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Online Comm & Psychological Well Being
Transcript of Online Comm & Psychological Well Being
Social Compensation Hypothesis: increased use of online communication to compensate for weak social skills.
Rich-Get-Richer Hypothesis: will use social media to enhance existing relationships and will most benefit socially due to already strong social skills. (Valkenburg & Schouten, 2005; Peter et al, 2005) PSYCHOSOCIAL & LONELINESS PSYCHOSOCIAL PSYCHOSOCIAL & ANXIETY PSYCHOSOCIAL & DEPRESSION The psychological development of an individual as they interact with a social environment and the impact each variable has on one another Girls with both low and high levels of anxiety used social media; negative and positive relationships were found regardless of anxiety level. This demonstrates support for both earlier stated hypothesis.
No significant relationship was found for boys between low anxiety level and friendship quality. These results support the social compensation hypothesis. (Desjarlais, 2010) For both sexes the use of social media did not significantly enhance current relationships. This may be best explained by their motive for using social media: to increase social skills. Adolescents who developed close online relationships were more likely to display depressive behaviors. (Wolak, 2003)
Depression was also found to be correlated with instant messaging ( Van den Eijnden, 2008) Mikami (2010) found that youth who have depression may be turning to online relationships in order to aid their depressive symptoms. Loneliness was found to be more of a cause for social media use instead of a result. Van de Eijnden (2008) found loneliness most significant with the use of instant messaging. Girls with low levels of loneliness were more likely to adopt behaviors of compulsive internet use while boys with higher levels of loneliness were more likely to demonstrate depressive behaviors. Future Research Social media & psychosocial
well-being of adolescents INTRODUCTION RESULTS: Depression Positive correlation
increased depression = increased social media use METHODS CONCLUSION Questions? RESEARCH QUESTION What is the relationship between social media and the psychosocial well being of adolescents? HYPOTHESIS A relationship will be found between the use of social media and psychosocial development of adolescents. Longitudinal case study
Surveyed teens in an effort to study the relationship between social media usage and psycho-social well-being. LIMITATIONS Use of social media is positively correlated with the psychosocial well-being of adolescents.
Adolescents use social media to help them alleviate the symptoms of psychological challenges
Provides young people the opportunity to engage with their peers without having to be socially anxious
Develop stronger offline communication and relationships
Increased perception of friendship quality can help alleviate loneliness
Helps develop self-identity by allowing young people to express themselves freely METHODS:
Participants 20 male and female students from 3 large Midwestern schools Ages 13-17 METHODS:
Sampling Method Population of interest: Adolescents aged
13-17 years at selected high schools. Sample Size: 20 METHODS: Procedure Simple Random Probability Consent (school, potential participants and parents
Nature of Study
Rights & Responsibilities
Selected Sample METHODS Procedure (Continued) Assessments:
Baseline pretesting and journaling METHODS Depression (Beck's Depression Inventory) ADOLESCENT FRIENDSHIPS METHODS Journaling Participants kept track of their social media usage via excel document
Emailed reports to researchers monthly
Researchers reviewed reports in 3,6,9, and 12 month increments. * Limited internet users Social Anxiety Loneliness Friendships Increased social media = increased friendship attachment Boys:
high anxiety = heavy to compulsive use Girls:
Low anxiety = heavy use Compensation & rich get richer High loneliness scores= decreased internet use Heavy internet users = lower loneliness scores Heavy users = more attachment compared to regular users Limited users = lowest level of attachment High loneliness scores predicted limited use Administer assessments over 5 or 10 years
Adolescents formally diagnosed with depression, anxiety or other forms of personality deficiencies
Adolescents' use of their online community and how it affects social identity, skills, abilities and behaviors
The use of social media in regard to academics and education performance.
Purpose and goals of utilizing online communication References Desjarlais, M., & Willoughby, T. (2010). A longitudinal study of the relation between adolescent boys’ and girls’ computer use with friends and friendship quality: Support for the social compensation or the rich-get-richer hypothesis? Computers In Human Behavior, 26(5), 896-905. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2010.02.004
Mikami, A., Szwedo, D. E., Allen, J. P., Evans, M.A., & Hare, A. L. (2010). Adolescent peer relationships and behavior problems predict young adults' communication on social networking websites. Developmental Psychology, 46(1), 46-56.
Peter, J., Valkenburg, P.M., & Schouten, A.P (2005). Developing a model of adolescent friendship formation on the internet. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 8(5): 423-430. doi:10.1089/cpb.2005.8.423
van den Eijnden, R. M., Meerkerk, G., Vermulst, A. A., Spijkerman, R., & Engels, R. E. (2008). Online communication, compulsive internet use, and psychosocial well-being among adolescents: A longitudinal study. Developmental Psychology, 44(3), 655-665. doi: 10.1037/0012-1618.104.22.1685
Wolak, J., Mitchell, K., & Finkelhor, D. (2003). Escaping or Connecting? Characteristics of youth who form close online relationships. Journal Of Adolescence, 26(1), 105.
Retrieved from https://unh.edu/ccrc/pdf/jvq/CV51.pdf self-reported how reliable was the adolescents with their logs and usage another study should of been done with older adolescents ages of 18-19 to test whether the relationship changes between social media and psychosocial well-being between early and late adolescents our findings underscore the possibility that adolescents overreliance on the Internet in negotiating friendships may contribute to addictive Internet usage and risky behaviors that can interfere with healthy social development for these adolescents. lack of information on the adolescent's mental health issues There is a chance that these positive short-term effects may dissipate over a longer period of time. Research shows that adolescents use social media to build and maintain friendships. Valkenburg et. al (2007 & 2008) found social media increased overall social skills and enhanced the quality of existing friendships. Internet friendships help to meet developmental needs for intimacy, validation and companionship.(Wolak, 2003)
Social media offers a safe place to explore social interaction, especially for teens who are introverted or isolated. (Van de Eijnden (2008) Social media allows a safe way for teens to self-disclose, a behavior that tends to increase the quality of friendships (Desjarlais, & Willoughby, 2010; Valkenburg, 2007). Ahn(2011) found several studies show that controllability and reduced cues of the internet encourage self-disclosure. LIT REVIEW Loneliness (UCLA Loneliness Scale) Social Anxiety (Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale) Friendship Quality (Adolescent Friendship Attachment Scale) Grouped by internet usage low < 7hrs., average < 14 hrs., high < 21 hrs.,compulsive >25 hrs. Pre and Post-tests given to measure: