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Transcript of Endangered Species
The principal cause of habitat destruction by human activity is mainly for the purpose of harvesting natural resources for industry production and for agriculture. Exploitation In some places, exploitation was usually for human food or furs. Some animals, such as Audubon's sheep, were hunted to extinction. Others such as the grizzly bear, maintain remnant populations elsewhere. Predators are species that hunt other species as their way of getting food. For example, a peregrine falcon will kill small mices and even kill other birds to get food. Predation Illegal Killing People were once predators that hunted and killed to get their food. In some parts of the world people still need to do that. But, in most parts of the United States and Europe that is no longer true Hunting and Fishing is only like a trophy and the governments have created rules to protect species. The Giant Panda is native to China. It lives in mountain ranges and lowland areas. It is estimated that 2,000 to 3,000 giant pandas are remaining in the wild at present. Causes: Habitat loss and very low birthrate Pygmy Hippopotamus The Pygmy Hippopotamus is native to West Africa. Usually this lives in forests and swamps. It is a nocturnal animal. It is estimated that the wild hippopotamus remaining are as fewer as 3,000. Causes: Habitat loss, poaching, hunting and natural predators. Hirola The Hirola is found in dry and grassy plains of Kenya and Somalia. It is otherwise known as the four-eyed antelope as it has large preorbital glands. It is a diurnal animal. It is estimated that there are only 500 to 1200 animals in the wild Causes: Severe drought and competition with cattle. Sumatran Rhinoceros The Sumatran Rhinoceros is the smallest rhinoceros found mainly in Sumatra. It has two horns which are highly valued in traditional Chinese medicine. At present only 300 rhinos are remaining. Causes: Main cause for extinction is poaching for their horns by hunters. Habitat loss is another cause Brazilian Merganser The Brazilian Merganser is found Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina. It has long, sharp-edged beak that consists of many teeth-like edges. The present population of these waterfowls is estimated less than 250 Causes: Habitat loss Blue-Throated Macaw The Blue-throated Macaw is native to Bolivia particularly a small part of north-central area. It usually lives in savannas and islands of palm trees. The present population of these species is estimated between 250 and 300. Causes: These species are captured for pet trade and habitat loss due to cattle ranches Bushman Hare The Bushman hare is found in few places of Karoo Desert of South Africa. It is a nocturnal species. The current population of these species is estimated to be less than 200 Causes: Decline of population Bactrian Camel The Bactrian Camel is native to the steppes of north-east Asia. It is a large even-toed ungulate and has two lumps on its back. Though many domesticated camels are left, the wild camels are in the list of endangered species (there are only few hundred alive). Causes: Domestication and decline of population. Vaquita The Vaquita is found in north Gulf of California. It is a rare species. It has large black eye rings and lip patches. This animal is in the list of endangered species because only 300 of them are left. Causes: Use of chlorinated pesticides, depression and reduced flow of freshwater. Dwarf Olive Ibis The Dwarf Olive Ibis is found in São Tomé and Príncipe islands. It is extremely endangered as their number is very low, only 50 birds are remaining. Causes: Habitat loss and hunting Pernambuco Pygmy-Owl The Pernambuco Pygmy-owl is prevalent in Pernambuco in Brazil Presently less than 50 birds are remaining hence it is treated as endangered Causes: Habitat loss Arakan Forest Turtle The Arakan Forest Turtle is one of the rarest species found only in the Arakan hills of Myanmar. They are extremely endangered due to their least number of tens. Causes: It is believed that they have medicinal value hence used by people as food to cure their diseases. How to help? Find some international/local organizations like GreenPeace and join them.
Don’t use typical medicine which uses rare animals
Create a blog about endangered animals and what we can do to help them
Donate money to different non-profit organizations which work to protect the wildlife.
Don’t hunt for pleasure Realized by: Rodrigo Costa Nº1500 Bruno Severiano Nº1489 G9