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Battle of Vicksburg

Deidra & Asha

asha haghi

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of Battle of Vicksburg

Deidra & Asha Battle of Vicksburg Objectives Factors that hindered the South Each side had different objectives going into the battle. The Union already had control of New Orleans and most of the Mississippi River. But to gain full control of the Mississippi River they desperately needed to take control of Vicksburg, Mississippi. So the Union’s objective going into the Battle of Vicksburg was to gain full control of the Mississippi River. The Confederates, however just wanted to keep tight control of Mississippi and not surrender to the Union. For the Confederate States, the commanders constituted of John C. Pemberton, John S. Bowen, Smith, Van Dorn, Tracy and Johnston. The Union’s group of commanders was comprised by Ulysses S. Grant, William T. Sherman, Porter, James B. McPherson, John A. Logan and John A. McLernand. In addition Admiral David D. Porter was of great importance. Commanders
The union was victorious in this battle because of the strategic campaign devised by Major General Ulysses S. Grant. It constituted of great military tactics like diversions and a siege, which cut off all forms of communications between the western and eastern parts of the Confederacy. In addition, the Union’s commanders had a stronger control of their troops and were much more organized when it came to mobilizing them. The strong alliance with the navy, under Admiral David D. Porter also made it possible for Grant to more efficiently take control of the Mississippi River. Lastly, the Union outnumbered the confederacy in terms of soldiers. What enabled the Union to win?
The Union, previously, had accomplished operations that ceded them control over parts of the Mississippi River. However, when the siege at Vicksburg caused hunger, sickness and depression, and Pemberton surrendered, the Union was granted with complete control of the Mississippi River. This divided the Confederacy since it cut off Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas from it. The acquisition of the Mississippi River gave the Union a major economic asset since it permitted the trading of goods and supplies. This battle also prevented the alliance of the Confederate States with any foreign country such as Britain. If the south had been the victor, the British would have seen its potential and would have then recognized its economic importance; this would’ve led to the help granted by Great Britain’s superb navy. Contribution to the Civil War
Due to a Confederate defeat there were factors that hindered the South from winning this battle. The Confederate economy was in desperate shape, southern planters and farmers were losing control of their slave labor force, and a large amount of poorly provisioned soldiers were deserting from the Confederate army. All of these factors resulted in a weak, hungry army that could not defend their city from the powerful, artillery supplied Union. Why the Turning Point?
The Battle of Vicksburg was definitely the turning point of the Civil War. Not only did it contribute to the deterioration of the Confederacy’s morale, but it also physically divided it in half. The western part of the Confederate country was under the Union’s control, preventing the use of any sources in that area. The loss of the Mississippi River vastly affected the South’s economy and it also gave the Union a water route that could allow them to travel from the north to the south and vice-versa. Lastly, the Union’s victory killed the chances of an alliance between the Confederate States and any foreign power. What if?
The Civil war would have drastically changed if the Confederates took the win in this Battle of Vicksburg. The Confederates were already mentally defeated and a win at the Battle of Vicksburg would have boosted their moral and possibly gave them a win at Gettysburg. A Confederate win at the Battle of Vicksburg would abruptly stop the Union from gaining full control of the Mississippi River and stop part of their Anaconda Plan. Since the Battle of Vicksburg occurred early in the war, a Confederate win will set the mood of the war and will give the Confederates a boost in their morale/motivation.

The Battle of Vicksburg was a tough battle that ended in a Confederate defeat. The most noteworthy features of this battle was the Union only needed Vicksburg to take full control of the Mississippi River and complete a portion of the Anaconda plan. Most noteworthy features of battle:
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