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Short Story Terms
Transcript of Short Story Terms
Similes & Metaphors
A Simile is a figure of speech in which two unlike things are compared with the words “like” or “as”. Examples: “My love is like a red, red rose.” “They were as free as the birds in the sky.”
Verbal, Dramatic, and situational Irony
Verbal Irony is a figure of speech in which what is stated is the opposite of its meaning (sarcasm) Examples: “As funny as cancer.” “As sharp as a marble.”
Protagonist and Antagonist
A Protagonist is the leading or main character, who could also be the hero or heroine of a drama or other literary work. Examples: Cinderella, Katniss, and Batman.
A Metaphor is a figure of speech in which two unlike things are compared without using the words “like” or “as”. Examples: “Life is a roller coaster.” “Time is a thief.”
Dramatic Irony occurs when implication in a situation is understood by the audience, but not the characters or actors in a play or performance.
Situational Irony involves a situation in which actions have an effect that is opposite from what was intended. So the outcome is contrary to whats expected.
An Antagonist is the person or force that opposes, competes with, or struggles against the Protagonist in a literary work. Examples: Evil stepmother and mean step sisters, Joker.
Personification & Alliteration
Personification is a figure of speech in which non-human objects are given human characteristics or qualities. Examples: “My alarm clock sprang to life.” “My bed is calling me.”
Oxymoron & Mood
The re-occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of each or most of the words in a sentence.
Examples: "Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers." "She sells seashells by the sea shore."
A figure of speech in which opposite or contradictory words or connotations are placed together. Examples: "Bitter sweet." "Even Odds."
The atmosphere or feeling created by a piece of writing. Examples: Horror, Romance, Mystery.
A short work of fiction usually under 10,000 words. Examples: Thank You Ma’am, On the side walk bleeding, and Borders.
Hyperbole & Pun
A figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect. Examples: “Yo mamas teeth are so yellow, traffic slows down when she smiles.” “Yo mama is so old, she knew burger king when he was a prince.” “Yo mama is so fat, when she gets on the scale is says… to be continued.”
The humorous use of a word to emphasize or suggest two meanings at the same time. Examples: “When a new hive is done bees have a house swarming party.” “The duck said to the bartender, ‘Put it on my bill’.”
Allusion & Suspense
Allusion: A brief and indirect reference in a literary work to a person, place, or thing, or idea of historical, cultural, literary or political significance.
Suspense: A quality in a work of fiction that arouses exited expectation or uncertainty about what may happen.
Imagery & Tone
Imagery: Imagery is when figurative language is used to represent objects, actions and ideas in such a way that it appeals to our physical senses. (Smell, hearing, seeing, touch)
Tone: Tone is an attitude of a writer toward a subject or audience. Tone is generally conveyed through the choice of words or the point of view of the writer. Examples: Formal, informal, sarcasm, comic, sad, and serious.
Paradox & Satire
Paradox: The term paradox means contrary to expectations, existing belief, or perceived opinion. Examples: “Wise Fool.” In shake sphere the famous play Hamlet said “I must be cruel to be kind.”
Satire: The use of irony, sarcasm, or ridicule to expose and criticize foolishness and corruption of an individual.
Onomatopoeia is a figure of speech in which the use of words imitate the sounds their associated with. Example: Old Mac Donald had a farm