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Charles Stewart Parnell

An Irish politician in the 19th century.
by

Melissa Lopresti

on 6 December 2012

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Transcript of Charles Stewart Parnell

1846-1891 Charles Stewart Parnell General Information Beliefs "Moral Coventry"
Also regarded as "boycotting."
Farmers should be entitled to their own property, instead of having to rent it.
Ireland should be self-governed. Role in Politics Regarded as the "Uncrowned King of Ireland",
Parnell became a member of Parliament at the age of 29, in 1975.
When the Irish National Land League in Dublin was founded in 1879, Parnell was made President.
The organization, Home Rule, was established and led by Isaac Butt, although Parnell rose up in the ranks to secure the position of President. Downfall Parnell's affair with Catherine hurt his reputation, but did not lose him all of his followers. Upon his dismissal from Home Rule Presidency, the members had divided in two. The Parnellians and the non-Parnellians stayed obstinent in their views on policy and leadership for years after Parnell passed. References Arndt, Melanie. Joyce's Hero Mythicized: Charles
Stewart Parnell. n.d. The Modern World.
Charles Stewart Parnell. n.d. Clare County Library.
Hillan, Sophia, PhD. Information on the Irish National
Land League. 18 Aug. 1856. Belfast, Ireland: CMSIED.
Jackson, Alvin. Home Rule: An Irish History, 1800-
2000. 2003. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 1903.
London: Smith, Elder. 2 Dec. 2012.
Parnell and Home Rule. Irish History Since 1850.
William Butler Yeats. 2010. Famous Poets and Poems. The Land League was founded by Michael Davitt with two main goals:
1. End rack-renting, lord oppression, and other such property abuses.
2. Place ownership of farms in the hands of their respective farmers. Born in Avondale, Wicklow to John Henry and Delia. His parents owned an estate, as well as a large amount of other land. Many of Parnell's relatives served as Members of Parliament in Westminister. Pictured: Mother, Delia Tudor-Parnell Parnell was raised as a Protestant. He was of Anglo-Irish and American descent, and studied math at Cambridge University. Around the time that Charles got involved in politics, he met Captain William O'Shea - and his wife, Catherine, who Parnell fondly called "Kitty".
She and Parnell began an affair in 1880 that fostered three children, and lasted until her divorce with William O'Shea in '89.
This scandal caused disruption to Parnell's reputation as a political leader, and eventually ended his position in the Home Rule organization.
Parnell went on to marry Catherine on 25 June 1891. This term was used by Parnell as isolating a man from his town through avoidance and detestation.
Along with enforcing boycotting, Parnell dissuaded land owners from evicting tenants, by forbidding them to invite new tenants after the old ones had been evicted. On the upside of his situation, Parnell proved that the men of Ireland were capable of fighting for their rights and property.
Parnell also transformed the idea of Home Rule into a reality and gave hope to his successors and followers. Influence Parnell was seen as a "hero" by many people who grew up in the 19th century.
He is common in several well-known literary pieces around his time. Joyce In "Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man", James Joyce refers to Parnell often, either by having a character praise him or critic him. She illustrates a dinner conversation between a Catholic woman and two Parnellite men about Parnell's leadership.
Parnell is also mentioned in Joyce's "Ulysses", as the main character is comparable to Parnell in his political activities. Home Rule sought to find an answer to the Land Question. During the 19th century, Ireland had issues concerning individual landownership, as well as control over the land in all the country, both of which belonged to the British.
Parnell's greatest accomplishment was uniting both the Home Rule movement and the Land League organization to cooperatively find a solution to this question. Yeats In "Parnell's funeral" Yeats says that Parnell's death was a sacrifice for Ireland.
"Parnell" simply says that Parnell told the people of Ireland:
"Ireland shall get her freedom."
In Yeats' "Come Gather Round Me, Parnellites", he gives many ways that Parnell was a good man; Parnell fought against England for Ireland's farmers and poor men, he was a man in love, and he was proud. Stoker The idea has been proposed that Dracula was in some ways modeled by Charles Parnell. As Dracula is a foreign threat to his country, Parnell was a threat to England. Additionally, Parnell sought to hide his relationship with Catherine and disguise himself as other people, while Dracula transformed himself into various animals and individuals. O'Casey Sean O'Casey's story "Cat 'n Cage," involves a conversation between family members over Parnell's success at leading Ireland.
The story "Royal Risidence" also includes an arguement over Parnell's religious beliefs and how they influenced his role in politics.
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