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Transcript of Ancient Athens
A government official who worked for the court
The person who accused of a crime in a court case, and The Plaintiff:
The person who brings a complaint about another person to the court.
There was something called a Klepsydra or water clock. It was used to time the speeches of the Plaintiff and defendent. Each got the same amount of water in the jar. When the ater ran out, their time for speaking ran out. Ancient Athens Rights and Responsibilities
(Men and Women) By Molly
Jaydon Who Were Citizens in Ancient Athens? How were Athenians involved in desicion making? Was Fairness part of Athenian Democracy? Questions How was the government of ancient Athens structured?
• How did the structure of the government in ancient Athens provide opportunities for citizens to participate in decision making?
• How did identity, status and class structure impact citizenship in ancient Athens?
• How did the social structure of ancient Athens impact its political structure?
• To what extent were democratic ideals of equity and fairness part of the structure of government and society in ancient Athens? Yes, fairness was part of athenian democracy.
- The most important thing was that it is fair that citizens be allowed to rule themselves. This was the base of democracy.
- Athenians belived the majority rule was fair. That meant desicions were made by voting and a law was supported.
- Athenians believed people who belonged to the same class in society, would have equal rights. All men were able to belong to the assembly and vote.
- Women, slaves and Metics did not have voting rights
- Slaves were an accepted part of athenian society.
- Individual and minority rights were not considered thinking of athenian democracy. There were many different ways for men to become involved at running their city state. It was a responsibility that most of the men took seriously. Any citizen who didn't participate in the operation of goverment was looked down on.
There was three buildings that were also called the three pillars. There was the Assembly, The Concil of 500, and the Court.
citizens of Athens would be children of parents that lived in athens. only male citizens could vote, and also they had to finish serving the army at age 20. Women could not participate in Athenian democracy. men:
the men of athens had to serve the army before they become a citizen. men mostly had free time for shopping at the Agora and talk, or go to assemblys. the boys erly years whent to school and learnd and memorized epic poems. a birth of a boy was a olive branch a sing of vicktory. Women:
the women of athens had to stay home to take care of the child and do the cooking for the men. women could not become a citizen. girls spent their erly years living the women part of the house. they played with toys when the where there. a birth of a girl was a peace of wool a sing of homemaker. Council of 500 The Court The Assembly Assembly meeting took place 40 times a year, thats every 8 to 10 days. Sometimes 1000's of people attended. If there was a time where hey had to grant a citizenship a non Athenian, at least 6000 members had to be there.
he member make many desicions on lots of differnet issues like matters of war and peace, Treaties with other city states, religion, taxes, and the proper construction of ships. Sometimes citizens came with private concearns to the assembly. Everybody would meet on a large open area at the top of a hill called the Pnyx. The they would make speaches, debates, listen, discuss, and finally vote.
Ancient Athens used direct democracy because citizens voted directly on government decisions.
Voting was showed by a show of hands. Assembly members used stones to represent their vote. A white stone indicated that a citizen supported a certain decision. A brown stone indicated the oppisite decision. The stones then got seperated and counted. The decision then got announced. by: tyler, jayden, and molly The Council of 500 was the full time government for Athens. The term for the council was once a year. Then a new council was selected. The citizens of Athens were divided into 10 tribes and 50 members from each tribe over the age of 30. The group of 50 councillors was in charge of the council for one tenth of the year.
- Council positions were chosen through a lottery which gave everyone in the tribe an equal chance of being picked
- A citizen could only serve on the council twice. It gave citizens a better chance to be council members.
- The leader of the council only had the position for 24 hours. 1 day and 1 night.