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the mexican american war
Transcript of the mexican american war
SPANISH GUERRA DE 1847
GUERRA DE ESTADOS UNIDOS A MEXICO
THE ROOT OF OUR
Originated from the U.S. annexation of Texas in 1845
Annex-To append or attach, To incorporate (territory) into an existing political unit such as a country, state, county, or city.
The war (which our U.S. forces were victorious) resulted in the United States’ acquisition of more than 500,000 square miles of Mexican territory extending westward from the Rio Grande to the Pacific Ocean.
In September President James K. Polk sent John Slidell on a secret mission to Mexico City to negotiate the disputed Texas border
The War was fought between the United States and Mexico from April 1846–February 1848.
From a dispute over whether Texas ended at the Nueces River (Mexican claim) or the Rio Grande (U.S. claim).
Texas had been a state of the country of Mexico since 1821 when Mexico gained its independence from Spain. The Texans began to disagree with the government of Mexico. In 1836, they declared their independence from Mexico and formed "The Republic of Texas". They fought several battles including The Alamo. In the end, they gained their independence and Sam Houston became the first President of the Republic of Texas.
(It was primarily over the territory of Texas.)
In 1845, Texas joined the United States as the 28th state. Mexico didn't like that the United States took over Texas. There also was a disagreement over the border of Texas. Mexico said the border was at the Nueces River while Texas claimed the border was further south at the Rio Grande River.
TEXAS BECOMES A STATE
President James K. Polk sent troops to Texas to protect the border. Soon Mexican and US troops were shooting at each other. On July 7, 1846 the United States declared war on Mexico.
General Taylor advanced into Mexico fighting battles at the city of Monterrey and a mountain pass called Buena Vista. At the Battle of Buena Vista, Taylor and 5,000 troops were attacked by 14,000 Mexican troops led by Santa Anna. They held off the attack and won the battle despite being outnumbered.
The Mexican army was led by General Santa Anna. The US forces were led by General Zachary Taylor and General Winfield Scott. General Taylor's forces were the first to engage the Mexican army. They fought an early battle at Palo Alto where the Mexicans were forced to retreat.
President Polk didn't trust Zachary Taylor. He also considered him a rival. Instead of reinforcing Taylor's troops to capture Mexico City, he sent in another army led by General Winfield Scott. Scott advanced on Mexico City and captured it in August of 1847.
With the United States in control of their capital city and much of the country divided, the Mexicans agreed to a peace treaty called the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. In the treaty, Mexico agreed to the border of Texas at the Rio Grande. They also agreed to sell a large area of land to the United States for $15 million. Today this land makes up the states of California, Nevada, Utah, and Arizona. Portions of Wyoming, Oklahoma, New Mexico, and Colorado were also included.
TREATY OF GUADALUPE HIDALGO
About how much of its land did Mexico lose during the war?
About how many U.S. troops engaged in the war??
How much money did Mexico receive for the damages?
A) 45% B) 65%
C) 25% D) 55%
A) 78,718 B) 82,219
C) 47,078 D) 66,845
A) 15,000,000 B)18,000,000
C) 13,000,000 D) 21,000,000
How many U.S. troops died during the battles?