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Latin America (600-1450 CE)
Transcript of Latin America (600-1450 CE)
The very sudden fall of Teotihuacan contributed to the abandonment of the Monte Alban.
Tikal begins to decline Some theories for the decline and fall of Tikal include: famine, disease, warfare, climate change or any/ all of the above. Historians believe that by 950 A.D. the city was completely abandoned.
Aztec founded Tenochtitlan (current day Mexico city)
Maya abandoned their major cities in Guatemala lowlands.
Toltec people established an empire within the highlands of Mexico.
Damaging wars disrupted many Mayan
cities. There was a decline in population, as
death rates rose and birth rates declined.
End of the classic Mayan period
Chichen Itza became the most
powerful city of Post Classical
Chichen Itza began to decline as Mayapan
and other nearby Mayan cities became
more prominent and competitive
Toltec built their capital 70
kilometers north of Mexico
Ancestors of the Aztecs leave their
Ancestors of the Aztec arrive at
the valley of Mexico
Toltec empire declines
Aztec formed an alliance with the
Tepanac people west of Tenochtitlan
Acamapictli becomes the first Aztec ruler at
Templo Mayor is built
Huitzilihuitl became the second
huey tlatoni of the Aztec people
Chimalpopoca became the third
Aztec huey tlatoni
War broke out between the Aztec and neighboring Tepanec people
Chimalpopoca is assassinated by
Itzcoatl became the fourth
Aztec huey Hatoani
Tenochtitlan formed an alliance with two nearby cities, Texoco and Tlacopan
Aztec alliance conquers the Tepanec
Montezuma I becomes the fifth
Aztec huey tlatoani.
Thousands of Aztec people die following a drought that
lasts several years
The civilizations of Nazca and Moche collapse.
Horses are brought to the new world by the Spanish.
Destruction of the Toltec civilization
Toltecs establish their capital at Tula.
Maya produce first book in the Americas.