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Ida B. Wells & The Anti-Lynching Movement
Transcript of Ida B. Wells & The Anti-Lynching Movement
Cared for her five younger siblings alone after the death of their parents
Taught elementary school Ida B. Wells: Background Wrote weekly articles for The Living Way newspaper
Served as editor for The Free Speech
Incredibly involved in politics and racial issues Fueled by the murders of three of her friends, Thomas Moss, Calvin McDowell, and Henry Stewart on March 9,1892 (People's Grocery Company)
All three were arrested and charged with conspiracy and inciting a riot
Began investigative journalism
Encouraged blacks to leave Memphis or boycott white owned stores (The Free Speech newspaper) Anti-Lynching Campaign Published in 1892
Results of research on lynchings of African Americans
"Protecting white womanhood"
Average of one lynching every five days (728 Black men and women over 10 years)
After this was published, her office was destroyed by a mob and her life was threatened Southern Horrors: Lynch Laws in All Its Phases In 1909, she helped found the NAACP(National Association for the Advancement of Colored People)
Also fought for Women's Suffrage
After her death on March 25, 1931, Wells-Barnett left behind a legacy Later in Life... "The way to right wrongs is to turn the light of truth upon them."
– Ida B. Wells-Barnett She became a target along with other who worked at her newspaper
Wells left Memphis and moved to New York and then Chicago to avoid being lynched
Published First Inside Story of Negro Lynching in The New York Age newspaper. This cited hundreds of lynchings along with dates, names, reasons, and other things(10,000 copies printed)
Traveled around the Northeast and Europe giving anti-lynching lectures
Southern Racism Wells' views put her at odds with Washington.
Washington believed that blacks should surrender their political rights to ignite a reconciliation between blacks and whites; they should prove themselves and 'earn' their rights back
In a way, he condoned lynching. (Up From Slavery)
Wells called Washington a coward, stating that blacks had built this country and deserved rights and equal protection just as much as any other American Booker T. Washington