom culture Health and P.E Introduction
"Through the provision of health knowledge, this domain develops an understanding of the importance of personal and community actions in promoting health and knowledge about the factors that promote and protect the physical, social, mental and emotional health of individuals, families and communities."

Health and P.E Level 4 Standards:
"Students explain basic concepts of identity and use simple strategies to maintain and support their self-worth."

http://ausvels.vcaa.vic.edu.au/Health-and-Physical-Education/Overview/Introduction
Links to AusVELS
Full transcript