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ROME AND THE RISE OF CHRISTIANITY

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Tammi Rice

on 4 March 2014

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Transcript of ROME AND THE RISE OF CHRISTIANITY

Rome and the Rise of Christianity
The Development of Christianity
Augustus brought back traditional festivals and attempted to revive the Roman state religion
Development of Christianity
A few decades before the Jewish revolt, a prophet named
Jesus
traveled and preached; these teachings began as a movement known as Christianity
Development of Christianity
As time went on, Romans felt that Christianity was a threat to Rome because Christians refused to worship state gods and emperors
Decline and Fall
After the last "good emperor" Marcus Aurelius died in 180AD, a series of civil wars broke out in Ancient Rome
Decline and Fall
Rome hired Germans to fight, even though they had no loyalty to Rome
The Romans believed that their success in creating an empire meant that they had earned the favor of the gods
At the same time, the Romans were tolerant of other religions, and allowed the worship of native gods throughout their provinces; they sometimes adopted some of the local gods
The Jews were given independence, but different groups of Jews thought about Roman rule differently
Jews revolted in 66AD, but their temple in Jerusalem was destroyed in 70AD
Christianity eventually spread across the Roman Empire
Jesus believed and taught that his mission was to complete the salvation God had promised to Israel
Some saw Jesus as a potentially revolutionary who might lead a revolt against Roman
Jesus's followers believed he was the Messiah (anoited one) that would save Israel from its foes
Development of Christianity
Apostles, or leaders, were some of Jesus's early followers; Peter was recognized as the leader of the apostles
The message was the belief that Jesus was the Son of God and the Savior that came to Earth to save humanity, and the people could be reunited with God
Between 40-100AD, the written accounts of Jesus's actions were collected to create the
New Testament
-the second part of the Christian Bible
Most early Christians came from the Jewish population and the Greek-speaking populations of the eastern half of the empire
As time went by, most followers were Latin-speaking people
Romans began persecuting Christians during the reign of Nero (54-68AD)
Even though Christians were persecuted; the growth of Christianity continued to get stronger
Christianity grew because it was personal, and offered eternal life to individuals; and was open to all classes, and stressed equality
Emperor Constantine became the first Christian emperor in 313AD
Severus family came out the victors, were known to "pay the soldiers, and ignore everyone else"
From 235-284AD, the Roman Empire was ruled by whomever had the military power to take over
The Empire began to shrink as Persians and Germanic tribes began to attack and conquer outlying areas
A plague decimated the population, which caused social, economic and military problems for Rome
Late Roman Empire
-time period brought on by emperors Diocletian and Constantine which included a new governmental structute, a rigid economic and social system, and new state religion (Christianity)
Diocletian ruled from 284-305AD; he believed that Rome was too big for one ruler and divided Rome into 4 districts
Constantine continued Diocletian's work, and created a new capital city in the eastern half of the empire,
Constantinople
Decline and Fall
Constantinople became known as "New Rome" and functioned as a capital city for the eastern half of the empire
The population (and tax base) was not growing as quickly as money was being spent, which caused public funds to drain rapidly
To ensure the tax base, an edict was issued that workers must stay at their job, which caused professions to become hereditary
Three groups of people attacked the Roman Empire in the years 200-500AD
Huns from Asia, and two Germanic tribes, the Visigoths and the Vandals
Decline and Fall
Theories that have been proposed to explain the collapse of the Roman Empire
Christianity's emphasis on a spiritual kingdom weakened the Roman military
Traditional Roman values declined as non-Italians gain power in the Empire
Lead poisoning in the pipes lead to the mental decline of the population
Plague wiped out 1/10 of the population
Rome failed to advance technologically due to slavery
Rome could not create a workable political system
Full transcript