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Simplified Seigneurial System
Transcript of Simplified Seigneurial System
in New France Women and the
Seigneuries What is a SEE-NYURR-EE
Anyway? Habitant Intendant Seigneur Seigneurial System Relationships Collect seigneurie census information from the seigneur; report to the king
Oversee the seigneuries on behalf of the king Clear land and build homes
Pay taxes to seigneur, called cens et rentes - could be goods like livestock, wheat, or money
Had to work on the seigneur's land for 3 days of the year (corvee)
Had to take their grain to the seigneur's mill and pay him or her 1/14th of its price
Had to give seigneur a portion of fish caught and wood harvested on property
Had to pay the seigneur commission if land sold
Help build church on the seigneurie and give the seigneur a special pew Divide the seigneury into thin plots of land and lease them to habitants
Build a house and flour mill on the seigneury
Contribute to construction of a church
Report to intendant about seigneury population, amount of land under cultivation, and dues paid Seigneurial System in France Compared to New France France New France Seigneurial system made seigneurs rich and provided them with cheap labour
Habitants were unpaid and treated more like slaves
Habitants were called up for military duty and required to work on the seigneur's land for free, called corvee System benefited habitants as well as seigneur
Habitants had independence, land, and income
Being a seigneur in New France meant having status, but not wealth A seigneury is a large chunk of land divided into long narrow strips, with one end contacting a river
Ran by a seigneur and farmed by the habitants
When all of the spots along the river were taken, a second row of seigneuries were established Seigneur Habitants Owner of a very large plot of land Seigneur would farm his or her land, or lease (rent) it to many different habitants Not very wealthy, but maintained a high social status Had to clear the land, build a house where the habitants would pay taxes, build a mill, and build a church Leased land from seigneur Responsible for clearing land, building a house, farming, and paying taxes to the seigneur Could pass land down to family members and divide into smaller plots Owed $ to seigneur if they sold land St. Lawrence River Seigneuries were settled along the St. Lawrence River
Farming in long strips meant that every plot could have access to water
The St. Lawrence waterway was a transportation and trading route, similar to a present-day highway
Seigneuries would only be built without water access if space along the river was full Women were allowed to hold seigneurial land
Inherited land from husbands when they died
Some kept their land while others gave it to a son once they were of proper farming age
Madeleine d'Allonne (1646-1718)