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Transcript of Judaism
Judaism is known as a, "Semitic Religion". Semitic is the word used to describe the people from the Middle-East and their languages. Therefore meaning, Judaism originated in the Middle-East. How Did It All Begin? Place of Worship Like most religions, Judaism has a set of sacred writings. The Jewish sacred writings mainly consist of the "Torah" and the "Tanakh". Jewish Sacred Writings The Jewish people celebrate many different special events during their lifetime. They celebrate birth, the coming of age, marriage, and death. Judaism is one of the worlds oldest religions. It is a monotheistic religion, and with 14 million followers, is quite small compared to a lot of religions existing today. Judaism is practiced all around the world, but is usually found in Europe, North America, and Israel. What's a Bar Mitzvah? A Bar Mitzvah, is a celebration held for a boy who has become 13 years of age, and welcomes him into adulthood. This is because in Jewish sacred writings, it states that once a boy has become 13 years of age, he may fulfill the "mitzvot" or commandments. This means that the boy is equal to adults in ways of the Torah and Law. What's a Bat Mitzvah? A Bat Mitzvah, is actually pretty much the same as a Bar Mitzvah. However,
a Bat Mitzvah is for women, and occurs a year earlier then a Bar Mitzvah. The Bat Mizvah occurs when girls turn 12, due to the fact that girls mature faster then boys. What are The
Ten Commandments? Torah The Torah is one of the sacred writings of the Jewish religion. The actual word "Torah" can mean a lot of different things in different contexts. It refers to the Five Books of Moses but it can also refer to the whole Jewish Bible. Tanakh The Tanakh is also one of the Jewish sacred texts. It consists some of the same writings as the Christian "Old Testament". However, because of some other minor differences, some of the writings are slightly in a different order. Some of the other names for the Tanakh is the "Jewish Bible" and the"Hebrew Scriptures". Along with many other religions around the world, Judaism has a certain place of worship where followers of the religion can pray. In Judaism's case, this sacred place is called a synagogue. Jews can come to their local synagogue and participate in Torah readings, prayer, and teachings. The primary purposes of the synagogue is to act as a house of prayer and to function as a social gathering place. Even though a lot of prayers occur outside of the synagogue, group prayer is an extremely important part of the Jewish religion. For example, for certain Jewish prayers to be performed, a group of at least 10 adults must pray together to complete the prayer. Jewish Food Jewish cooking is very unique. Jewish cooking has many different styles from where the Jews have lived over the centuries. One Jewish dish is the stuffed cabbage. This dish is common in Eastern Europe. Central Beliefs Jewish people live their lives by a set of rules known as "The
Ten Commandments". It is said the commandments were given
directly from God to the people of Israel, at Mount Sinai, after he
had saved the people from slavery. Birth When a Jewish baby is born, the father is given
the honor of an "aliyah", which is an opportunity
to bless the reading of the Torah at the synagouge. A blessing is spoken for the health of
the newborn child, and if the the child is a girl,
she is given a name at that time. Children are
usually given a Hebrew name, from a deceased
relative. The Story of Abraham Abraham is the founder of Judaism. He was born in the
city of Ur, Babylonia, in the year 1800 BCE, and was the son of Terach, an idol merchant. Abraham began to believe that the entire universe was made by a single Creator. One day,
the Creator, who Abraham worshiped, called on him. The
Creator proposed Abraham an offer: if Abraham would leave
his home and family, then he would bless him and reward him
with a great nation. Abraham accepted his offer, and
Judaism was born. God In Judaism, ultimate reality is a single, all-powerful god. Like
the other Semitic religions, Judaism is a monotheistic
religion, meaning they believe in only one god. Jews believe
that the name of God must be treated with respect. God has
many names, but Jews never write any of God's names
casually. Instead they write it as "G-d". Jews avoid writing
any name of God because they do not want to take the risk
of it being defaced, obliterated, or destroyed by someone
who does not really know any better. Marriage Jews believe in the concept of soul mates, what
they call "bashert". A Jewish wedding ceremony
usually lasts 20-30 minutes. The couple
recite a series of blessings, and then have a
festive meal. Dancing and music traditionally
accompany the ceremony. Judaism Around the World Below is a population map of followers of Judaism around the world by thousands. As you can see, Judaism is practiced everywhere, just in some places more than others. Jewish Symbols The Magen David: The Magen David, or commonly known as the Star of David, is the symbol most commonly identified with Judaism today. This is actually quite surprising, considering the fact that it is a fairly new symbol. The star is supposed to represent the shape of King David's shield. Menorah: The Menorah is one of the oldest symbols of the Jewish faith. It is a seven-branched candle stand used in synagogues. It is said that the Menorah represents the nation of Israel and their mission to be "a light unto the nations." Chai: The word Chai comes from the Hebrew word living, and is simply the two Hebrew letters Cheit and Yod attached to each other. To some, this symbol refers to the living God, and to others, the symbol reflects Judaism's focus on the importance of life. Death In Judaism, death is not considered a tragedy, even when it occurs in early life or through unfortunate circumstances. Jews believe that since death is a natural process, their deaths, like their lives, all have meaning and are part of God's plan. Jews believe in an afterlife, a world to come. Jews believe that if they have lived a worthy life, they will be rewarded in this afterlife.
In Judaism, a small series of actions must be performed to prepare a body for the afterlife. First, the person's eyes are closed, and then the body is covered and laid on the floor. Candles are then lit and placed next to the body. As a sign of respect, the body is never to be left alone until after burial. The people in charge of sitting with the body are called shomerim, from the root word She-Mem-Reish, meaning "guards" or "keepers". Holidays/Festivals There are many different Jewish holidays.
All Jewish holidays begin at the sunset on the
night before of the actual day of the event. Jewish
holidays occur on different days every year. In our
presentation,we are going to focus on two holidays,
"Yom Kippur" and "Pesach", or "Passover". Yom Kippur Yom Kippur is known as the most important
holiday of the year to the Jewish people.
Yom Kippur means "Day of Atonement", which
is exactly what it is. Jewish people describe it as
a day to "afflict the soul". In 2013, Yom Kippur
will be on the 14th of September. Pesach (Passover) Pesach or Passover is an 8 day (sometimes 7) holiday.
It is a time to remember the Exodus from Egypt. The
Exodus is, "the departure of the Israelites from Egypt
under Moses". Usually, families will retell the story
of the Exodus, or there will be a gathering in the
community retelling the story. During Pesach, lots of
food is eaten, and wine is drank. Judaism By: Hayden, Jackson and Calvin Flag of Israel above Bibliography That concludes our presentation...
Thanks for watching! 1) Charing, Douglas. Eyewitness Books: Judaism. 375 Hudson St., New York, NY, USA. DK Publishing, 2003.
2) Langley, Myrtle. Eyewitness Books: Religion. 95 Madison Avenue, New York, NY, USA. DK Publishing 2000.
3) Charing, Douglas. The Jewish World. Worship St, London, U.K. Macdonald & Company, 1983.
4) Keene, Michael. Religions of the World: Judaism. 330 West Olive Street, Milwaukee, WI, USA.
World Almanac Library, 2006
5) Rich, Tracey. "Judaism 101." http://www.jewfaq.org/.
6) "Judaism." September 21, 2005. http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Judaism.