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Eating Disorders

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Emily Hardy-Trodd

on 31 January 2013

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Transcript of Eating Disorders

Causes of Anorexia nervosa:

there isn't one particular thing that causes anorexia however it can be stimulated by many factors including:

Psychological factors: eg. the person may react badly to stress, show signs of depresion, OCD and anxiety.

Environmental factors: eg. puberty breavement, bullying, difficult relationships, stressful life event and pressures in education.

Biological factors: lack of nutrition can result in the brain not functioning properly, change in hormone levels can result in a person developing further anxiety and guilt worsening the condition. Eating Disorders occur from insufficient or excessive eating and are a form of mental health condition. Eating Disorders Anorexia Nervosa

Bulimia

Binge Eating

Pregorexia

Orthorexia

Pica Symptoms:
Making yourself sick
eating small amounts
exercising so calories consumed are burnt
Hair Growth: Fine Downy hair on body and more facial hair
Low blood pressure, dizziness, low body temperature
Stomach pains or constipation
Stop menstrual cycle can lead to becoming infertile.
lying about eating patterns, for example: excuses why they are not eating, or say they have already eaten.
Constant weight checking (mirror, scales) Anorexia Nervosa Symptoms Bulimia Pregorexia What it is:
A mental health condition of which affects eating habits. Types of Eating Disorders What it is: where a person starves themselves then binge eats before making themselves sick. They use it as a way to deal with emotional stress -Binge eating (eating a lot of high calorie foods without feeling hungry to try and deal with emotional stress)
-Purging (a reaction to binging as a person feels physically bloated and guilty and fears putting on weight so tries to get what has been eaten out of their system quickly. this may result in a person being sick or taking laxatives)
- Guilt
- regular changes in weight
- episodes of overeating
- Episodes of starvation
- Scarred knuckles
- Isolation
- Depression causes Pica What is it?
Pica is an eating disorder where people eat 'things' instead of food. the cause of Bulimia may be linked to:
-Low self esteem
-depression
-stress
-culture and social pressure
-puberty
-depression
-genetics what is it: Similar to anorexia but in pregnancy. Women become scared of gaining the recommended 25 -35 pounds during pregnancy and become obsessed with loosing weight. Binge Eating Orthorexia How it occurs:
Binge eating occurs when people feel the need to regularly eat excessive amounts of fatty foods. Large quantities of food are consumed within a short period of time, even when they aren't hungry, after consuming the 'binge' food, the person is left feeling depressed and disgusted. Binge eating is often a coverup of underlying problems such as depression or anxiety. causes:
-Guilt
-shame
both are made worse by the sense of responsibility the women feels Effects on baby:
-premature birth
-low birth weight
-anemia
-ADHD
-rickets
-heart disease
-poor growth and cognitive development symptoms:
-similar symptoms to anorexia Problems of binge eating:
Binge eating is associated with obesity, as consuming vast amount of sugary food leads to excessive calorie intake, which if exercise doesn't happen, will turn into fat, this leads too...
high blood pressure
high cholesterol
type 2 diabetes
heart disease Questions ReFeReNcEs http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Eating-disorders/Pages/Introduction.aspx How many people are affected by eating disorders in the UK ? what is pica? An eating disorder where people eat objects instead of food http://www.healthguidance.org/entry/15733/1/Pica-Eating-Disorder.html Examples of what people with Pica eating disorder eat: Clay
sand
soap
batteries
pencils
feces
Sponges How it occurs:
pica is mostly found in women and children, it is seen as quite common in children as young children eat different things whilst exploring, however older people get it as they gain a constant appetite for non-nutritive food. Also occurs due to mineral deficiency, psychological conditions e.g. autism or anorexia nervosa. RISKS
Pica comes with a lot of risks as eating these substances can cause intoxication and bacteria which is harmful and can lead to poisoning, even if the substance itself isn't harmful it can lead to chocking, indigestion and constipation. http://www.eatingdisordertreatment.com what it is:
this where people avoid unhealthy foods and become obsessed with eating healthy and excising regularly. Causes:
-OCD (need for control)
-Anxiety Symptoms:
-Extreme weight loss (due to lack of fat in diet)
-Obsession with healthy eating
-Over exercising
-Cutting out particular food groups http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orthorexia_nervosa Statistics http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-1368783/Orthorexia-nervose-Obsessive-healthy-eaters-risking-lives-eating-disorders.html Effects:
-Malnutrition
-Death Possible Effects:
-Death
-infertility
-malnutrition 8% of women have bulimia at some stage in there life what percentage of women have bulimia at some stage in their life? 1.1 million people list two types of help you can get if you have an eating disorder Answers 1. 2. 3. 1. 2. 3. 4. 4. 5. Name two effects of Orthorexia 5. malnutrition and death 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 6. 7. 9. 8. 10. what can binge eating lead too? (name two problems) high blood pressure, high cholesterol, type 2 diabetes, heart disease Identify two causes of Bulimia Low self esteem, depression, stress, culture and social pressure, puberty, depression or genetics name three eating disorders Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia, Binge Eating, Pregorexia, Orthorexia, Pica how does pregorexia occur? Women become scared of gaining the recommended 25 -35 pounds during pregnancy and become obsessed with loosing weight. Ways of getting help 1.6 million people in the UK suffer of an eating disorder. how many people in the UK suffer of an eating disorder? 1.6 million people http://www.careukeatingdisorders.com/About%20Eating%20Disorders/Eating%20Disorder%20Statistics/ Anorexia affects 1 in every 100 women, between the ages of 15 and 30. in 2010 the obesity rates were:
62.8% of adults were obese or overweight
30.3% of children were overweight or obese
26.1% of all adults and 16% of all children were obese * GP
* www.b-eat.co.uk
* www.anorexiabulimiacare.co.uk
* www.oagb.org.uk

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