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Authors Purpose, Tone, Mood, and Bias

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faith turner

on 21 August 2016

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Transcript of Authors Purpose, Tone, Mood, and Bias

Which one is informative?

A. New school Blues

B. How to make a cake

C. The big issue on bay news 9

D. You should definitely come to Starbucks because...
Authors Purpose Q#2
What happens to people when they feel persuaded

A. excited

B. tempted

C. informed

D. happy
Authors Purpose Q#1
To Persuade
facts / statistics
Author’s Opinions
persuasive language
call to action
Author's Purpose, Tone, Mood, and Bias
apples are delicious. they make you healthy.Feel persuaded?

Apples come in many different colors. All the diferent types of apples make you healthy and strong. You should eat apples! Feel Persuaded?

Which of the examples is the most sfun
to read?

A. Cliffs are cool!

B. It is hot outside today.

C. Once there was a girl. That day it was hot outside. so she decided to play inside that day.

D. “It was a cold grey day in late November. The weather had changed overnight, when a backing wind brought a granite sky and a mizzling rain with it, and although it was now only a little after two o'clock in the afternoon the pallor of a winter evening seemed to have closed upon the hills, cloaking them in mist.”

Mrs. Cook 2015
Authors Purpose Q#3
Which of these is entertaining?

A. Animals run the park

B. How to tie a tie

C. What are these creatures really about

D. You should come to Jump street because
Authors Purpose Q#4
Which of these could have multiple purposes?

A. Come to Olive Garden

B. Stop the killing tonight on bay news 9

C. Dork Diaries

D. Today I am going to show you how to make cookies

Multiple Purposes
Author's Purpose
Author's write for many purposes. The three main purposes they write for are persuasion,, Informative , and entertainment. (PIE)
Why is it important to understand author's purpose?
If we understand author's purpose it helps us understand what we read. If we know why the author wrote what we are reading we better understand what we are reading.
What is author's purpose?
Sometimes authors write for more than one purpose. For example they could write about a real life story that are meant to inform you and entertain you. Another example is an author could write a persuasive essay trying to convince you to make cookies and tell you how to make it.
Questions to ask yourself:
Does the author want me to change the way I think about something?
Is the author trying to get me to do something?
Example Formats:
Campaign Speeches
To convince the reader to do something or to change the way they think about something
To Entertain
Questions to ask yourself:
Does the author want me to be amused or to laugh at their story?
Does the author want me to get caught up or hook on the story?
Example Formats:
fiction (novels/short stories)
comic books
To hold the attention of the reader through enjoyment
• Every writer has a purpose in mind when he/she writes.

• The purpose that the writer chooses will determine what kind of style, word choice, and structure he or she will use.

• You can determine the author's purpose by watching the clues in word choice, style, tone, point of view, and structure.

To Inform
facts -NO Opinions!
steps in a process
Questions to ask yourself:
Does the author want me to learn something/know about something by reading this?
Is the writing objective and presents both sides of the issue?
Example Formats:
News articles
Book Reports
Instruction Manuals
To explain, teach, or give information to the reader

Which of these informs you?

A. I like bananas

B. The Red Panda Crisis

C. Pears are awesome!

D. Anything


Identifying the tone and mood is very important to truly understanding what an author is trying to say and can be helpful in helping to discern the theme and author’s style.

Mood: The effect of the writer’s words on the readers. Mood is how the writers words make us feel. The mood usually is associated with the setting

Tone: Tells us how the author thinks about his or her subject. It is the author’s attitude toward the story and reader

Tone and Mood

Tone is the AUTHOR’S attitude towards the audience, the subject, or the character.

Tone is shown through
Dialogue - talking
Descriptions – author’s diction
[word choice]

Positive , Negative, or Neutral

Hint: When trying to find the tone of a passage, read the passage and decide if it is being told in a positive, negative, or neutral way first, then look at your answer choices and decide
Tone can be described as

Words that describe TONE

Mood is the feeling the reader gets from a story.

Mood is shown through

© Presto Plans

© Presto Plans

Mood is the emotions that you (the reader) feel, so to find mood, you need to look at what emotions you are going through as you read the text.

How To Find Mood

Words to describe MOOD


The tone could be serious but the mood could be ridiculous.



He approached the task with sheer determination. He had studied his plans carefully, spent hours preparing and was sure of his approach. The hours he spent practicing were grueling and exhausting but he was ready. This was the year he would win the pie eating contest at school.

According to the author’s descriptions, what is the tone?

According to the setting, what is the mood?

Playful, informal, silly, exciting

Serious, Intense, Formal, Focused
The TONE of the passage is _________
The author’s ______________ relays the tone.

My annoying brother likes to drive me crazy.
There is no other who is that lazy.
He whines to Mom and Dad night and day
Until he eventually gets his way.
What is a sister to do
When he screams 'til he's blue?
There is no way to win,
For he gets under your skin.
He does his best to kill all joy.
Oh, how my brother does annoy!

The TONE of the passage is _____________
The author’s _______________ relays the tone.

There is no one
That can be better
Because you are brilliant.
There is nothing
That you cannot you do
Because you are unbeatable.
There is no place
That you cannot go
Because you are always welcomed.
There is no person
That can hold you back
Because you are unstoppable

The TONE of the passage is INSPIRING

The author’s DESCRIPTIONS relay the tone.

The TONE of the passage is FRUSTRATED
The author’s DESCRIPTIONS relay the tone.

The MOOD of the passage is ______________
The ______________ relays the MOOD.

The door swings open to reveal all of my family members standing around the Christmas tree. The lights are twinkling and the fireplace is roaring with a warm fire. Everyone is singing Christmas carols as the snow falls quietly outside the window.

The MOOD of the passage is COZY/FAMILIAR
The ATMOSPHERE relays the tone.

The MOOD of the passage is ______________
The ______________ relays the MOOD.

The door swings open to reveal a Christmas tree, alone in the middle of the room, sparkling with hundreds of lights. Silence greets me as I glance around the room. The fireplace is empty and the snow storm howls outside the window. My family has gone and I am left alone with my thoughts.

The MOOD of the passage is GLOOMY/LONELY
The ATMOSPHERE relays the MOOD.

Author's Bias
Bias in writing can be defined as:
A prejudice against something an author is writing about.
Favoritism for something an author is writing about.
An author letting feelings or emotions cloud his/her objectivity with regard to something he/she is writing about.
Recognizing Bias

Look for loaded words – words that are charged with emotion (positive or negative) can reveal an author’s opinion about his/her topic

Watch out for stereotypes – if the author labels an entire group, the writing is probably biased.

Notice vague language or generalizations – if the author isn’t using specific language, this could be an indicator of bias.

Be on the lookout for one-sided arguments – if the author only presents one side of an argument, his/her writing is probably biased.

Does the author present facts or opinions? Facts are what they are – the truth. But opinions can be based on feelings, emotions, or prejudices, which aren’t objective.
An Example of Bias
When I met with Mayor Geovelli, I noticed that he had the appearance of a

(a loaded, negatively charged word).

He was
unshaved and wearing dirty clothes

(one sided – notice that the author doesn’t tell us why the Mayor was dressed this way. Maybe there was a good reason).

He spoke to me about
his horrible plan

to fix our city’s roads
(vague language – what specifically is horrible about it?)
Anyone who knows the plan will tell you that

it will bankrupt our city

(is this a fact or opinion? The author offers no supporting evidence).
The plan to fix our roads mostly benefits friends of the Mayor. He
plans to pay his buddies in the construction business thousands of dollars over the next two years. I do not want to insult anyone, but the Mayor is of Italian decent, and we all know what reputation they have in this part of the country.
Need I remind you of Al Capone and other Italian Mafia members?

(This is clearly a stereotype – not all Italians are mobsters).
Author's Bias Q1
Which of the following is most likely to be biased?

A. factual report
B. judge
C. Journal Entry
D. Encyclopedia
Author's Bias Q2
Which of the following is least likely to be biased?

A. poem
B. jury
C. advertising
D. complaint letter
Author's Bias Q3
Which author's purpose is most likely to be biased?

A. to persuade
B. to inform
C. to entertain
D. They are all equally biased

Author's Bias Q3
Which of the following might make a juror biased?

A. the juror does not know the family of the accused
B. the juror is best friends with the man on trial
C. the juror doesn't like to get up in the morning
D. The juror did not watch the news reports about the case

Describe the Author's Bias
Pigeons are dirtier than you think. They eat trash and leave their droppings wherever they go. Pigeons also carry diseases. One time, I was bitten by a pigeon when I tried to shoo it away. I had to get a shot because the pigeon might have given me a disease.
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