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17 October 2013
1. A global race for talent is changing the landscape of higher education;
2. Completion rates are below 70% in many EU Member States;
3. Enhancing quality and relevance of higher education remains a challenge.
Download the full publication, access the 28 accompanying country reports and try out the online visualisation tool:
Sixteen Member States decreased their education investments at some point between 2008 and 2011
1. In 2011, 5.3% of GDP was spent on education & training;
2. Public debt in the EU is expected to reach 90.6% of GDP in 2014;
3. Economic growth is expected to remain moderate (1.4%).
Six of these Member States showed further budget decreases in 2012
The majority of Member States decreased spending per student for at least one level of education
1. Three Member States show a recent increase in early school leaving rates;
2. The unemployment rate amongst early school leavers is 40.1%;
3. Less than 1% of this cohort participates in non-formal education after having left formal education.
The tertiary education attainment rate has reached 35.7%
Education and training contributes to growth and competitiveness - but ...
The employment rate of recent graduates decreased 6.3 percentage points since 2008;
Across the EU, 21% of people with tertiary qualifications are active in jobs that usually require lower qualifications;
In other words, despite high levels of unemployment, we see a worrying mismatch between the worlds of work and education.
Inequalities persist in European education and training systems, with wide variation between Member States, and consequences for individuals, economic progress and social cohesion.
There is a need to rethink the performance of our education and training systems and a mounting pressure to do more with less.
One area for efficiency gains: transparency and recognition of skills and qualifications.
One in five adults across the EU fails to reach a basic level of literacy
1. 20% of the EU working age population has low literacy and low numeracy skills;
2. Education and skills increase employability: this represents a challenge for the one in four unemployed who has low literacy and numeracy skills;
3. There are significant differences between individuals with similar qualifications across the EU17 member countries;
4. People with low proficiency are easily caught in a 'low skills trap' as they are less likely to participate in learning activities.
Second edition in an annual series
Joint effort of all education directorates in DG EAC
Consultation of Member States
Two volumes: (1) cross-national analysis and (2) 28 country reports
Monitoring the evolution of education and training systems:
Europe 2020 headline target and further ET2020 benchmarks
Recent policy developments and reforms
Proving the analytical basis for the next European Semester and country-specific recommendations
Opening up education
Linking the worlds of work and education
Alliance for apprenticeships
Rethinking how we attract, educate and support teachers, school leaders and teacher educators
Europe is lagging behind in the development of Open Educational Resources (OER) and Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs)
The rate of early school leavers is down to 12.7%.
Europe 2020 headline target (below 10%)
Europe 2020 headline target (at least 40%)
Transversal skills are lagging behind:
Foreign language competences
A new significant source of data: PIAAC
DG EAC analysis of PIAAC
5. 25% of adults lack the skills to effectively make use of ICTs;
6. The skills of a person tend to deteriorate over time if they are not used frequently;
7. Sustaining skills brings significant positive economic and social outcomes.
DG EAC analysis of PIAAC
"Only 20% of students are taught by digitally confident and supportive teachers."
"In many Member States, the majority of teachers are in the highest age brackets."
"Students from vocational education and training programmes have a better transition from education to work in Member States with developed work-based learning."
% of people in lifelong learning
Level of proficiency in literacy
A slow but steady decrease
(only 3.3 percentage points in 8 years)
A strong improvement
(8.9 percentage points in 8 years)