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Lecture 5: Colonialism, French Women and Missionaries

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Liz Brule

on 9 May 2017

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Transcript of Lecture 5: Colonialism, French Women and Missionaries

Lecture 5: Colonialism, French Women and Missionaries
Filles du roi: Daughters of the King
Between 1663 and 1673 the monarchy recruited over 800 women move to the colony to marry
Seigniorial System
In the new world, the seigniorial system, which was based on the French monarchy, and organized around ones’ status and rank, which was determined mainly by birth. Those at the top of the hierarchy were the noblesse, or the landowners, then the middle who where the merchants, artisans and professionals and the habitants, who were the peasants who worked the land. At the very bottom were the slaves, which included the Aboriginal and black peoples.

Plains of Abraham 1759
The Quebec Act of 1774 legitimized and strengthened the Catholic Church, imposed a rigid, authoritarian governance

Coutume de Paris
Under the Coutume de Paris, children remained under the legal control of their fathers and could not marry without their consent until age 25 for women and age 30 for men. Despite the patriarchal nature of marriage women had a certain amount of power.
Community of Property
“Community of Property” formed part of a couples marriage contract, which ensured that women were part owners of any property acquired during the marriage. This was vital for women when entering marriage contracts—women played a major role in the household economy and contracts provided women with relative economic security, especially if their husbands passed away.
The powerful gender ideology of the new Christian religion encouraged changes in gender relations in Aboriginal communities and led to the refashioning of political, economic, social and cultural relationships along gendered and racialized lines.
Early Missions
Gender was one of the systems that Europeans tried to organize difference and power relations between groups.
syncretic religious practices –combining Aboriginal and Christian traditions –developed, allowing Aboriginal women and men to incorporate something of their traditional spiritual power into new beliefs and rituals.
Syncretic Religious Practices
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