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The Commonwealth of Nations

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by

Svenja Schott

on 22 November 2015

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Transcript of The Commonwealth of Nations

From Empire to Commonwealth
http://www2.klett.de/sixcms/list.php?page=geo_infothek&miniinfothek&node=Gro%EF%BF%BDbritannien&article=Infoblatt+Commonwealth
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commonwealth_of_Nations
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commonwealth_of_Nations
http://cscuk.dfid.gov.uk/apply/developed-cw-countries/
http://cscuk.dfid.gov.uk/apply/developed-cw-countries/
Image by Tom Mooring
The Commonwealth of Nations
Situation in the Colonies
Commonwealth
- is a voluntary association of 53 independent



- the objective of the organisation is a common


--> prosperity for all members


- principles are partnership, equality & help for
poorer members
sovereign states
wealth
The Beginning of the British Empire
Reasons for occupying colonies
How can Britain get to an Empire ?
about 1500
- Europe countries started expeditions to other continents
- Europeans recognized the possibilities and wealth of America, Asia and Australia
-From 1600 until 1900

Britain occupied parts of countries and colonies
- Area of settlement
- Army
- Economy
--> with violence !
- Britain lead war against a lot of countries and colonies
- Britain established commercial companies
- laws that Britain has monopoles
- new technologies
- Slavery
The British Empire in the 1920`s
- Slavery
- Oppression
- Discrimination
- less participation
- consequences were:
rebellion
desire for autonomy
independence
- to prevent the break up of the British Empire:
Britain developed the Commonwealth
December 1931
Sources
Africa in 1914
Balfour Report
- Dominions are:
Equal in status
in no way subordinate to one another in any respect of their domestic or external affairs
United by a common allegiance to the crown
1926
- 1931 Balfour Report was realized implement
- The Dominions
Canada
Australia
Newzealand
South Africa
Newfoundland
Ireland

get their independence
1949 London Declaration
1952 Change of names of the Dominions in Commonwealth Realm
1957 Admission of Ghana
- Commonwealth got to a collecting tank
- for member states it wasn`t necessary to accept the British Queen as their own head of state
- The Commonwealth secretariat was established
- The Commonwealth became a multicultural organisation
independent communities within the British Empire
- 1947- 1949 Admission of
India
Pakistan
Ceylon
---> NEW COMMONWEALTH
Full transcript